Genetics

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127 Terms
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gene

Gen

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genetics

Genetik

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genetic

genetisch

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genome = the complete set of genetic material of a human animal etc.

Genom

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genetic disorder

genetische Störung

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chromosome = the small gene carrying structure found in animal and plant cells

Chromosom

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cloning (n) = using the cells of a plant or animal to create an identical copy of it

Klonen

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(desirable) traits = particular characteristics/qualities

(wünschenswerte) Eigenschaften

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DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid

DNS (= Desoxiribonukleinsäure)

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protein

Eiweiß

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to determine sth.

etw. bestimmen

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determination

Bestimmung

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to be determined

entschlossen sein

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sexual reproduction

sexuelle Fortplanzung

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to inherit sth. (from sb.)

etw. von jem. erben

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inheritance (n) (≠heritage) - the inheritance of traits/land/possessions

das Erbe

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inheritor (person) also: heir (m)/heiress (f)

der Erbe

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heritage

  • features belonging to the culture of a particular society (traditions, languages, buildings ...)

  • person's racial, ethnic, religious, or cultural background

das Erbe

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hereditary = innate

erblich

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hereditary disease

Erbkrankheit

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sequence

Reihe, Abfolge

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to stem from sth.

von etw. abstammen

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to decode ≠ encode

etw. entziffern

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decoding

Entschlüsselung

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reproductive technology

Fortpflanzungstechnologie

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stem cell research

Stammzellenforschung

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to raise a concern

eine Frage aufwerfen

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moral e.g. moral objections (= moralische Einwände)

moralisch

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therapeutic cloning

therapeutisches Klonen

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scientist

Naturwissenschaftler

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science

Naturwissenschaft

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scientific

naturwissenschaftlich

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laboratory short: lab

Labor

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to extract

gewinnen

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extract (n)

Extrakt, Auszug

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to fuse sth. with sth.

etw. mit etw. verschmelzen

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nerve tissue

Nervengewebe

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to implant sth. into sth.

etw. in etw. einpflanzen

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degenerative illness (or disease)

degenerative Krankheit

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technique

Technik, Verfahren

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transplant

Transplantation, Transplantat

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to transplant

transplantieren, verpflanzen

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rejection

Abstoßung, Verweigerung

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to reject sth.

abstoßen, verweigern

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controversial e.g. a controversial issue

umstritten, kontrovers

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controversy

Kontroverse, Auseinandersetzung

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to look into sth. = to investigate sth.

etw. untersuchen/prüfen

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to modify sth. genetically

etw. gentechnisch verändern

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agriculture

Landwirtschaft

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agricultural

landwirtschaftlich

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transgenic

transgen

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engineering (n)

Technik, Ingenieurwesen

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to engineer

konstruieren, entwickeln

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engineer (person)

Techniker, Ingenieur

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genetic engineering

Gentechnik

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to be resistant to sth. = to be immune to

geg. etw. immun/resistent sein

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resistance to sth.

Widerstandsfähigkeit gegen etw.

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human reproductive cloning

Klonen von Menschen zur Fortpflanzung

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(in)fertile

(un)fruchtbar

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(in)fertility

(Un)fruchtbarkeit

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genetic defect

genetischer Fehler/Schaden

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organ donor

Organspender

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to urge sb. to do sth.

jem. drängen etw. zu tun

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urgency

Dringlichkeit, Druck

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urgent

drängend, eilig

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to ban sth.

etw. verbieten

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a ban on sth. e.g. to place a ban on abortions

das Verbot von

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to enhance

verbessern

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enhancement

die Verbesserung

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selective breeding

selektive Zucht, Zuchtwahl

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to breed sth. breed – bred – bred

etw. züchten

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to insert sth. into sth.

etw. in etw. einfügen

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insertion

Einfügung, Einsetzung

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to cross species

Arten kreuzen

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pest

Schädling

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insecticides = crop sprays to kill insects

Insektenvernichtungsmittel

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herbicides = crop sprays to kill weeds

Unkrautvernichtungsmittel

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herbicide resistant

widerstandsfähig gegen Unkrautvernichtungsmittel

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weed (pl. weeds)

Unkraut

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soybean

Sojabohne

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labelling ~ of genetically modified food

Kennzeichnung

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mandatory = compulsory ≠ optional

verbindlich, verpflichtend

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(to) comply with ~ the regulations/requirements

etw. entsprechen, einhalten

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(to) bolster = (to) improve

stützen, verbessern

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