Ch. 9: The Constitution- A More Perfect Union

studied byStudied by 330 people
5.0(7)
get a hint
hint

Ingenious

1 / 57

Tags and Description

58 Terms

1

Ingenious

An especially original, intelligent, or clever idea.

New cards
2

Popular sovereignty

The idea that the government's authority comes from the people.

New cards
3

Domestic

Relating to issues within a country.

New cards
4

Legislative branch

The lawmaking part of government, called the legislature.

New cards
5

Executive branch

The part of government that carries out, or executes, the laws.

New cards
6

Judicial branch

The part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws.

New cards
7

Judicial review

The power of the Supreme Court to decide whether laws and acts made by the legislative and executive branches are unconstitutional.

New cards
8

Separation of powers

Key constitutional principle that divides the functions of government among three branches—legislative, executive, and judicial to prevent any one branch from gaining too much power.

New cards
9

Interstate Commerce

Trade and other business dealings between two or more states.

New cards
10

Discriminate

To treat a person or group unfairly

New cards
11

Federalism

The constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments.

New cards
12

Function

The use or purpose of something.

New cards
13

Interest group

An organization that actively promotes the view of some part of the public on specific issues in order to influence government policy.

New cards
14

Why has the Constitution been effective for over 200 years?

Because it combines a framework for the government with flexibility for change

New cards
15

Why is the Constitution considered a living document?

It has changed with time

New cards
16

What does the Preamble list?

The purposes of the government

New cards
17

Why does the Constitution begin with "We the People?"

To state that government power comes from the people

New cards
18

What does "establish justice" mean?

Why we need federal courts

New cards
19

What is tranquility?

Peace & order

New cards
20

What does the Preamble mean by "provide for the common defense?"

Protect Americans from foreign enemies

New cards
21

Who does "our posterity" represent?

Children, grandchildren, etc.

New cards
22

What is the main job of the Legislative Branch?

Make laws

New cards
23

Why are there two senators from each state?

To balance the rights of large and small states

New cards
24

What is the final step before a national bill become a law?

Approved by Congress and signed by the President

New cards
25

What is the "elastic clause" give Congress the power to do?

Pass laws needed to carry out its other powers

New cards
26

What are the powers of the Executive Branch?

Carry out laws, make treaties, nominate federal judges

New cards
27

What are the powers of the Judicial Branch?

Interpret laws & decides whether laws/actions are Constitutional

New cards
28

What is the purpose of checks and balances?

To prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful

New cards
29

How can an amendment be proposed?

-2/3 vote from both houses of Congress -National Convention called by congress request of 2/3 legislatures of all states

New cards
30

How can an amendment be ratified?

-Approved by the legislatures in ¾ of the states -Approved by the state conventions in ¾ of the state

New cards
31

What powers are shared by the state and national governments?

Raising taxes

New cards
32

How can the U.S. population directly participate in government?

Join interest groups, vote, belong to political parties, etc.

New cards
33

Who has the power to declare war?

Congress

New cards
34

Who has the power to print & coin money?

Congress

New cards
35

Who is the commander in chief of the U.S. military forces?

President

New cards
36

What is the length of a term of office for members of the Senate?

6 years

New cards
37

What is the length of a term of office for members of the House of Representatives?

2 years

New cards
38

What is the length of a term of office for the president?

4 years

New cards
39

How old must one be to hold the office of the president?

35

New cards
40

How many members of the Supreme Court are there?

9

New cards
41

What is the length of a term of office for justices of the Supreme Court?

Life

New cards
42

Who has the power to settle disputes between different states?

Federal Courts

New cards
43

Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?

House of Representatives

New cards
44

Who must approve judges, cabinet members, and ambassadors that the president appoints to government positions?

Senate

New cards
45

Who has the power to veto laws?

President

New cards
46

How many amendments have been made to the Constitution?

27

New cards
47

How many members of Congress are there?

535 (100 in Senate + 435 in House)

New cards
48

What is the "supreme law of the land?"

The Constitution

New cards
49

Who has the power to nominate ambassadors, public ministers, or other officers of the U.S. such as members of the Cabinet?

President

New cards
50

How old must a person be to be elected to the House of Representatives?

25

New cards
51

What fraction of states must approve an amendment to the Constitution?

3/4

New cards
52

How many branches does the American government have?

3

New cards
53

Why does the Constitution establish the principle of majority rule?

So decisions represent what most people want

New cards
54

What is the purpose of checks and balances?

To prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful

New cards
55

What is the main responsibility of the U.S. Supreme Court?

To review laws

New cards
56

What does impeach mean?

To formally accuse the President of crimes specified in the Constitution

New cards
57

What does the Preamble mean by "promote the general welfare?"

Support an economy and society where people can prosper

New cards
58

How is the Constitution organized?

Into parts called articles

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 409 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11701 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(46)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard177 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard138 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard82 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard163 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard64 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)