AP GOV Unit 3

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Tenth Amendment

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39 Terms

1

Tenth Amendment

-__________in Bill of Rights, grants all powers not specifically reserved for natl govt to states, often cited in arguments for states rights.

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2

Supremacy clause

-________in Article VI, asserts authority of Natl govt over states (supreme law of the land)

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3

Debate

________ arises over which level has authority (court system determines whether a state or fed.

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4

propose amendments

Powers shared- make & enforce laws, collect taxes, maintain courts, allocate $ for public needs, ________.

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5

Federalism

________ was the compromise between the Federalists and Anti- Federalists at the Constitutional Convention.

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6

-Policies can be made separately (Ex

family & social issues usually addressed by state laws)

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7

-Policies discussed @ both levels (Ex

issues of economy, environment & equality)

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8

Decentralized Government

fed system encourages ______

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9

opportunities for political participation, public involvement, access, state decisions, parties function on 2 levels, elaborate communication

What does a decentralized government offer

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10

Family and social

What policies are generally addressed by state law?

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11

Economic, environment, and equality

What policies are generally addressed by both federal and state?

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12

Court System

______ determines whether state or federal law is constitutional

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13

Mint, economy: foreign and interstate, declare war, manage nat'l military, direct foreign relations

Powers reserved for fed gov

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14

create local level of gov, regulate intrastate trade, hold elections, ratify amendments, conduct social policymaking

Powers reserved for state gov

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15

make & enforce laws, collect tax, maintain court, allocate $ for public need, propose amendments

Powers shared

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16

Enumerate Powers

_______ (Article 1 Sec 8) powers granted to nat'l gov and specifically congress

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17

Implied powers

(established by McCulloch v Maryland) reinforces supremacy of nat'l gov. and elastic clause

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18

Necessary and Proper clause

(Art 1 Sec 8) gives congress authority to pass any laws necessary to carry out duties enumerated in const.

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19

Gibbons v Ogden

expanded congressional power to regulate commerce

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20

Full faith and Credit Clause

(Article IV Sec 1) requires ea. state to formally recognize judgements of other states courts

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21

Extradition

(Art IV sec 2) requires return of fugitive criminals arrested in 1 state in which crime was committed

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22

Privileges & Immunities Clause

(Art IV sec 2) all citizens treated equally when traveling state to state

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23

Dual federalism

most governmental responsibilities dont overlap

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24

Cooperative federalism

shared costs (states receive aid) fed guideline (get funding by follow fed program)

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25

Fisical federalism

system of redistributing fed $ to states by cat and block grant

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26

1/4 of state spending

How much does state spending use federal aid?

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27

Unicameral

Under the First constitution: The Articles of Confederation, USA's congress was _______

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28

James Madison

Principle architect of constitution

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29

3/5 Compromise

provided a formula by which slaves would be counted for apportioning House of Reps

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30

Bill of Attainder

Any law passed by legislature that punished individual without trial violates ______

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31

John Locke

Idea of limiting gov to protect "Life, liberty and property" is generally attributed to ______

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32

promote economic interest of those at Constitutional Convention

Granting supremacy to nat'l gov was done in part to _________

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33

Ex Post Facto Law

law that retroactively changes the legal consequences of actions that were committed, or relationships that existed, before the enactment of the law

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34

Connecticut Compromise

plan proposed (at Const. Convention) that called for bicameral legislature-1 proportional to state population-and one all equal

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35

Judicial Review

Established by Marbury v Madison (1803)

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36

decisive and require board consensus

Policymaking process is __________ with its system of checks and balances and separation of powers

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37

Shay's Rebellion

convinced many founders of the necessity of a gov with a centralized power of military

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38

Article of Confederation

states possessed nearly all power

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39

Constitution

nat'l gov is superior to states

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