Appendicular Skeleton

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Sternum (Composite Bone)

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Sternum (Composite Bone)

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Composite bone

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Manubrium of the sternum

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Body of the sternum

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Xiphoid process of the sternum

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Ribs

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costal

The sternal end of most ribs articulate with the sternum through _____ cartilage

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Costal cartilage

What is the name of the cartilage of the ribs?

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Vertebrosternal ribs (true ribs)

● First seven pairs of ribs

● Directly articulates with the sternum through the costal cartilage

<p>● First seven pairs of ribs</p><p>● Directly articulates with the sternum through the costal cartilage</p>
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vertebrochondral ribs (false ribs)

● Next three pairs after seventh ribs (8, 9, 10)

● Articulates with the cartilage of the seventh rib

<p>● Next three pairs after seventh ribs (8, 9, 10)</p><p>● Articulates with the cartilage of the seventh rib</p>
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floating ribs (flase ribs)

● Last two pairs of ribs (11 and 12)

● No cartilage associated with them

<p>● Last two pairs of ribs (11 and 12)</p><p>● No cartilage associated with them</p>
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Scapula

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acromion

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anterior view of the acromion

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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posterior view of the acromion

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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The acromion of the scapula articulates with _______

The acromonial end of the clavicle articulates with the ______

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lateral view of the acromion

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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Coracoid process of scapula

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anterior view of the coracoid process of the scapula

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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posterior view of the coracoid process of the scapula

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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lateral view of the coracoid process of the scapula

____ view of the ______

<p>____ view of the ______</p>
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(lateral view) glenoid cavity of the scapula

  • always on the lateral side of the scapula!

<ul><li><p>always on the lateral side of the scapula! </p></li></ul>
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The glenoid cavity articulates with

head of humerus

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what feature on the scapula is useful for orientation?

the glenoid cavity because it is alway lateral

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Spine of scapula

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Subscapular fossa of the scapula

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anterior view of the Subscapular fossa of the scapula

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lateral view of the Subscapular fossa of the scapula

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infraspinous fossa of scapula

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posterior view of the infraspinous fossa of scapula

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supraspinous fossa of scapula

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Lateral view of the supraspinous fossa of scapula

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anterior view of the supraspinous fossa of scapula

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posterior view of the supraspinous fossa of scapula

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Medial border of the scapula

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anterior view of the medial border of the scapula

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posterior view of the medial border of the scapula

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lateral border of scapula

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anterior view of the lateral border of scapula

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posterior view of the lateral border of scapula

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clavicle

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Acromonial end of the clavicle

  • flattened end

<ul><li><p>flattened end </p></li></ul>
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Superior view of the acromonial end of the clavicle

  • flattened end

<ul><li><p>flattened end </p></li></ul>
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Inferior view of the acromonial end of the clavicle

  • flattened end

<ul><li><p>flattened end </p></li></ul>
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Conoid tubercle

“cone-shaped bump”

*should always face downward!

<p>“cone-shaped bump” </p><p>*should always face downward!</p>
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In what direction should the conoid tubercle face?

it should always face downward

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Inferior view of the conoid tubercle

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Humerus

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Greater tubercle of the humerus

  • lateral to the head

<ul><li><p><span style="font-family: ArialMT">lateral to the head</span></p></li></ul>
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anterior view of the greater tubercle of the humerus

  • lateral to the head

<ul><li><p><span style="font-family: ArialMT">lateral to the head</span></p></li></ul>
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posterior view of the greater tubercle of the humerus

  • lateral to the head

<ul><li><p><span style="font-family: ArialMT">lateral to the head</span></p></li></ul>
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Lesser tubercle of the humerus

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anterior view of the lesser tubercle of the humerus

<p></p>
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anterior view of the intertuburcle groove of the humerus

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head of the humerus

  • faces medially articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula

<ul><li><p>faces medially articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula</p></li></ul>
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<p>medially because it articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula </p>

medially because it articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula

In what direction does the head of the humerus face (medial or lateral) and how do you know?

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anterior view of the head of the humerus (located on the proximal end)

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posterior view of the head of the humerus (located on the proximal end)

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anatomical neck of the humerus (located on the proximal end)

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anterior view of the anatomical neck of the humerus (located on the proximal end)

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posterior view of the anatomical neck of the humerus (located on the proximal end)

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surgical neck of the humerus

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anterior view of the surgical neck of the humerus

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posterior view of the surgical neck of the humerus

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Capitulum of the humerus (located on the distal end)

<p></p>
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The capitulum of the humerus articulates with the head of the radius

The capitulum of the _______ articulates with the _______ of the _______

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Trochlea of the humerus (distal end of humerus)

  • articulates with the ______ notch of the ulna

<ul><li><p>articulates with the ______ notch of the ulna </p></li></ul>
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The trochlea of the humerus articulates with the trochlear notch of the ulna

The trochlea of the _______ articulates with the _________ _______ of the _______

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anterior view of the trochlea of the humerus (distal end of humerus)

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Posterior view of the trochlea of the humerus (distal end of humerus)

<p></p>
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the head of the radius articulates with the radial notch of the ulna

the ______ of the radius articulates with the _______ _____ of the ulna.

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the head of the ulna articulates with the ulnar notch of the radius

the _______ of the ulna articulates with the _______ _____ of the radius

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the head of the ulna articulates with the ulnar notch of the radius

the head of the ulna articulates with the _______ _____ of the _____

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the distal end of the radius and ulna articulate with the carpals

the distal end of the radius and ulna articulate with the _______

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the distal end of the radius and ulna articulate with the carpals

the distal ends of the ______ and _____ articulate with the carpals

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olecranon fossa of humerus (distal end)

  • articulates with the ____ of the ulna

<ul><li><p>articulates with the ____ of the ulna </p></li></ul>
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posterior view of the olecranon fossa of the humerus (distal end)

the inverse view is not possible

<p>the inverse view  is not possible </p>
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medial epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

*useful for orientation because it always faces inward

<p>*useful for orientation because it always faces inward</p>
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anterior view of the medial epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

<p></p>
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posterior view of the medial epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

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lateral epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

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anterior view of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

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posterior view of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (distal end)

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<p>The lateral epicondyle of the humerus is smaller than the medial epicondyle</p><ul><li><p>lateral epicondyle highlighted'</p></li></ul>

The lateral epicondyle of the humerus is smaller than the medial epicondyle

  • lateral epicondyle highlighted'

The lateral epicondyle of the humerus is smaller/larger than the medial epicondyle

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Ulna

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Olecranon of ulna (proximal end)

  • articulates with ____ fossa of the humerus

<ul><li><p>articulates with ____ fossa of the humerus </p></li></ul>
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<p>The olecranon fossa of the humerus articulates with the olecranon of the ulna</p>

The olecranon fossa of the humerus articulates with the olecranon of the ulna

The _______ fossa of the humerus articulates with the ______- of the _______

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trochlea of the humerus

the trochlear notch of the ulna articulates with the

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Trochlear notch of the ulna (proximal end)

  • radius imaged

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anterior view of the trochlear notch of the ulna (proximal end)

  • inverse view not possible

<ul><li><p>inverse view not possible</p></li></ul>
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coronoid process of the ulna

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anterior view of the coronoid process of the ulna (proximal view)

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anterior view of the coronoid process of the ulna (proximal view)

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radial notch of the ulna

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anterior view of the radial notch of the ulna

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posterior view of the radial notch of the ulna

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Head of the ulna

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anterior view of the head of the ulna

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posterior view of the head of the ulna

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styloid process of the ulna

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