Constitutional Amendments Review (AP GOV)

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31 Terms

1

Step 1 (common)

Propose

A vote two-thirds (2/3) of both houses of Congress proposes an amendment

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2

Step 1 (uncommon)

Propose

Two-thirds (2/3) of a state legislatures ask for a meeting to propose an amendment. This meeting is called a Convention. The amendment is proposed at the national convention

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3

Step 2 (common)

Three-fourths (3/4) of state legislatures ratify the amendment

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4

step 2 (uncommon)

Three-fourths (3/4) of special state conventions ratify the amendment

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5

1

Guarantees freedom of religion, of speech, of press, right to assemble peacefully, and the right to petition the government.

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6

2

Protects the right to possess firearms.

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7

3

Declares that the government may not require people to house soldiers during peacetime.

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8

4

Protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures.

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9

5

Includes protection against self-incrimination and double jeopardy; guarantees due process of law.

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10

6

Guarantees the right to a speedy, public trial, to confront witnesses, and to legal counsel.

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11

7

Guarantees the right to trial by jury in most civil cases.

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12

8

Prohibits excessive bail, fines, and “cruel and unusual” punishments.

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13

9

Declares that rights not mentioned in the Constitution belong to the people.

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14

10

Declares that powers not given to the national government belong to the states or the people

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15

11 (1975)

Grants states immunity from certain lawsuits.

Limits the power of federal courts to hear lawsuits against state governments brought by the citizens of another state or the citizens of a foreign country

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16

12 (1804)

Separates voting for President and Vice President.

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17

13 (1865)

Abolishes slavery.

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18

14 (1868)

Defines citizenship; prohibits states from denying people due process and equal protection of the law.

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19

15 (1870)

Grants voting rights for African American men

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20

16 (1913)

Gives Congress power to tax incomes

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21

17 (1913)

Requires election of US Senators by good people of a state, not the state legislatures

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22

18 (1919)

Prohibits manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.

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23

19 (1920)

Grants women the right to votes

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24

20 (1933)

Shortens amount of time between election of president and of Congress and start of their term of office.

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25

21 (1933)

Repeals 18th Amendment

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26

22 (1951)

Limits president to 2 terms

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27

23 (1961)

Grants electoral votes and right to vote in presidential elections for the District of Columbia.

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28

24 (1964)

Abolishes poll taxes as qualifications for voting in federal elections.

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29

25 (1964)

Sets procedure for determining presidential disability and succession, and for filling a vice-presidential vacancy.

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30

26 (1971)

Lowers voting age from 21 to 18

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31

27 (1971)

Bans mid-term congressional pay raises

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