Human Biology Final Exam

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Match each term to the correct image

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195 Terms

1

Match each term to the correct image

Anatomical Position

<p>Anatomical Position</p>
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2

Match each term to the correct image

Prone

<p>Prone</p>
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3

Match each term to the correct image

Supine

<p>Supine</p>
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4

Interior

Inside

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5

Exterior

Outside

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6

Anterior

Front Side

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7

Posterior

Back Side

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8

Superior

Above

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9

Inferior

Below

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10

Lateral

Toward the sides/away from the middle

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11

Medial

Toward the middle

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12

Proximal

Closer to point of attachment

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13

Distal

Farther from point of attachment

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14

Superficial

Closer to surface (Shallow)

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15

Deep

Farther from surface

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16
<p>The position of this person’s entire body could be described as…</p>

The position of this person’s entire body could be described as…

Anterior and Anatomical

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17

The hand is ______________ compared to the shoulder (assume the body is in anatomical position).

Inferior and Distal

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18

The thigh is ______________ compared to the ankle (assume the body is in anatomical position).

Superior and Proximal

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19

\n The skin is _________ compared to the muscles.

Superficial

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20

The skin is __________________, while the bones are _________________.

External, Internal

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21

The nose, navel (bellybutton), eyes, and mouth are all located on the ____________ side of the body.

Ventral, Anterior

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22

If the navel (bellybutton) lies along the vertical midline of the body, something nearer to the navel would be considered ____________.

Medial

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23

Something farther away from the midline of the body is considered

Lateral

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24

A paper cut would be considered a _________ wound.

Superficial

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25

Another word for anterior is ______________.

Ventral

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26

Another word for posterior is ______________.

Dorsal

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27

Anatomical position words... (Choose all that apply.)

Occur in pairs, Have corresponding words with opposite meanings, Can be used to describe the anatomy of a variety of organisms

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28

The study of the FUNCTIONS of our body’s organs, tissues, and systems is called

Physiology

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29

Responsiveness refers to an organism’s ability to

sense changes and react to them

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30

The dorsal and ventral cavities are filled with organs; as a group they are called

visceral organ

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31

In order to maintain homeostasis, the body requires a constant supply

energy

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32

Metabolism refers to

all the physical and chemical changes that occur in an organism

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33

Fluid that lubricates the organs is called

serous fluid

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34

A group, or mass, of similar cells working together to carry out the same function form

Tissues

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35

The body’s tendency to maintain a stable, balanced internal environment through self-regulating adjustments is called

homeostasis

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36

The parietal membrane is the part that

faces outward, toward the cavity

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37

What happens when the body is unable to maintain homeostasis

illness or death

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38

This system functions in the body’s defense against infection

lymphatic

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39

Hormone regulation and secretion is the job of this organ system

endocrine

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40

The function of this system is to remove wastes from the blood and maintain water balance

Urinary

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41

What organ system functions to transport substances throughout the body

circulatory

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42

A cut that only goes through the layer of skin, would be called

superficial

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43

When cells become specialized to perform a function, it is called

differentiation

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44

Hyponatremia occurs when a person

has too much water in the blood

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45

Muscles or glands that respond to changes in the body, such as sweat glands when body is hot

effectors

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46

Atmospheric pressure is a requirement ofhuman life because it is necessary for

breathing

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47

The normal range for vital signs like temperature, fluctuates around a(n)

set point

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48
<p>Match the body slice on the image →Coronal</p>

Match the body slice on the image →Coronal

B.

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49
<p>Match the body slice on the image- Transverse</p>

Match the body slice on the image- Transverse

C.

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50
<p>Match the body slice on the image- Sagital</p>

Match the body slice on the image- Sagital

A.

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51

What muscle separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity

diaphragm

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52

A body that is face down is in what position

Prone

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53

Which of the following is an example of a positive feedbackloop

milk production and suckling infant

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54

When blood sugar level drops in the blood, the pancreas secretes

glucagon

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55

Which vital sign would indicate thata person has hyponatremia?

urine sodium levels

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56

Match the body region- Cheek

Buccal

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57

Point of shoulder

Acromial

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58

Chest

Pectoral

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59

Foot

Pedal

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60

Upper Arm

Brachial

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<p>Mediastinum</p>

Mediastinum

A

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<p>Pericardial</p>

Pericardial

C

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<p>Abdominopelvic</p>

Abdominopelvic

D

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64
<p>Pleural</p>

Pleural

B

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65

Which of the following is located in the pleural cavity?

lung

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66
<p>On the picture, the letter E represents the</p>

On the picture, the letter E represents the

dorsal cavity

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67
<p>On the picture, the letter B represents the</p>

On the picture, the letter B represents the

diaphragm

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68
<p>Cervical</p>

Cervical

B

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69
<p>Gluteal</p>

Gluteal

D

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70
<p>\n Lumbar</p>

\n Lumbar

C

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71
<p>Femoral</p>

Femoral

E

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72
<p>Cephalic</p>

Cephalic

A

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73

Match the organ to the system-Urinary

Kidney

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74

Match the organ to the system-Nervous

Brain

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75

Match the organ to the system-Integumentary

Skin

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76

Match the organ to the system-Endocrine

Pituary Gland

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77

Match the organ to the system-Digestive

Stomach

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78

A liquid mixture with one component evenly dissolved in another component

Solution

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79

The functions performed by this molecule depend on its shape

Protein

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80

Structural and energy storage molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

Carbohydrate

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81

A pure substance made of only one type of atom

Element

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82

A group of nonpolar macromolecules.

Nucleic Acid

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83

A salt or mineral that, when dissolved in water, cancarry an electric charge in the body

Solute

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84

Of the elements found in the human body, this one is considered the central element because it can form four covalent bonds with other atoms.

Carbon

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85
<p>Which particle represents a neutron</p>

Which particle represents a neutron

B

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86
<p>Which particle will determine the identity of this atom</p>

Which particle will determine the identity of this atom

C

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87
<p>The movement or sharing of what particle determines whatkind of bonds the atom will form?</p>

The movement or sharing of what particle determines whatkind of bonds the atom will form?

A

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88
<p>How many valence electrons are present in this atom?</p>

How many valence electrons are present in this atom?

2

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89

Which of the following is true of electrolytes?

They are ions found in tears, blood, nerves, and muscles.

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90

Blood plasma is a _______________ with water acting as the ______________ and dissolved proteins,electrolytes, glucose, and lipids acting as the _____________.

Solution | solvent | solutes

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91

This bond forms when water molecules attract each other

Hydrogen Bond

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92

The sharing of valence electrons between two atoms creates this bond

Covalent Bond

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93

Forms when one atom takes an electron away from another, forming opposite charges

Ionic Bond

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94

Which of these body fluids would be classified as alkaline, or basic?

Semen, pH = 8.0

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95

Body cells can quickly generate energy by metabolizing _____________________.

ATP into ADP and a phosphate

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96
<p>The image to the right shows five fatty acids found in triglycerides.Given its appearance, what would be an accurate conclusion abouterucic acid and oleic acid?</p>

The image to the right shows five fatty acids found in triglycerides.Given its appearance, what would be an accurate conclusion abouterucic acid and oleic acid?

They each have at least one C=C bond.

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97

Which type of lipid is the biggest component of body fat?

Triglycerides

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98

Lipid hormones such as cortisone, testosterone, and estrogen are classified as ____________ due to therings present in their chemical structures

Steroids

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99

Animals such as humans will metabolize hundreds of excess ________________ like glucose into muchlarger _______________ like glycogen

Monosaccharides | polysaccharides.

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100

Which of these would result in the denaturation of a protein?

Placing it into a strong acid, causing its shape to alter.

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