Hum III Final

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Sepoy Mutiny

1 / 163

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

164 Terms

1

Sepoy Mutiny

  • 1857-1858

  • India

  • bloody uprising by native indian soldiers & civilians

  • name for indian native soldiers that worked for the british

  • british relied on them

  • used infield rifles?

    • used cow fat which offended indians

    • pork fat offended muslims

  • ask indians to go far away from home but had been promised they could stay close

  • took all of British East India's authority away, and replaced it with direct governing from the British, under Queen Victoria.

<ul><li><p>1857-1858</p></li><li><p>India</p></li><li><p>bloody uprising by native indian soldiers &amp; civilians</p></li><li><p>name for indian native soldiers that worked for the british</p></li><li><p>british relied on them</p></li><li><p>used infield rifles?</p><ul><li><p>used cow fat which offended indians</p></li><li><p>pork fat offended muslims</p></li></ul></li><li><p>ask indians to go far away from home but had been promised they could stay close</p></li><li><p>took all of British East India&apos;s authority away, and replaced it with direct governing from the British, under Queen Victoria.</p></li></ul>
New cards
2

Queen Victoria

  • empress of India

  • opium addiction flourished during her reign

  • British

  • supported British merchants in their refusal to cooperate w/ Chinese prohibition

<ul><li><p>empress of India</p></li><li><p>opium addiction flourished during her reign</p></li><li><p>British</p></li><li><p>supported British merchants in their refusal to cooperate w/ Chinese prohibition</p></li></ul>
New cards
3

Cecil Rhodes

  • confession of faith

    • imperialists faith in dominating the world

  • characerzed what hitler later blieved

  • british pollitician in south africa

  • prime minister of cape colony

<ul><li><p>confession of faith</p><ul><li><p>imperialists faith in dominating the world</p></li></ul></li><li><p>characerzed what hitler later blieved</p></li><li><p>british pollitician in south africa</p></li><li><p>prime minister of cape colony</p></li></ul>
New cards
4

Albert Bierstadt

  • german american artist

  • presented American through european lense

  • introduced many Easterners to the grandeur of the American West for the first time.

<ul><li><p>german american artist</p></li><li><p>presented American through european lense</p></li><li><p>introduced many Easterners to the grandeur of the American West for the first time.</p></li></ul>
New cards
5

Jean-Francois Millet

  • french

  • realist painter

  • paintings = political statements

  • founder of Barbizon school in rural france

<ul><li><p>french</p></li><li><p>realist painter</p></li><li><p>paintings = political statements</p></li><li><p>founder of Barbizon school in rural france</p></li></ul>
New cards
6

Edouard Manet

  • Luncheon on the Grass (1863)

  • part of the first Salon des Refuses in 1863

  • work = scandal

    • women portrayed naked w/ 2 men

<ul><li><p>Luncheon on the Grass (1863)</p></li><li><p>part of the first Salon des Refuses in 1863</p></li><li><p>work = scandal</p><ul><li><p>women portrayed naked w/ 2 men</p></li></ul></li></ul>
New cards
7

Richard Wagner

  • composer

  • Ride of the valkyries

  • romantic Movement

<ul><li><p>composer</p></li><li><p>Ride of the valkyries</p></li><li><p>romantic Movement</p></li></ul>
New cards
8

Claude Monet

  • Impressionist movement came from name of Sunrise

  • helped found the Salon de Refuses

<ul><li><p>Impressionist movement came from name of Sunrise</p></li><li><p>helped found the Salon de Refuses</p></li></ul>
New cards
9

Camille Pissarro

  • native of the virgin islands but came to France at age 12 for schooling

  • Boulevard Montermartre

  • Showing the modern city

<ul><li><p>native of the virgin islands but came to France at age 12 for schooling</p></li><li><p>Boulevard Montermartre</p></li><li><p>Showing the modern city</p></li></ul>
New cards
10

Fin de siècle

  • end of century

  • usually 19th century

New cards
11

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

  • celebrated urban night life with posters

  • painted portrait of Vincent Van Gogh

<ul><li><p>celebrated urban night life with posters</p></li><li><p>painted portrait of Vincent Van Gogh</p></li></ul>
New cards
12

Alexander II

  • r 1855-1881

  • More sympathetic to russia’s poor

  • Emancipated serfs

    • last country of serfs (old feudal system)

    • li,mited reform

      • still had to pay lord to cover labor

  • created regional elective councils

  • Opened schools

  • Assasinated by anarchists

  • crimean war ended under his reign

  • promotion made on merit

  • boost morale of country if they were going to go to wawr again

<ul><li><p>r 1855-1881</p></li><li><p>More sympathetic to russia’s poor</p></li><li><p>Emancipated serfs</p><ul><li><p>last country of serfs (old feudal system)</p></li><li><p>li,mited reform</p><ul><li><p>still had to pay lord to cover labor</p></li></ul></li></ul></li><li><p>created regional elective councils</p></li><li><p>Opened schools</p></li><li><p>Assasinated by anarchists</p></li><li><p>crimean war ended under his reign</p></li><li><p>promotion made on merit</p></li><li><p>boost morale of country if they were going to go to wawr again</p></li></ul>
New cards
13

Russo-Japanese War

  • 1904-1905

  • rival ambitions in Manchuria & Korean Empire

  • Russia needed support

    • Triple entente created

<ul><li><p>1904-1905</p></li><li><p>rival ambitions in Manchuria &amp; Korean Empire</p></li><li><p>Russia needed support</p><ul><li><p>Triple entente created</p></li></ul></li></ul>
New cards
14

Nicholas II

  • 1894-1917

  • tried liberal reforms

    • Duma

      • failed because of economic difficulties

  • last czar of russia

<ul><li><p>1894-1917</p></li><li><p>tried liberal reforms</p><ul><li><p>Duma</p><ul><li><p>failed because of economic difficulties</p></li></ul></li></ul></li><li><p>last czar of russia</p></li></ul>
New cards
15

Bloody Sunday

  • industrial workers had rally

  • Father George

  • 100,000+ people

  • Russia 1905

  • St.Petersburg Ireland

  • was a massacre on 30 January 1972 when British soldiers shot 26 unarmed civilians during a protest march in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland.

  • an armed confrontation between local authorities and members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) union, commonly called "Wobblies".

<ul><li><p>industrial workers had rally</p></li><li><p>Father George</p></li><li><p>100,000+ people</p></li><li><p>Russia 1905</p></li><li><p>St.Petersburg Ireland</p></li><li><p>was a massacre on 30 January 1972 when British soldiers shot 26 unarmed civilians during a protest march in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland.</p></li><li><p>an armed confrontation between local authorities and members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) union, commonly called &quot;Wobblies&quot;.</p></li></ul>
New cards
16

Spheres of influence

  • claim by a state to exclusive or predominant control over a foreign area or territory

<ul><li><p>claim by a state to exclusive or predominant control over a foreign area or territory</p></li></ul>
New cards
17

“Open Door”

  • statement of principles

  • by U.S.

  • 1899-1900

  • protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for support of Chinese territorial & administrative integrity

<ul><li><p>statement of principles</p></li><li><p>by U.S.</p></li><li><p>1899-1900</p></li><li><p>protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for support of Chinese territorial &amp; administrative integrity</p></li></ul>
New cards
18

Opium Wars

  • 1839-1942, 1856-1860

  • extraterritoriality introduced

    • european law was put in place in sphere of influence

  • Chinese king stopped opium import into china

  • everyone was high

  • thought to be a cure-all

  • europe wanted opium trade into china

  • went to war to stop this

  • British won

<ul><li><p>1839-1942, 1856-1860</p></li><li><p>extraterritoriality introduced</p><ul><li><p>european law was put in place in sphere of influence</p></li></ul></li><li><p>Chinese king stopped opium import into china</p></li><li><p>everyone was high</p></li><li><p>thought to be a cure-all</p></li><li><p>europe wanted opium trade into china</p></li><li><p>went to war to stop this</p></li><li><p>British won</p></li></ul>
New cards
19

Boxer Rebellion (1900)

  • 1899-1891

  • Chines saw as another resistance to euro domination

  • Chinese nationalist

  • called themselves righteous order of harmonious fists

  • stronger Chinese gov

  • chinese law reign

  • demonstrations in Beijing

    • surround consulate anda embassy of Europe

  • some missionaries & diplomat fam suffered

  • people sent troops

    • us participated

      • wAS given thE open door

  • ended in 1912 and china became repiubklic

<ul><li><p>1899-1891</p></li><li><p>Chines saw as another resistance to euro domination</p></li><li><p>Chinese nationalist</p></li><li><p>called themselves righteous order of harmonious fists</p></li><li><p>stronger Chinese gov</p></li><li><p>chinese law reign</p></li><li><p>demonstrations in Beijing</p><ul><li><p>surround consulate anda embassy of Europe</p></li></ul></li><li><p>some missionaries &amp; diplomat fam suffered</p></li><li><p>people sent troops</p><ul><li><p>us participated</p><ul><li><p>wAS given thE open door</p></li><li><p></p></li></ul></li></ul></li><li><p>ended in 1912 and china became repiubklic</p></li></ul>
New cards
20

“Young Turks”

  • reformists

  • largely army offices

  • compelled Abdul Hamid to concede a new Constitution in 1908

  • Internal dissent fell from power in 1911

<ul><li><p>reformists</p></li><li><p>largely army offices</p></li><li><p>compelled Abdul Hamid to concede a new Constitution in 1908</p></li><li><p>Internal dissent fell from power in 1911</p></li></ul>
New cards
21

Balkan Wars

  • Turkey mobilizwd army against salvic state to get territory back

  • Turkey tried to take territroy in Blakin area

  • Turkey was driven out

  • 2nd

    • everyone fought against serbia

    • Turkey got its territory back

<ul><li><p>Turkey mobilizwd army against salvic state to get territory back</p></li><li><p>Turkey tried to take territroy in Blakin area</p></li><li><p>Turkey was driven out</p></li><li><p>2nd</p><ul><li><p>everyone fought against serbia</p></li><li><p>Turkey got its territory back</p></li></ul></li><li><p></p></li></ul>
New cards
22

Crimean War

  • russia vs ottoman turkey, britain, france, piedmont-sardinina

  • known for florence nightingale nurse

  • battle for control of the black sea

  • one of the costliest

    • conflict started with who controlled orthodox church

New cards
23

Boer War

  • Bloody war

  • made british unpopular

  • south africa

  • cotnrol of rodijia

  • desired territory was full of resources

  • boers= dutch farmers

  • dutch settlers were there way before

  • dutch duidnt want to live under british

  • boar republics

  • gold & diamonds were discovered so British weren’t getting rights to work in dutch colony

  • British said that they had to give them a piece of their land

  • British outnumbered dutch

  • dutch put in concentration camps

  • british were huge unpopular

New cards
24

Friedrich Nietzsche

  • Thus spoke Zarathustra

    • Ubermensch

      • the ideal superior man of the future who could rise above conventional Christian morality to create and impose his own values,

    • eternal recurrence

  • God is dead

  • people must become their best self without relying on anything

New cards
25

Kulturkampf

  • conflict between civil government and religious authorities especially over control of education and church appointments.

  • led by bismark

  • in reaction to ope syllabus of errors

New cards
26

Emile Zola

  • novelist

  • painted by manet

  • practiced naturaloism

    • nature seen through a temperament

    • acknowledge people had opinion

  • all human beings are products of hereditary/ enviro factros which they have no control over

  • truths of light and shade, reality of obects and creatures

New cards
27

Dreyfus Affair

  • political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906. L'Affaire Dreyfus has come to symbolise modern injustice in the Francophone world, and it remains one of the most notable examples of a complex miscarriage of justice and antisemitism.

  • At the end of 1894, French Army Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a graduate of the École Polytechnique, a Jew of Alsatian origin, was accused of handing secret documents to the Imperial German military. After a closed trial, he was found guilty of treason and sentenced to life imprisonment.

New cards
28

Expressionists

  • art in which the image of reality is distorted in order to make it expressive of the artist's inner feelings or ideas.

New cards
29

Edvard Munch

  • Norwegian painter. His best known work, The Scream, has become one of Western art's most iconic images. His childhood was overshadowed by illness, bereavement and the dread of inheriting a mental condition that ran in the family.

New cards
30

Impressionists

a style or movement in painting originating in France in the 1860s, characterized by a concern with depicting the visual impression of the moment, especially in terms of the shifting effect of light and color.

-cladue monet

New cards
31

Renoir

was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality,

New cards
32

Post-impressionists

Post-Impressionism was a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905, from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism. Post-Impressionism emerged as a reaction against Impressionists' concern for the naturalistic depiction of light and colour

  • picasso

  • van gogh

  • cezanne

New cards
33

Georges Seurat

A Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte (1885)

•New technique of pointillism – again, the people are faceless, but fashions are the same, as people are portrayed enjoying leisure in a green space amidst their urban lives.

New cards
34

Paul Gauguin

Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of colour and Synthetist style that were distinct from Impressionism. Toward the end of his life, he spent ten years in French Polynesia

New cards
35

Vincent Van Gogh

both show the bright colors and geometric shapes and the discomfort of depersonalized urban life and also, with Starry Night (1889), what he saw when he was in a psychiatric hospital

  • post impressionist

  • crazy

New cards
36

Henri Matisse

was a French visual artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painte

New cards
37

Pablo Picasso

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907)

•In the early 20th century, he illustrated the new movement of Cubism and an increasingly abstract art, but use of geometric shapes can be seen as a continuity from the Post-Impressionists.

New cards
38

Les Desmoiselles D’Avignon

  • picassos naked woman

New cards
39

Triple Alliance

  • Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy

  • bound to protect each other

  • cause of WWI

New cards
40

Triple Entente

  • Russia, France, Britain

  • bound to protect each other

  • cause of WWI

New cards
41

Dreadnoughts

  • british ships

  • bigger & more guns

  • latest tech

  • Cause of WWI

New cards
42

U-boats

  • British submarine

  • steathy spying

  • cause of WWI

New cards
43

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  • Execution was tipping point for WWI

  • Austrian crown prince

New cards
44

Bosnia-Herzegovina

  • annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908

  • promoted resentments among neighboring slavic nations with aspiration for their own growth ‘in middle of Turkey’s disarray

New cards
45

Schlieffen plan

  • War plan for Germany

  • 2-front war

    • France

    • Russia

  • If war ensued throw all forces at France

New cards
46

Battle of the Somme

  • British lost so many men against Germany

  • Bloodiest day in British history

  • offensive cpaign that lasted from july to November

  • failure

New cards
47

Lusitania

  • sinking of ship

  • 1915

  • passenger liner

  • british

  • over 15000

  • got hit by germna torpedo

  • 12,000 civilians killed

  • thought british had ammunitions hiding in there

  • created riff between Germans and US

New cards
48

William Butler Yeats

  • poem

  • romantic

  • trips from opium

  • irish

  • mythological

  • nationalist

  • had hope Ireland was going to become a nation someday through peace

  • upper middle class

  • romantic poems & plays

  • rising was an eye opening experience

    • optimism was wrong

New cards
49

Easter Rebelliion, 1916

  • aka rising

  • dublin

  • try to establish irish republic rebellion

  • violant nationalist

  • WWI british military would be busy

  • establish by violent means

  • intellectuals, teacher

  • post office; rebels took fighting first place

  • tried to take city over and take over island

  • british sent troops to stop them

  • monday after easter

  • couple weeks

New cards
50

Woodrow Wilson

  • president

  • Great war to end all wars

  • 14 points

  • attempted to keep US out of the WWI

  • historian

  • helped create league of nations

New cards
51

Fourteen Points

  • written by Woodrow wilson

  • supported the idea of lasting peace

  • peace negotiations in order to end WWI

  • abolition of secret treaties, economic barrier between nations

  • self-determination

New cards
52

Kaiser Wilhelm

  • spirit of nationalism

  • ambitious monarch saw as personification of his nation

  • King of Prussian

  • Emperor of Germany

New cards
53

Treaty of Versailles

  • post war treaty

  • WWI

  • most impactful treaty

  • Allies & Germany

  • treaty of revenge

  • Germany would be resentful

  • Germany had to pay billions

  • Germany was cause of war

  • David Lloyd George

  • Georges Clemenceau

  • the big 4

New cards
54

George Clemenceau

  • Prime minister of france

  • part of treaty of versailles

New cards
55

David Lloyd George

  • prime minister of Birtish peoplpe

  • part of treaty of versailles

New cards
56

Treaty of St. Germaine

  • post war treaty

  • WWI

  • Allies & Austria

New cards
57

Treaty of Sevres

  • post war treaty

  • Allies & Turkey

New cards
58

Fiume

  • 1919

  • the rubber-faced poet-aviator Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian nationalism's propagandist-in-chief, swooped into the port of Fiume (now Rijeka) on the Adriatic and claimed it for Italy

  • In September 1919 the Italian poet and ultra nationalist Gabriele D’Annunzio led a paramilitary legion of veterans and other proto-Fascists in a takeover of the city,

  • defying the great powers;

  • but at the end of 1920 the Italian army, acting on behalf of the great powers, ejected D’Annunzio in the so-called ‘Christmas of Blood’

New cards
59

Gabriele D’Annunzio

  • WWI veteran

  • raids Fiume for Italy

  • Prince of Montenevoso OMS CMG MVM, was an Italian poet, playwright, orator, journalist, aristocrat, and Royal Italian Army officer during World War I

New cards
60

Washington Naval Conference

  • Between 1921 and 1922, the world's largest naval powers gathered in Washington for a conference to discuss naval disarmament and ways to relieve growing tensions in East Asia. In the wake of World War I, leaders in the international community sought to prevent the possibility of another war.

  • , international conference called by the United States to limit the naval arms race and to work out security agreements in the Pacific area. Held in Washington, D.C., the conference resulted in the drafting and signing of several major and minor treaty agreements.

  • prevent another war from happening

  • 5:5:3:1.75:1.75

  • poision gas outlawed as weapon

New cards
61

Kellog-Briand Pact

  • outlaw war

  • pact of paris

  • settle all international disputes by peaceful means

  • prevent another war form happening

New cards
62

Occupation of Ruhr (1923)

  • germany defaulted on reperation payments

  • French and Belgium forces invaded Germany

  • industrial cities

  • Mining

  • take resources

  • German labors went on strike

  • 2.5 years

New cards
63

Reparations

  • Germany payments for causing war

  • part of treaty of versailles

  • fell back and couldn’t pay

New cards
64

weimar Republic

  • socialist party

  • Nazi saw them as weak

  • effective at resisting conditions of versailles

  • Stresemann was a leader

  • used against gov when Nazis used it to place emergency powers

New cards
65

Rhineland

  • was supposed to be demilitarized but Hitler remilitarized it

  • This area was deemed a demilitarized zone to increase the security of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands against future German aggression

New cards
66

Gustav Stresemann

  • ended German resistance to allies

  • economist philosopher

  • middle class leader

  • chancellor of Germany

  • foregin minister

  • accepted Dawes plan

  • signed Locarno pact

    • accepted redraw boundaries

  • won the noble peace prize

New cards
67

Dawes Plan, Young Plan

  • lower reperations apyments for Germany to Britain, France, and Italy so the invasion can cometo an end

  • won noble peaze prize

  • intervened to becoome negotioator between Allies and Germany

  • CEO of RCA

  • won noble peace prize

New cards
68

Benito Mussolini

an Italian dictator and journalist who founded and led the National Fascist Party.

declared war on the United States w/ hitler after the U.S. declared war on Japan, thus giving the U.S. grounds to enter the European war.

New cards
69

Fascism

  • a mass political movement that emphasizes extreme nationalism, militarism, and the supremacy of both the nation and the single, powerful leader over the individual citizen.

  • captialism & socialism

New cards
70

March on Rome (1922)

was an organized mass demonstration and a coup d'état in October 1922 which resulted in Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party ascending to power in the Kingdom of Italy. In late October 1922, Fascist Party leaders planned an insurrection to take place by marching on the capita

New cards
71

“Corporate State”

adherents hold that the corporate group, which forms the basis of society, is the state. The state requires all members of a particular economic sector to join an officially designated interest group.

New cards
72

Attack of Ethiopia (1935)

one of only two independent African nations at the time, was invaded on Oct. 3, 1935 by Fascist Italy under Benito Mussolini. The Italians committed countless atrocities on the independent African state. Poisonous gas, aerial bombardment, flame throwers, and concentration camps were all employed.

New cards
73

League of Nations

  • last point of 14 points

  • main foundation of argument

  • A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike

  • international debating society

  • international peacekeeping force

New cards
74

Manchuria (Manchukuo)

  • where Manchu emperors are from

  • manufactured crisis by Japan

    • insisted Chinese farmers had blown up a railroad

  • Japan created puppet state

  • League of Nations ineffective in stopping them

New cards
75

Spartacist Revolt

  • igroup of radical communist tried to overthrow Weimar Republic

  • Government put it down with army and with the army and war veterans paramilitary groups

New cards
76

Adolf Hitler

  • espiritu de amti cristo

  • jewish hater

  • german in charge

  • leader of nazi party

  • killed himself before trials

  • believed ultimate race

New cards
77

Beer Hall Putsch (Munich)

  • Hitler and Nazis try to take over government

  • same time as french & belgium in ruhr valley

New cards
78

Erich Ludendorff

  • well known German commander

  • victories on the Easter Front

  • leading into Poland and Russian territory

  • had victories on eastern front

New cards
79

Mein Kampf

  • My struggle

  • written by Adolf Hitler

  • wrote in prison

  • articulate Nazi aims in 1924

  • help become true public face of the party

New cards
80

Picasso’s Guernica

  • symbolized chaos in town where fascist aircraft bombed

  • 400-1600 people die

  • Bombed by German & Italian planes

<ul><li><p>symbolized chaos in town where fascist aircraft bombed</p></li><li><p>400-1600 people die</p></li><li><p>Bombed by German &amp; Italian planes</p></li></ul>
New cards
81

Francisco Franco

  • spanish General that led his Fascist Falange against the left-leaning gov of the Republic

  • military coup

  • Remained dictator of spain for 36 years

    • died in power

  • laid ground work for spanish monarchy to be revived

  • aided by German & Italians w/ war material

New cards
82

Autobahn

German highway system?

New cards
83

Reichstag fire

  • Feb 1933

  • Nazis blamed the Communists for it

  • excuse to impose emergency powers under Article 48 for Weimar constitution

  • article 48: allowed emergency provision in difficult times

  • used these powers to intimidate opposition

New cards
84

Paul von Hindenberg

  • reluctantly made Hitler Chancellor in 1933

  • looked to for leadership of the Nazis

  • well known German commander

    • victories on the Easter Front

    • leading into Poland and Russian territory

    • had victories on eastern front

New cards
85

Anschluss

  • annexation of Austria by the Nazis

  • a German word that means “connection” or “joining.” Austria: Maps By annexing Austria, the Nazis violated the Treaty of Versailles and the Treaty of Saint-Germain. These treaties expressly forbade the unification of Austria and Germany.

New cards
86

Nuremberg Laws

  • 1935

  • Nazi imposed laws on Jews to take away civil rights

    • couldn’t enter Germany univ

    • Jews & non-jews couldn’t marry

New cards
87

Kristallnacht

  • night of glass

  • Nov 9-10 1938

  • 260 + synagogues & 7,000 Jewish owned business were destroyed

  • 91 reported deaths

New cards
88

Appeasement

  • Foreign policy of pacifying an aggrieved country through negotiation in order to prevent war.

  • Britain tried with Germany but didn’t work

New cards
89

Neville Chamberlain

  • British Prime minister

  • Tried to get Hitler’s signature on peace, on paper

New cards
90

Munich Conference

  • Hitler, Chamberlain, & Deladier

  • peace paper

  • fake?

New cards
91

Sudetenland

  • western part of Czechoslovakia

  • Hitler tried to annex

  • Czech security & territorial integrity assured by Britain & France

New cards
92

Czechoslovakia

  • was a landlocked state in Central Europe,

  • created in 1918, when it declared its independence from Austria-Hungary

  • In 1938, after the Munich Agreement, the Sudetenland became part of Nazi Germany,

  • while the country lost further territories to Hungary and Poland

  • was formed from several provinces of the collapsing empire of Austria-Hungary in 1918, at the end of World War I

  • was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1938–45 and was under Soviet domination from 1948 to 1989.

New cards
93

World War II

  • as a global conflict that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries, including all of the great powers, fought as part of two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis

  • the largest and deadliest conflict in human history, involved more than 50 nations and was fought on land, sea and air in nearly every part of the world. Also known as the Second World War, it was caused in part by the economic crisis of the Great Depression and by political tensions left unresolved following the end of World War I. The war began when Nazi Germany invaded Poland in 1939 and raged across the globe until 1945, when Japan surrendered to the United States after atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

New cards
94

Non-Agression PAct

  • pact between Adolf Hitler & Joseph Stalin

  • agreed that they would not attack each other & secretly divided the countries that lay between them

New cards
95

Axis

  • Germany, Italy, & Japan

  • Power that formed an alliance during WW2

New cards
96

Maginot Line

  • defenses put in place by France

  • All around German border

  • Left belgium border; Germans just went through there

  • French were meek against Germany

  • Britain was left alone to fight against Europe

New cards
97

“Phony war”

  • early WWII called this in western Europe

  • “Sitzkrieg” making fun of Blitzkrieg

New cards
98

Blitzkrieg

  • Lightning war

  • style of war used by Germany

  • concentration of offensive weapons (tanks, planes, & artillery)

New cards
99

Miracle of Dunkirk

  • evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force and the remaining French forces

  • stranded at Dunkirk

  • Private merchant ships & yachts help around 3,000 men

  • to avoid capture & death by Germans

New cards
100

Battle of Britain

  • Hitler tried to force Britain’s capitulation

  • mostly used German air forces

  • most costly for Germany

  • Germany lost more resources than Britain

  • Britain did not surrender

  • Britain was successful because they had Radar

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3423 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(25)
note Note
studied byStudied by 54 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 110 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5121 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(41)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 178 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 1285 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 141 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(7)