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Moronidae Morone chrysops

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1

Moronidae Morone chrysops

*black horizontal stripes on sides *bulkier deep body compared to M. saxatilis

<p>*black horizontal stripes on sides *bulkier deep body compared to M. saxatilis</p>
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2

Moronidae Morone mississippiensis

*black horizontal stripes on sides with lower stripes broken and shifted *second anal spine nearly as long as third *lower and upper jaws even

<p>*black horizontal stripes on sides with lower stripes broken and shifted *second anal spine nearly as long as third *lower and upper jaws even</p>
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3

Moronidae Morone saxatilis

*black horizontal stripes on sides, usually continuous *body more elongate and less deep than M. chrysops

<p>*black horizontal stripes on sides, usually continuous *body more elongate and less deep than M. chrysops</p>
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4

Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris

*5-7 spines in anal fin *dark mottling on body

<p>*5-7 spines in anal fin *dark mottling on body</p>
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5

Centrarchidae Centrarchus macropterus

*7-9 spines in anal fin *dark suborbital bar or tear drop

<p>*7-9 spines in anal fin *dark suborbital bar or tear drop</p>
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6

Centrarchidae Elassoma zonatum

*extremely small *9-12 dark vertical bars

<p>*extremely small *9-12 dark vertical bars</p>
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7

Centrarchidae Lepomis auritus

*opercular lobe black, fleshy, and lacking pale border *vermiculations on preorbital area and cheek

<p>*opercular lobe black, fleshy, and lacking pale border *vermiculations on preorbital area and cheek</p>
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8

Centrarchidae Lepomis cyanellus

*opercular lobe black with pale margin and bony to edge *mouth large with the maxilla extending well beyond anterior rim of eye -vermiculation on head

<p>*opercular lobe black with pale margin and bony to edge *mouth large with the maxilla extending well beyond anterior rim of eye -vermiculation on head</p>
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9

Centrarchidae Lepomis gulosus

*light bars radiating from the opercle *looks a lot like Ambloplites but has 3 anal fin spines

<p>*light bars radiating from the opercle *looks a lot like Ambloplites but has 3 anal fin spines</p>
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10

Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirus

*long pectoral fins that are moderately to sharply pointed and will reach past anterior margin of the eye when depressed anteriorly *opercular lobe completely black and fleshy to its margin *dorsal fin with dusky spot in posterior base, but not always

<p>*long pectoral fins that are moderately to sharply pointed and will reach past anterior margin of the eye when depressed anteriorly *opercular lobe completely black and fleshy to its margin *dorsal fin with dusky spot in posterior base, but not always</p>
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11

Centrarchidae Lepomis megalotis

*opercular lobe dark and fleshy with white margin on its tip *mouth small -vermiculations on the cheeks and opercles

<p>*opercular lobe dark and fleshy with white margin on its tip *mouth small -vermiculations on the cheeks and opercles</p>
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12

Centrarchidae Lepomis microlophus

*opercular lobe bony to margin with a white dot on posterior margin (often concave) that is red in life *long and sharply pointed pectoral fins that extend well past anterior margin of eye and over dorsum if depressed anteriorly or dorsally, respectively

<p>*opercular lobe bony to margin with a white dot on posterior margin (often concave) that is red in life *long and sharply pointed pectoral fins that extend well past anterior margin of eye and over dorsum if depressed anteriorly or dorsally, respectively</p>
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13

Centrarchidae Lepomis miniatus

*pale spots on body (red in life) and cheeks with dark colored spots opercular lobe stiff to its margin *no vermiculations on cheeks -pale spot at anterior end of lateral line

<p>*pale spots on body (red in life) and cheeks with dark colored spots opercular lobe stiff to its margin *no vermiculations on cheeks -pale spot at anterior end of lateral line</p>
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14

Centrarchidae Micropterus dolomieu

*bronze coloration with dark blotches or vertical bars on sides *dorsal spines nearly equal in height

<p>*bronze coloration with dark blotches or vertical bars on sides *dorsal spines nearly equal in height</p>
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15

Centrarchidae Micropterus punctulatus

*wide back lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches *lines of dark pigment spots on the lower sides *dorsal spines nearly equal in height

<p>*wide back lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches *lines of dark pigment spots on the lower sides *dorsal spines nearly equal in height</p>
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16

Centrarchidae Micropterus nigricans

*wide black lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches *tallest dorsal spine more than twice height of the shortest *few scattered flecks of dark pigment on the lower sides

<p>*wide black lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches *tallest dorsal spine more than twice height of the shortest *few scattered flecks of dark pigment on the lower sides</p>
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17

Centrarchidae Pomoxis annularis

*vertical bars on the sides *anal fin with 6-7 spines *length of dorsal fin base is less than the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye

<p>*vertical bars on the sides *anal fin with 6-7 spines *length of dorsal fin base is less than the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye</p>
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18

Centrarchidae Pomoxis nigromaculatus

*lacks vertical bars on the sides *anal fin with 6-7 spines *length of dorsal fin base is equal to the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye

<p>*lacks vertical bars on the sides *anal fin with 6-7 spines *length of dorsal fin base is equal to the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye</p>
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19

Percidae Ammocrypta sp.

*body very slender *color pallid or translucent with little dark pigment *1 anal spine *belly lacking scales

<p>*body very slender *color pallid or translucent with little dark pigment *1 anal spine *belly lacking scales</p>
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20

Percidae Etheostoma blennioides

*frog face *"W" or "U" shaped markings on sides *dorsum with 6-7 saddles

<p>*frog face *&quot;W&quot; or &quot;U&quot; shaped markings on sides *dorsum with 6-7 saddles</p>
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21

Percidae Etheostoma blennius

*frog face *4 distinct dorsal saddles diagonally oriented *first saddle distinctly before first dorsal fin

<p>*frog face *4 distinct dorsal saddles diagonally oriented *first saddle distinctly before first dorsal fin</p>
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22

Percidae Etheostoma caeruleum

*8-10 dorsal saddles *about 10 midlateral dark blotches *lateral line incomplete -has red in the anal fin

<p>*8-10 dorsal saddles *about 10 midlateral dark blotches *lateral line incomplete -has red in the anal fin</p>
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23

Percidae Etheostoma chlorosoma

*blunt, round nose *preorbital bar continuous around snout *suborbital bar typically present

<p>*blunt, round nose *preorbital bar continuous around snout *suborbital bar typically present</p>
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24

Percidae Etheostoma cinereum

*dusky streaks slanting posteriorly (looks like smeared graphite) *males with dorsal fins that are greatly elongated *horizontal rows of spots on the dorsum -one of the most distinct darters and probably of hybrid origin

<p>*dusky streaks slanting posteriorly (looks like smeared graphite) *males with dorsal fins that are greatly elongated *horizontal rows of spots on the dorsum -one of the most distinct darters and probably of hybrid origin</p>
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25

Percidae Etheostoma flabellare

*dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin *striations in caudal fin *gill membranes broadly joined where E. kennicotti has narrowly joined gill membranes

<p>*dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin *striations in caudal fin *gill membranes broadly joined where E. kennicotti has narrowly joined gill membranes</p>
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26

Percidae Etheostoma fusiforme

*very small *highly arches lateral line anteriorly with only 2-3 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin

<p>*very small *highly arches lateral line anteriorly with only 2-3 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin</p>
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27

Percidae Etheostoma histrio

*pair of fused blotches at the caudal fin base in the form of a "filled in B" *lots of dark pigment in blotches on the sides *6 dorsal saddles

<p>*pair of fused blotches at the caudal fin base in the form of a &quot;filled in B&quot; *lots of dark pigment in blotches on the sides *6 dorsal saddles</p>
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28

Percidae Etheostoma jessiae

*6 hourglass shaped dorsal saddles

<p>*6 hourglass shaped dorsal saddles</p>
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29

Percidae Etheostoma kennicotti

*clear at base of dorsal fin with a median dark streak, no dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin, a lot like E. flabellare *dark humeral spot present *caudal fin with vertical stripes

<p>*clear at base of dorsal fin with a median dark streak, no dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin, a lot like E. flabellare *dark humeral spot present *caudal fin with vertical stripes</p>
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30

Percidae Etheostoma nigrum

*dorsum with 6 evenly spaces saddles *a series of "W" "M" or "X" shaped midlateral markings *preorbital bars present that are not continuous around snout *anal fin with 1 weak spine

<p>*dorsum with 6 evenly spaces saddles *a series of &quot;W&quot; &quot;M&quot; or &quot;X&quot; shaped midlateral markings *preorbital bars present that are not continuous around snout *anal fin with 1 weak spine</p>
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31

Percidae Etheostoma oophylax

*3 distinct basicaudal spots *narrowly connected gill membrane *dorsal rays in breeding males develop egg knobs

<p>*3 distinct basicaudal spots *narrowly connected gill membrane *dorsal rays in breeding males develop egg knobs</p>
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32

Percidae Etheostoma parvipinne

*short snout *pale lateral line scales *distinct vertical column of dots on caudal peduncle

<p>*short snout *pale lateral line scales *distinct vertical column of dots on caudal peduncle</p>
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33

Percidae Etheostoma proliare

*small *really long pelvic fins and a row of rectangular blotches along sides

<p>*small *really long pelvic fins and a row of rectangular blotches along sides</p>
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34

Percidae Etheostoma simoterum

*blunt nose *8-9 dorsal saddles with the first one touching the posterior of head

<p>*blunt nose *8-9 dorsal saddles with the first one touching the posterior of head</p>
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35

Percidae Etheostoma swannanoa

*6 dorsal saddles *obvious pale spot just posterior to head and anterior to first saddle

<p>*6 dorsal saddles *obvious pale spot just posterior to head and anterior to first saddle</p>
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36

Percidae Etheostoma virgatum

*gill membranes narrowly connected *sides also with 10-12 horizontal stripes *dark humeral spot present *oblique pale bar bordered by black is present on the cheek

<p>*gill membranes narrowly connected *sides also with 10-12 horizontal stripes *dark humeral spot present *oblique pale bar bordered by black is present on the cheek</p>
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37

Percidae Etheostoma zonale

*6 dorsal saddles *around 10 vertical bars on sides that extend onto belly

<p>*6 dorsal saddles *around 10 vertical bars on sides that extend onto belly</p>
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38

Percidae Nothonotus camurus

*all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band *no white basicaudal spots -sides with fine horizontal lines

<p>*all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band *no white basicaudal spots -sides with fine horizontal lines</p>
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39

Percidae Nothonotus denoncourti

*smallest Nothonotus with distinct saddles just posterior to head and anterior to caudal fin *no horizontal lines like other Nothonotus

<p>*smallest Nothonotus with distinct saddles just posterior to head and anterior to caudal fin *no horizontal lines like other Nothonotus</p>
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40

Percidae Nothonotus rufilineatus

*dark horizontal markings on cheek, often forming two spots *large pair of white basicaudal spots present, often in hourglass shape *all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band

<p>*dark horizontal markings on cheek, often forming two spots *large pair of white basicaudal spots present, often in hourglass shape *all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band</p>
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41

Percidae Nothonotus vulneratus

*median fins with dark marginal bands and NO pale submarginal bands -fine horizontal lines on sides

<p>*median fins with dark marginal bands and NO pale submarginal bands -fine horizontal lines on sides</p>
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42

Percidae Perca flavescens

*distinct dorsal fins *thick bands vertically -it looks like a perch

<p>*distinct dorsal fins *thick bands vertically -it looks like a perch</p>
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43

Percidae Percina aurantiaca

*dark midlateral band or row of blotches *rows of black spots along dorsum

<p>*dark midlateral band or row of blotches *rows of black spots along dorsum</p>
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44

Percidae Percina burtoni

*many dorsal saddles with larger blotches on sides than P. caprodes *circles on dorsum (look like cheerios) *pig-like snout

<p>*many dorsal saddles with larger blotches on sides than P. caprodes *circles on dorsum (look like cheerios) *pig-like snout</p>
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45

Percidae Percina caprodes

*many dorsal saddles *midlateral blotches smaller than in P. burtoni *pig-like snout

<p>*many dorsal saddles *midlateral blotches smaller than in P. burtoni *pig-like snout</p>
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46

Percidae Percina evides

*suborbital bar usually prominent *midlateral blotches becoming shorter and wider posteriorly

<p>*suborbital bar usually prominent *midlateral blotches becoming shorter and wider posteriorly</p>
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47

Percidae Percina williamsi

*head long *sides with 8-14 fused blotches *suborbital bar in shape of sickle

<p>*head long *sides with 8-14 fused blotches *suborbital bar in shape of sickle</p>
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48

Percidae Percina maculata

*middorsal spots that are interconnected with 8 or so lateral blotches, which are not connected to each other *single basicaudal spot that is large and darker than lateral blotches

<p>*middorsal spots that are interconnected with 8 or so lateral blotches, which are not connected to each other *single basicaudal spot that is large and darker than lateral blotches</p>
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49

Percidae Percina nigrofasciata

*midlateral blotches are narrow and elongate *3 vertically arranged basicaudal spots with lower two coalescing with age

<p>*midlateral blotches are narrow and elongate *3 vertically arranged basicaudal spots with lower two coalescing with age</p>
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50

Percidae Percina sciera

*margins of midlateral blotches not distinct and often connected *3 basicaudal spots present with lower two usually partially coalesced

<p>*margins of midlateral blotches not distinct and often connected *3 basicaudal spots present with lower two usually partially coalesced</p>
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51

Percidae Percina vigil

*4 dorsal saddles with anterior most dorsal saddle partially or entirely beneath dorsal fin *posterior margin of 4th dorsal saddle well in advance of caudal fin insertion

<p>*4 dorsal saddles with anterior most dorsal saddle partially or entirely beneath dorsal fin *posterior margin of 4th dorsal saddle well in advance of caudal fin insertion</p>
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52

Percidae Sander canadense

*canine teeth well developed *spinous dorsal fin with horizontal rows of discrete black spots *pigment on sides in large blotches

<p>*canine teeth well developed *spinous dorsal fin with horizontal rows of discrete black spots *pigment on sides in large blotches</p>
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53

Percidae Sander vitreus

*canine teeth well developed *spinous dorsal fin lacking black spots *pigment on sides scattered and more diffuse than in S. canadense

<p>*canine teeth well developed *spinous dorsal fin lacking black spots *pigment on sides scattered and more diffuse than in S. canadense</p>
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54

Cottidae Cottus sp.

*large and wide mouths *3 diagonal dark saddles *spines on the opercle

<p>*large and wide mouths *3 diagonal dark saddles *spines on the opercle</p>
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55

What are the two contested names for this taxon at the genus level?

Stizostedion and Sander

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