disease process and terminology

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

homeostasis

1 / 107

Tags and Description

108 Terms

1

homeostasis

stability of the body

New cards
2

aysmptomatic

showing no symptoms of disease

New cards
3

pathogenesis

development of disease (in stages)

New cards
4

acute

abrupt onset of more or less severe symptoms that run a brief course (usually less than six months) then resolves or results in death

New cards
5

chronic

lasts longer than six months

New cards
6

predisposing factors (risk factors)

makes a person or group more vulnerable to disease (age, gender, lifestyle, environment, heredity)

New cards
7

acute inflammation

normal protective response to injury/disease, accompanied with redness, heat, swelling, pain, and loss of function

New cards
8

widespread inflammation

marked by fever, malaise, and loss of appetite

New cards
9

necrosis

death of tissue

New cards
10

E. coli

colon, manure; causes enteritis infection

New cards
11

Staph aureus

skin, hair, anterior nares,causes wound infection, pneumonia, food poisoning, cellultis

New cards
12

Strep group A

oropharynx, skin, perineal area; causes strep throat, rhuematic fever,scarlet fever, impetigo

New cards
13

strep group b

genitalia causes; urinary tract infection, wound infection, endometritis

New cards
14

mycobacterium

lungs, cause tuberculosis

New cards
15

Neisseria gonorrhoae

genitourinary tract, rectum,mouth, eye; causes gonorrhea, pelvic inflammation, infectious arthritis, conjunctivitis

New cards
16

Ricketsia rickettsii

wood tick, rocky mtn. spotted fever

New cards
17

Staph epidermidis

skin; wound infection, bacteremia

New cards
18

Hepatitis A virus

infectious hepatits

New cards
19

Hepatitis B

serum hepatits

New cards
20

Hepatitis C

liver disease

New cards
21

Herpes simplex

cold sores; meingitis

New cards
22

HIV

Aids

New cards
23

hantavirus

URI infection LRI infection, ARDS

New cards
24

West Nile virus

virus that causes fever and illness -- can cause encephalitis or meningitis or death --bites of mosquitos

New cards
25

Aspergillus

aspergillosis; found in soil and dust

New cards
26

Candida albicans

causes thrush and dermatitis; found in mouth skin colon, genital tract

New cards
27

Plasmodium

found on mosquito which can cause malaria

New cards
28

carcinoma

cancer of epithelial cells

New cards
29

sarcoma

cancer of bone/muscle

New cards
30

lymphoma

cancer of immune system

New cards
31

melanoma

cancer of melanin-producing cells

New cards
32

Metastases

secondary tumors

New cards
33

immunosenescence

gradual deterioration of immune system function

New cards
34

Hgb

measurement of hemoglobin

New cards
35

Hematocrit

percentage of blood volume occupied by red blood cells

New cards
36

Glycohemoglobin

hemoglobin with attached glucose

New cards
37

ESR

rate at which rbc fall out of whole blood to the bottom of the test tube

New cards
38

GTT

fasting blood glucose levels

New cards
39

C reactive protein

Measures inflammation (CHD causes inflammation)

New cards
40

Electrocardiogram(ECG/EKG)

record of the electrical activity of the myocardium

New cards
41

echocardiogram

ultrasound exam of the cardiac strucutre

New cards
42

MRI

uses a magnetic field to visualize internal structurs

New cards
43

CT

radiographic using a scanner system

New cards
44

nociceptors

pain receptors

New cards
45

allergen

a substance that causes an allergic reaction

New cards
46

anaphylaxis

severe allergic reaction

New cards
47

antigen

foreign substance that causes antibody response

New cards
48

asymptomatic

showing no symptoms of disease

New cards
49

auscultation

listening to sounds within the body

New cards
50

cachexia

weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness

New cards
51

carcinogenic

causing cancer

New cards
52

chromosome

structure that carries hereditary material, abnormalities often cause genetic disease

New cards
53

genotype

genetic makeup of an organism

New cards
54

hospice

care for patients with life-threatening or terminal illness

New cards
55

ischemia

an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body

New cards
56

karyotype

a picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs

New cards
57

metastasis

he spread of cancer cells beyond their original site

New cards
58

mutation

a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

New cards
59

oncogene

cancer causing gene

New cards
60

phagocytosis

the process by which cells surround and digest certain particles

New cards
61

somatoform

psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a physical form without apparent physical cause

New cards
62

acetabulum

hip socket

New cards
63

acyanotic

absence of a bluish appearance of the skin and mucous membranes

New cards
64

adenosarcoma

cancerous tumor of a gland

New cards
65

amniocentesis

needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis

New cards
66

anencephalic

born without or with an underdeveloped brain and/or skull

New cards
67

ataxic

irregular, unpredictable respiratory rate and tidal volume.

New cards
68

azoospermia

absence of sperm in the semen

New cards
69

bicornate

a uterus having two horns or horn-shaped branches

New cards
70

contracture

The lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal fibrosis of muscle tissue

New cards
71

dysplasia

abnormal development of tissue

New cards
72

dystrophy

abnormal development or growt

New cards
73

electromyography

a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation

New cards
74

foramen ovale

connects the two atria in the fetal heart

New cards
75

meconium

the first bowel movement of the newborn

New cards
76

meninges

three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord

New cards
77

neonates

newborn babies

New cards
78

pylorus

portion of the stomach that connects to the small intestine

New cards
79

stenosis

narrowing, strictutre

New cards
80

syncope

loss of consciousness or fainting

New cards
81

tachypnea

rapid breathing

New cards
82

trisomy

extra (third) chromosome`

New cards
83

anticholinesterase

New cards
84

autoimmune

diseases in which the body makes antibodies directed against its own tissues

New cards
85

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

New cards
86

hematopoietic

pertaining to the formation of blood cells

New cards
87

hypogammaglobinemia

disorder that occurs in chronic leukemias where B cells aren't mature enough to make antibodies

New cards
88

immunocompetent

ability to develop an immune response or recognize antigens and respond to them

New cards
89

immunodeficiency

immune system with decreased or compromised response to disease-causing organisms

New cards
90

immunoelectrophoresis

test that separates immunoglobulins

New cards
91

immunogen

antigen that induces an immune response

New cards
92

immunoglobin

protein with antibody activity

New cards
93

immunosuppresive

administration of agents that significantly interfere with the ability of the immune system to respond to produce antibodies

New cards
94

keratoconjunctivitis

inflammation of the cornea and the conjunctiva of the eye

New cards
95

lymph

fluid that is circulated through the lymph vessels

New cards
96

lymphadenopathy

any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes

New cards
97

lymphocyte

a type of white blood cell that make antibodies to fight off infections

New cards
98

macrophage

large phagocyte found in lymph nodes and other tissues of the body

New cards
99

IgG

most abundant antibody, located in blood plasma. mostly in primary and secondary immune responses, responsible for Rh reactions.

New cards
100

IgA

located in saliva, mucus, tears, and breast milk. protects mucous membranes on body surfaces or provides immunity to newborns.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 101 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 47 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 61 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 35 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 124 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard61 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard59 terms
studied byStudied by 117 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 413 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)