APLAC Midterm Vobaculary Level F Units 1-7

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141 Terms

1

approbation

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

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2

assauge

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

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3

ameliorate

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

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4

aplomb

(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

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5

abominate

(v.) To have an intense dislike or hatred for.

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6

acculturation

(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend

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7

adventitious

(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital

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8

ascribe

(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute

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9

affable

(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

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10

aggrandize

(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater

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11

amorphous

(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion

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12

amorphous

(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion

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13

archetype

(n.) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example of a particular type of person or thing

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14

aura

(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality

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15

amnesty

(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

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16

autonomy

(n.) self-government, political control

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17

axiomatic

(adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule

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18

anomalous

(adj.) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

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19

aspersion

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

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20

austere

(adj.) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor

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21

bombastic

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

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22

blazon

(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely

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23

bizarre

(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical

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24

brusque

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

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25

beneficent

(adj.) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good

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26

coalition

(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

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27

callow

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

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28

circuitious

(adj.) roundabout, not direct

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29

commiserate

(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

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30

contraband

(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited

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31

caveat

(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

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32

cajole

(v.) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

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33

castigate

(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely

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34

contrive

(v.) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan

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35

cadaverous

(adj.) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse

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36

concoct

(v.) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent, fabricate

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37

crass

(adj.) coarse, unfeeling; stupid

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38

decadence

(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

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39

drivel

(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

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40

demagogue

(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

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41

disabuse

(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

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42

debase

(v.) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate

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43

desecrate

(v.) to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute

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44

disconcert

(v.) to confuse; to disturb the composure of

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45

elicit

(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

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46

expostulate

(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

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47

epitome

(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

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48

exhort

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

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49

ex officio

(adj., adv.) by virtue of holding a certain office

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50

enjoin

(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit

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51

expedite

(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster

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52

expiate

(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert

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53

erudite

(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic

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54

equitable

(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

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55

extricate

(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort

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56

ennui

(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

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57

ferment

(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action

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58

filch

(v.) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

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59

flout

(v.) to mock, treat with contempt

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60

fractious

(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

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61

fetter

(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; (v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

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62

gossamer

(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light cloth

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63

grandiose

(adj.) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated

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64

hackneyed

(adj) used so often as to lack freshness or originality

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65

hiatus

(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

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66

heinous

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

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67

innuendo

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

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68

intercede

(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

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69

infringe

(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

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70

ingratiate

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

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71

interloper

(n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

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72

intrinsic

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

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73

inveigh

(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

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74

inadvertent

(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

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75

inscrutable

(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically

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76

insular

(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience

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77

irrevocable

(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back

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78

immutable

(adj.) not subject to change, constant

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79

insurgent

(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority; (adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

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80

inconsequential

(adj.) trifling, unimportant

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81

infraction

(n.) a breaking of a law or obligation

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82

jaded

(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

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83

lurid

(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint

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84

lassitude

(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

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85

meritorious

(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise

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86

millennium

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

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87

megalomania

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

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88

mitigate

(v.) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity

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89

nominal

(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

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90

noncommittal

(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no

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91

occult

(adj.) secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; mysterious, magical, uncanny; (v.) to hide, cover up; eclipse, (n.) matters involving the supernatural

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92

petulant

(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

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93

prerogative

(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence

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94

provincial

(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony

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95

permeate

(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

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96

precipitate

(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process

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97

peculate

(v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use

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98

proclivity

(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

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99

propensity

(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

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100

precept

(n.) a rule of conduct or action

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