HDFS 284 Exam 3

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What is the family projection process?

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Dr. Sibley, NIU

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1

What is the family projection process?

Parental stress can be projected onto their children, which can result in negative outcomes for children

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2

Occupational segregation

pronounced tendency for men and women to be employed in different types of jobs

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3

Which gender tends to be relationship barometers?

women

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4

Communication patterns (5): "I'll do whatever you say to make you happy"

placaters

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5

Communication patterns (5): "Do what I say"

blamers

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6

Communication patterns (5): "Let's change the subject"

distractors

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7

Communication patterns (5): "I'm cool and collected"

computers

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8

Communication patterns (5): "Let's talk ing a healthy way"

levelers

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9

What had decreased over the years?

intimate partner violence

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10

Family violence makes for ____ of all violence and _____ of all police-recorded violence

11%; 1/3

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11

_____ of unmarried adults reposted experiencing physical aggression in romantic relationships

48%

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12

Children witnessing IPV is _____ _____ _______ as them being hit themselves

just as detrimental

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13

acts of commission

parent does harmful acts towards child

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14

acts of omission

parent neglects the child's needs

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15

What is the 6th leading cause of death for children under 14?

maltreatment

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16

multipartnered fertility

having children with someone who already has children

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17

Common parental issues (7): difficulties balancing ____ ___ ______

work and family

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18

Common parental issues (7): growing up in a society with _______ _____

conflicting beliefs

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19

Common parental issues (7): overwhelming ______ on child’s life

influence

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20

Common parental issues (7): simultaneously taking care of ______ ____ ______

elderly and children

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21

Common parental issues (7): ______ _______ support

less federal

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22

Common parental issues (7): outside _______ on parenting

interference/opinion

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23

Common parental issues (7): more _______ to raise children properly

pressure

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24

stress model of parental effectiveness

parental stress leads to household conflict / parental depression, which negatively affects positive parenting practices; having social support can help prevent negative outcomes

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25

What are some of the challenges that couples face in the transition to parenthood? (3)

sudden shifts, less connection/relaxation for couple, distant from family/help

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26

Who is expected to be the psychological parent?

the mother

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27

What are social fathers and do they improve the household?

Nonbiological unmarried male figures; no

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28

What are nonresidential fathers and why do they cause?

Fathers that do not live with their biological children; family instability

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29

Authoritarian

low warmth, high expectations

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30

Permissive

high/low warmth, low expectations

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31

Authoritative

high warmth, high expectations

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32

“Hurried” child

Spends more time on adult readiness than play due to parents

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33

Helicopter parents

Hover and excessively mediate child’s life

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34

Native American families value personal autonomy in children; what kind of parenting style can this be associated with?

permissive

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35

What is the Confucian training doctrine (3 values upheld by Asian American families)?

Parental love, “training” (shame and guilt), and familial loyalty

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36

What type of punishment is mostly used by Black families?

spanking

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37

What are multigenerational punishments?

Legal rules that disrupt families for generations (I.e. deportation)

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38

Hispanic parents commonly use what type of authority?

hierarchal

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39

Race socialization

Parents teaching their children to take pride in their race

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40

Grandfamilies

Families where grandparents are the head

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41

Formal Kindship Care

Grandparents who are licensed foster parents

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42

Instrumental goals encourage ___ to be in the workplace

men

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43

The female demographic for _____ -__ _______ outweighed men

desiring high-paying careers

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44

Role conflict

demands of certain roles intersect one another

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45

Both unpaid and paid work for both sexes has ______ over the years

increased

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46

Good Providers

Focus on financially providing more than involvement

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47

Involved Fathers

Focus on involvement more than financially providing

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48

What increased for women in WWI, WWII, and the Great Depression?

employment

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49

Women make what proportion of men’s earnings?

81%

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50

Motherhood penalty

Parenthood can negatively impact women’s salary

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51

Neotraditional

1950s social norms

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52

What two concepts are used to explore interface between working and family?

Structure-functionalist perspective; social policy

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53

Casual feedback loop

Gender inequality in the workplace impact familial decisions and vice versa

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54

Solutions for work-family balance (4)

Family leave, adequate wages, flexible scheduling, quality child/elder care

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55

What do family-friendly workplaces advocate for (2)

On-site childcare, family leave, etc.

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56

Family cohesion

how united the family members are

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57

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): Openly express ______ of others

appreciation

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58

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): _____ levels of _____ to the family unit

high; commitment

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59

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): Prioritize _____ time

quality

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60

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): Positively resolve _____

crises

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61

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): Have ______ _______

spiritual orientations

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62

Cohesive Family Characteristics (6): _______ communication

positive

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63

What are relationship ideologies?

couples' expectations for closeness, distance, and fulfilling roles

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64

What are warm relationships?

High love, low antagonism

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65

What are tempestuous/stormy relationships?

High love, high antagonism

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66

What are bland relationships?

Low love, low antagonism

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67

What are hostile relationships?

Low love, high antagonism

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68

Relationship-focused coping

coping that does not harm relationship

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69

What are three indirect expressions of anger?

Passive aggression, sabotage, displacement (directing anger towards partner’s possessions)

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70

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): express ____ ____

love verbally

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71

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): _______ affectionate

physically

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72

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): express ______

appreciation

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73

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): view relationship as an _____ ____ system

emotional support

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74

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): express affection _____

materially

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75

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): accept your partner’s ______

shortcomings

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76

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): treat others ____ ____ _____ __ ____ ______

how you want to be treated

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77

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): -_ more

self-disclose

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78

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): make time for ______ _____

alone time

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79

Nourishing relationship characteristics (10): do not take ________ ____ ________

relationship for granted

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80

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Contempt – feeling partner is inferior, criticism, defensiveness, stonewalling

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81

What does AAMFT stand for?

American Association of Marriage/Family Therapy

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82

AAMFT counselor qualifications involves... (2)

A graduate degree, 3 years of clinical training under a senior supervisor

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83

What is emotional intelligence (2)?

Ability to manage our emotions and sensitivity to others’ emotions

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84

Who developed PREP?

Scott Stanley and Howard Markman

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85

What is estrangement?

Complete cutoff from others, specifically family

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86

Power

The ability to exercise one’s will

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87

Coercive Power

ability to punish a partner physically or mentally

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88

Reward Power

ability to provide tangible and nontangible materials

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89

Expert Power

one partner is superior to the other in knowledge or ability

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90

Informational Power

one partner provides information to persuade the other

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91

Referent Power

one partner does something to make the other happy

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92

Legitimate Power

ability to have authority over the other

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93

What is the resource hypothesis?

The partner with more resources tends to have more power in a relationship

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94

How is couple power evaluated (4)?

Decision making, division of labor, money allocation, partner influence

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95

What is conjugal power?

Marital power

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96

Types of conjugal power (3)

Egalitarian unions, gender-modified egalitarian unions, neotraditional

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97

What happens to immigrant families as they assimilate?

They adopt less traditional roles

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98

What are power politics?

power politics describe partners attempting to win dominance

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99

Where is IPV data collected from (4)?

Crime reposts, national surveys, qualitative research, reports from other professionals (social workers)

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100

IPV is ______, but it still makes up ____ of all police-recorded violence

Declining, 1/3

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