Unit 8 (Proficiency Masterclass)

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Tags and Description

English

2nd

225 Terms

1

entitled

given the right to have or do something

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2

virtue

behavior showing high moral standards; an advantage or good thing

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3

by virtue of

because of, as a result of

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4

conceive

to bring a thought or idea into being; imagine

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5

egalitarian

believing that all people are equally important and should have the same rights and opportunities in life

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6

abuse

to use something for the wrong purpose in a way that is harmful or morally wrong

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7

conquer

take control or possession of foreign land, or a group of people, by force

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8

violate

break or act against sth, especially a law, agreement, principle, or something that should be treated with respect

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9

enumerate

name things separately, one by one

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10

proclaim

announce sth publicly or officially

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11

rage

happen in a strong or violent way

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12

fashion

create sth, using the hands or the imagination

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13

interference

an occasion when sb tries to interfere in a situation; obstruction

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14

bribery

an attempt to make sb do sth for you by giving the person money, presents, or sth else that they want

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15

outbreak

a time when sth suddenly begins, especially a disease or sth else dangerous or unpleasant

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16

assembly

a group of people, especially one that meets regularly for a particular purpose, such as government, or, more generally, the process of coming together, or the state of being together

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17

abolition

the act of ending an activity or custom officially

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18

preamble

an introduction to a speech or piece of writing; sth that happens before or leads to sth else

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19

cuneiform

a form of writing used for over 3,000 years until the 1st century BC in the ancient countries of Western Asia

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20

decree

an official statement that sth must happen

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21

charter

a formal statement of the rights of a country's people, or of an organization or a particular social group, that is agreed by or demanded from a ruler or government

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22

storming

the sudden forceful attack and capture of a building or other place by troops

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23

provision

a statement in an agreement or a law that a particular thing must happen or be done

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24

scourge

sth or sb that causes great suffering or a lot of trouble

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25

constituional

allowed by or contained in a constitution

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26

smouldering

burning slowly with smoke but no flame; continuing and likely to become worse

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27

judicial

relating to the legal system

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28

eligible

having the necessary qualities or fulfilling the necessary conditions

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29

distinctive

easy to recognize because it is different from other things

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30

smuggling

the act or process of taking things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally

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31

magistrate

a person who acts as a judge in a law court that deals with crimes that are less serious

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32

blackmail

the act of getting money from people or forcing them to do sth by threatening to tell a secret of theirs or to harm them

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33

bail

an amount of money that a person who has been accused of a crime pays to a law court so that they can be released until their trial

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34

remand

to send someone accused of committing a crime away from court until their trial begins

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35

money laundering

the crime of moving money that has been obtained illegally through banks and other businesses to make it seem as if the money has been obtained legally

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36

sentence

decide and say officially what a punishment will be

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37

behind bars

in prison

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38

banned

not allowed; forbidden

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39

remand in custody

hold a person in custody until the time of their trial

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40

spate

a larger number of events than usual, especially unpleasant ones, happening at about the same time

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41

defendant

a person in a law case who is accused of having done sth illegal

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42

lodge (a claim, complaint, protest, etc.)

make an official complaint about sth

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43

appeal

a request made to a court of law or to sb in authority to change a previous decision

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44

arrest

bring into custody; to use legal authority to catch and take sb to a place where the person may be accused of a crime

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45

possession

ownership

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46

acquitted of

freed from; released from

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47

acquit

decide officially in a law court that sb is not guilty of a particular crime

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48

defraud

take or keep sth illegally from sb by deceiving the person

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49

curb

control or limit sth that is not wanted

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50

crack down on

start dealing with bad or illegal behaviour in a more severe way

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51

sway

persuade sb to believe or do one thing rather than another

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52

futile

useless; pointless

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53

remorse

a feeling of sadness and being sorry for sth you have done

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54

manslaughter

the crime of killing a person when the killer did not intend to do it or cannot be responsible for his or her actions

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55

libel

sth written or published that makes false or unfair statements that are likely to damage the reputation of a person or organization

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56

arson

the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property

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57

shoplifting

the act of stealing goods from a shop

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58

reckless

careless; without caution

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59

computer hacking

the use of technology to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information on a computer system

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60

fraud

the crime of obtaining money or property by deceiving people

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61

tax evasion

ways of illegally paying less tax than you should

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62

arsonist

a criminal who illegally sets fire to property

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63

fraudster

someone who gets money by deceiving people

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64

shoplifter

someone who steals from shops

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65

distress

make someone feel very upset or worried

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66

sawn-off shotgun

a shotgun with most of the barrel cut off

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67

point-blank

aimed or fired directly at from a close position

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68

common-law wife/husband

someone who is not officially a wife or husband but is considered to be one because she or he has been living with their partner for a long time

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69

prosecution

the lawyers in a court case who represent the side that accuses sb of committing a crime

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70

premeditated

considered beforehand, deliberately planned

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71

compassion

a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them

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72

retire

leave a room or group of people and go somewhere quiet or private

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73

cherish

feel or show affection toward sth

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74

ultimately

finally; after a series of things have happened

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75

grim

worrying, without hope

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76

petty

not important, not worth giving attention to

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77

impose

officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc. to be obeyed or received

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78

blackmailer

a person who threatens to tell a harmful secret about another person in order to try to force them to do sth

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79

hacker

a person who uses computers to gain unauthorized access to data

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80

crush

press sth very hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed

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81

track sb down

find sb after a long search

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82

release

give freedom or free movement to sb or sth

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83

take over

begin to have control of sth

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84

confront

face, meet, or deal with a difficult situation or person

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85

charge with

make a formal statement saying that sb is accused of a crime

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86

insanity

the condition of being seriously mentally ill

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87

shed

a large, simple building used for a particular purpose

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88

inspection

the act of looking at sth carefully in order to discover information

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89

car boot

a covered space at the back of a car for storing things in

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90

adjourn

stop proceedings temporarily; have a pause or rest during a formal meeting or trial

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91

barrister

a type of lawyer in the UK , Australia, and some other countries who can give specialized legal advice and can argue a case in both higher and lower courts

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92

turn up

arrive or appear somewhere

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93

coach

a long motor vehicle with comfortable seats, used to take groups of people on journeys

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94

take in

completely understand the meaning or importance of sth

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95

distinctly

clearly, obviously, unmistakably

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96

prowl

move around quietly in a place trying not to be seen or heard

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97

solicitor

a type of lawyer in Britain and Australia who is trained to prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts

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98

will

a legal document in which sb states what should be done with their money and property when they die

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99

vandalize

intentionally damage property belonging to other people

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100

abusive

using rude and offensive words; treating sb badly or cruelly, esp. physically

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