History Final Exam - DC US History

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Which of the following Native American Civilizations was the only one to develop in what is today South America?

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1

Which of the following Native American Civilizations was the only one to develop in what is today South America?

Incas

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2

Who were the rulers off Spain that sponsored the voyage of Christopher Columbus?

Isabella and Ferdinand

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3

Which of the following was a motivation for the European Exploration of the Americans?

Spreading Christianity

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4

Which civilization did Pizarro conquer?

Incan Empire

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5

Why did the Aztecs think that Cortes was the god Quetzal Quoatl?

He had a beard

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6

What disease helped Cortes conquer the Aztecs?

Small Pox

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7

How did people move up in the Spanish colonial class system?

The class system was very rigid and did not allow a lot of opportunity to move up the social ladder

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8

What country was Columbus from?

Italy

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9

Who argues against De Las Casas in the Valladolid Debate of 1550-1551?

Sepulveda

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10

Which musical instrument may have been introduced by Africans to the Europeans?

Banjo

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11

Which economic system did capitalism replace?

Feudalism

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12

What was the Middle Passage?

The voyage across the Atlantic that brought slaves to the Americas from Africa

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13

Who was the Portuguese Monarch that eventually succeeded in opening a sea route around Africa to India?

Prince Henry

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14

Which European Country was the first to trade for slaves with Africans?

Portugal

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15

Who was the first European to reach India via the route around the tip of Africa?

Vasoconstriction De Gama

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16

How big was an encomienda?

The size of a modern country

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17

What were the rulers of the Benin civilization known as?

Oba

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18

What was the name of the Native American Union that dominated life in what is today the North Eastern United States prior to the arrival of the Europeans?

The Iroquois Confederation

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19

How do scholars believe that Native Americans came to inhabit North and South America?

They immigrated here from Asia over a land bridge

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20

What statement best describes the Colombian Exchange?

The trade in animals and plants across the Atlantic sparked by the voyage of Christopher Columbus

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21

Who was the English leader who tried and failed to establish a colony at Roanoke Island?

Sir Walter Raleigh

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22

Why did the Native American groups side with Cortes against the Aztecs?

The Aztecs were brutal and not well liked

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23

What Spanish explorer gave the Pacific Ocean its name?

Balboa

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24

Which conquistador first landed in what today we call Florida?

Pounce De Leon

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25

How were the conquistadors supposed to treat the native Americans they conquered?

They were supposed to pay them fair wages, convert them to Christianity, and care for their physical well being

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26

What was the peninsulary?

A peninsulary was a member of the highest social class in the Spanish colonies of the New world because they have been born in Spain

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27

Which three areas came together to form the culture and society that today we call the United States?

Africa, Europe, and the Americas

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28

Where was the Aztecs civilization located?

In modern day Central Mexico

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29

Now far North do we think the Aztecs traded?

Texas

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30

What religion did the Songhai civilization believe in?

Islamic

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31

Where were most of the African civilization located?

Western Africa

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32

How did the African’s come to the Americas?

They were brought over via the slaves trade

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33

Who called for the Crusades?

Pope Urban II

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34

Which term best describes how Native Americans were viewed by Europeans?

Savages

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35

Which European power had the best relationship with the Native Americans?

The French

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36

Who was the Spanish priest who advocated for better treatment of the Native Americans?

Bartolommeo De Las Casas

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37

Which of the following explanations best describes the encomienda system?

A system by which the Spanish controlled their newly acquired land

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38

Why did the Spanish intermarry with Indigenous populations more tan the English?

The English came over as families

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39

Which conquistador conquered the Aztecs?

Hernan Cortes

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40

Which of the following one of the first successful British colonies?

Jamestown

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41

Which was the southern most colony of the 13 original colonies?

Georgia

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42

Which modern American city was founded at the mouth of the Mississippi River by the French?

New Orleans

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43

What was Henry Hudson, an English explorer who sailed for the Dutch, looking for when he first sailed up the river which today bears his name?

The Northwest Passage

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44

How were the people who were immigrating to the English colonies best described?

Poor and landless

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45

Which British colony was founded by Quakers?

Pennsylvania

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46

Which of the 13 original colonies was originally founded as a way to relieve overcrowded debtors prisons in England?

Georgia

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47

Who was the founder of the colony of Rhode Island?

Roger Williams

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48

According to the Mercantilist economic philosophy what was the purpose of a colony?

To enrich the mother country

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49

Describe the English policy of salutary neglect?

Very lax enforcement of regulations by the English Crown

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50

Who was the leader who saved Jamestown in the earlier years of the colony?

John Smith

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51

Which cash crop saved Jamestown and is sometimes referred to as brown gold?

Tobacco

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52

Who lead an early rebellion against the colony at Jamestown?

Nathaniel Bacon

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53

Why did rural farmers rebel against Jamestown?

The farmers did not feel that the colony was protecting them from the Native Americans

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54

Which religious group founded the Massachusetts Bay colony?

Puritans

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55

Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony?

John Winthrop

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56

What was the goal of the Puritans when they moved to the New World?

To purify religion

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57

Why did the Puritans want to educate their children?

So they could read the Bible

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58

Why was Rhode Island founded?

Roger Williams was kicked out of Massachusetts Bay

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59

Which colonial leader believed that the church was not necessary to have a relationship with God?

Anne Hutchinson

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60

Where did King Phillip’s War take place?

New England

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61

Which tribal group did Metacomet belong to?

Wompanoag

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62

Who was the impoverished gentleman farmer who lead a revolt against Jamestown?

Nathaniel Bacon

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63

Which of the following best describes an indentured servant?

A laborer who worked for a master in return for room and board for 4-7 years

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64

What colonial region had the most enslaved Africans?

The Southern colonies

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65

Where did most of the German immigrants to the English colonies settle after they immigrated?

West of Philadelphia

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66

Who were the Scottish-Irish?

Protestant immigrants from Northern Ireland of Scottish descent

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67

Which two colonies were most open to other religious practices?

Rhode Island and Pennsylvania

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68

What was the Great Awakening?

A revival intense religious fervor among large numbers of colonial inhabitants

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69

Which statement best describes the Enlightenment?

A time period when scholars advocated for a reliance on human reason and science

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70

What is Mercantilism?

An economic philosophy that says the country with the most gold wins

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71

According to the Mercantilist philosophy how does a country accumulate wealth?

A country has to export (sell) more than they import (buy)

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72

Which of the following best describes the English style of governing her North American colonies known as salutary neglect?

Interfere as little as possible in colonial affairs so that they may govern themselves

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73

What region of the North American colonies grew primarily cash crops?

The Southern colonies

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74

Which colonial region saw greater immigration from Europe during the colonial era?

The Northern colonies

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75

Who was John Locke?

An Enlightenment thinker who had significant impact on colonial thought regarding government

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76

Who were George Whitfield and Jonathon Edwards?

Both were prominent preachers during the Great Awakening?

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77

Who built Fort Necessity?

George Washington

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78

In which modern American city would you find the site of what was Fort Duquesne?

Pittsburg

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79

Why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act after the French and Indian War?

England was struggling to pay for the French and Indian War and they wanted the colonists to help pay for it

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80

What group met in response to the Intolerable Acts?

The First Continental Congress

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81

Where were the first shots of the Revolution fired?

Lexington

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82

What is the Olive Branch Petition?

The Colonists last attempt at a peaceful resolution to the conflict between the Colonies and Britain

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83

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

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84

Which Colonial military victory persuaded the French to lend their support to the rebellious Colonies?

Saratoga

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85

Which battle ended the Revolutionary War?

Yorktown

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86

According to the Treaty of Paris which ended the American War for independence what was the western boundary of the United States of America?

The Mississippi River

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87

In which battle did Molly Pitcher participate?

Monmouth

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88

What did the Articles of Confederation do?

They established a weak central government

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89

Who lead a rebellion in Massachusetts protest high taxes in 1786?

Daniel Shays

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90

According to the Proclamation of 1763 how far west could the colonists move?

The Appalachian Mountains

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91

According to the Stamp Act where would violators be tried?

Admiralty Courts

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92

How did the Proclamation of 1763 change the colonial view of British Law?

The colonists viewed British Law as weak

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93

Why did parliament pass the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and the Quartering Act?

They were heavily in debt from the French and Indian War

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94

What other name is the French and Indian War known by?

The Seven Years War

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95

Where were the Sons of Liberty from?

New England

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96

What was the Gaspee

A British schooner

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97

Which of the following was the leader of the Sons of Liberty?

Samuel Adams

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98

How much tea was dumped into the harbor at Boston during the Boston Tea Party?

15,000 Pounds

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99

What did Great Britain do in response to the British Tea Party?

Closed the port of Boston

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100

Who was the commanding officer for the British at the Battle of New York?

Howe

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