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Derivatives of lux, lucis, f

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Latin

208 Terms

1

Derivatives of lux, lucis, f

elucidate, translucent, lucifer, lucid, pellucid, hallucinate

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2

Derivatives of lumen, lumenis, n

illuminate, bioluminescence, luminosity, luminary, subluminal

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3

Multi famam, conscientiam pauci verentur–Pliny

Many fear their reputation, few their conscience

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4

What made Cicero finally pick a side?

Death of Caesar

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5

Year Cicero was assassinated

43 BC

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6

Speeches of Cicero against Octavian

Phillipics

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7

These parts of Cicero were displayed on the rostra as a warning

his hands and feet

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8

Subjugate

to make somebody your subject

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9

Sub-jugate

under-yoke

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10

Iugum

yoke

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11

Ningit

It snows

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12

Lucet

It is sunny

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13

Pluit

It rains

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14

Tonat

it thunders

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15

Fulget

it lightningings

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16

Fulminet

it lightningings

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17

Grandinat

it hails

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18

Battle of Caudine forks

321 BC, 2nd Samnite war

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19

Leaders at Caudine forks

Gaius Pontius (Samnite) vs Titus Veturius Calvinus and Spurius Postumius Albinus

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20

Reason for defeat at Caudine forks

Army trapped in mountain pass

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21

Humiliation at Caudine Forks

soldiers forced to walk under a yoke

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22

Annhilate

ad + nihil, to nothing

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23

Decimate

punishment of killing every tenth man

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24

Pulverize

from puluis, eris (dust)

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25

Ubi solitudinum faciunt, pacam appellant - Tacitus

When they make a desert, they call it peace

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26

Umbo

boss of the shield

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27

Gladius

short sword

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28

Pilum

throwing spear

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29

Caligae

boots (leather sandals)

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30

Scutum

shield

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31

Galea

helmet

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32

Lorica

breastplate

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33

Balteus

belt across the chest

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34

Sinecure

a job without care, a job with nothing to do

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35

Sine-cure

without-care

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36

Sine qua non

without which not - without which you cannot survive

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37

Use of sine qua non

dramatization, not actually a necessity

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38

Author of Comedies

Plautus, Terence

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39

Author of History

Tacitus, Livy

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40

Author of Natural History

Pliny the Elder

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41

Author of Biography

Suetonius

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42

Author of Satire

Juvenal

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43

Letters

Cicero, Pliny the Elder

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44

Author of epic poetry

Vergil

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45

Author of lyric and love poetry

Ovid, Catullus, Horace

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46

Author of short, witty epigrams

Martial

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47

Older (Golden or before) authors

Plautus, Livy, Cicero, Vergil, Ovid, Catullus, Horace

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48

Later authors

Terence, Tacitus, Pliny (both), Suetonius, Juvenal, Martial

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49

Derivatives of fungor, fungi, functus sum

defunct, function, NFT, dysfunctional

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50

PUFF-V verbs

potior, utor, fungor, fruor, vescor

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51

M.o - modus operandi

mode of operation - usual way of doing things

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52

Modus vivendi

way of living

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53

Spolia opima

rich spoils, three times, single combat by leaders instead of huge armies

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54

Spolia opima 1

Romulus from Acron

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55

Spolia opima 2

Cossus from Mars Tolumnius, mid republic

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56

Spolia opima 3

Marcellus from Viridomarus

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57

Circumlocution

speaking around something

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58

Circum-locution

around-speaking

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59

Prosim - That I may serve

Motto of Virginia Tech

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60

Beloved freed slave of Cicero who wrote down his speeches, maybe invented ampersand

Tiro

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61

Metamorphosis

a change in form

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62

Meta-morphosis

change-shape

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63

Paucity

scarcity, lack, dearth, fewness

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64

Pauci, paucae

a few

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65

Nunc est bibendum

now it must be drunk/now we all must drink

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66

Led a revolt of the Britons during the reign of Nero

Boudicca

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67

Defeated by Gaius Suetonius Paulinus in battle of Watling street

Boudicca

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68

Last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty, descended from Alexander the Great and spoke Greek

Cleopatra

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69

Claimed to have a son by Caesar named Caesarion

Cleopatra

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70

Defeated in battle of Alexandria by Octavian

Cleopatra

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71

Misogyny

hatred of women

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72

Miso-gyny

anti-women

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73

Misanthropy

hatred of human-kind

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74

Invidim privita deduci superbo / non humilis mulier triumpho

hating to be led as a private woman/person, and a not humble woman in a proud triumph

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75

Invidim privita deduci superbo / non humilis mulier triumpho

chiasmus

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76

Derivatives of novus

novel, novice, innovation, renovate, nouveau riche, supernova

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77

Nihil sub sole novem

nothing new under the sun (Book of Ecclesiastes)

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78

After defeat at Pharsalus fled to Egypt where Ptolemy killed him and sent his head and signet ring to Caesar

Pompey

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79

Is said to have cried at seeing Pompey’s head and later killed Ptolemy with the help of Cleopatra

Caesar

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80

Lachrymose/lacrimose

tearful

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81

Ars gratia artis

art for the sake of art

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82

Has the motto of ars gratia artis

MGM studio

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83

Caesar defeated Pompey and put him to flight

Pharsalus, 48 BC

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84

Mark Antony and Octavian defeat Brutus, Cassius et al.

Phillippi, 42 BC

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85

Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra (not portrayed as a civil war)

Actium, 31 BC

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86

Battle of Rome vs. Carthage/Hannibal, one of the greatest one day losses in history (Romans lose)

Cannae, 218 BC

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87

Dies Atri

Dark days

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88

Significance of Dies Atri

Marriages and celebrations didn’t happen on these days due to the connotation they carried (defeats and such)

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89

Ignominious

loss of (good) name

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90

Ig-nomen

not-name

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91

Wife of Cicero

Terentia

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92

Daughter of Cicero

Tullia

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93

Son of Cicero

Marcus

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94

Brother of Cicero

Quintus

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95

Friend of Cicero

Atticus

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96

Scribe of Cicero

Tiro

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97

Cedant arma togae (first said by Cicero)

Let arms yield to the toga

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98

Has motto of cedant arma togae

Wyoming

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99

Ampersand (&)

and per se and

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100

Later Roman author (360) who wrote the Breviarius

Eutropius

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