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excavation (n) /ˌekskəˈveɪʃn/

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105 Terms

1

excavation (n) /ˌekskəˈveɪʃn/

the process of digging or removing earth, stones, or other materials from a site

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2

archeologist (n) /ˌɑːkiˈɒlədʒɪst/

a person who studies human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains

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3

site (n) /saɪt/

a place where something is located or set, especially a place where something historical or cultural is preserved or studied

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4

relic (n) /ˈrelɪk/

an object surviving from an earlier time, especially one of historical or sentimental interest

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5

movement (n) /ˈmuːvmənt/

a group of people working together to advance their shared political, social, or artistic ideas

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6

bronze (n) /brɒnz/

a yellowish-brown alloy of copper with up to one-third tin and sometimes small amounts of other metals, forming hard, thin plates and used for casting sculpture, making medals, etc

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7

hotel (n) /həʊˈtel/

an establishment providing accommodations, meals, and other services for travelers and tourists

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8

vacation (n) /veɪˈkeɪʃn/, /vəˈkeɪʃn/

a period of time spent away from home, school, or business in travel or leisure

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9

adventure (n) /ədˈventʃə(r)/

an unusual, exciting, or daring experience or activity, typically involving some risk

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10

destination (n) /ˌdestɪˈneɪʃn/

a place that someone is going to, often for a vacation or trip

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11

accommodation (n) /əˌkɒməˈdeɪʃn/

a place to live, work, stay or sleep

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12

package (n) /ˈpækɪdʒ/

a group of related items that are sold or sent together

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13

fine (n) /faɪn/

a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule

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14

fare (n) / feə(r)/

the money that you pay to travel by public transportation, such as bus, train, or taxi

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15

wage (n) / weɪdʒ/

the amount of money you earn for working a certain period of time

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16

fee (n) /fiː/

an amount of money paid for a particular piece of work or for a particular service

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17

tuition fee (n) /tjuˈɪʃn fiː/

the amount of money paid for instruction at a school or university

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18

pandemic (n) /pænˈdemɪk/

a disease that spreads over a whole country or the world

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19

admire (v) /ədˈmaɪə(r)/

to respect or think well of someone or something

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20

spectacular (adj) /spekˈtækjələ(r)/

impressive to look at, remarkable

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21

glance (n) /ɡlɑːns/

a quick look, brief view

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22

vision (n) /ˈvɪʒn/

the ability to see or the process of perceiving and interpreting visual information through the eyes and the brain

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23

look (n) /lʊk/

appearance or aspect

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24

view (n) /vjuː/

what you can see, scenery

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25

diary (n) /ˈdaɪəri/

a book in which you write down your personal experiences or thoughts each day

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26

thriller (n) /ˈθrɪlə(r)/

a book, play or film that has an exciting story, often about solving a crime

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27

detective (n) /dɪˈtektɪv/

a person whose job is to investigate and solve crimes

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28

comedy (n) /ˈkɒmədi/

a funny play or film, or a style of acting in which people behave in a funny way

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29

prior (adj) /ˈpraɪə(r)/

happening or existing before something else, earlier

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30

permission (n) /pəˈmɪʃn/

the act of allowing someone to do something, or the state of being allowed to do something

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31

valid (adj) /ˈvælɪd/

based on truth, facts or logic, legally or officially acceptable

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32

licence (n) /ˈlaɪsns/

an official document giving you permission to own, do or use something

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33

application (n) /ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃn/

a formal request for something, often in writing

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34

degree (n) /dɪˈɡriː/

a qualification given for completing a university course

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35

diploma (n) /dɪˈpləʊmə/

a certificate awarded by a school or university to show that someone has successfully completed a course of study

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36

programme (n) /ˈprəʊɡræm/

a planned series of events or a performance

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37

onlooker (n) /ˈɒnlʊkə(r)/

a person who watches an event or situation without being directly involved

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38

sightseer (n) /ˈsaɪtsɪə(r)/

a person who visits a place or area of interest for pleasure or tourism, typically taking a guided tour

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39

viewer (n) /ˈvjuːə(r)/

a person who watches or views something, especially television or movies

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40

spectator (n) /spekˈteɪtə(r)/

a person who watches or observes a public event or performance

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41

voucher (n) /ˈvaʊtʃə(r)/

a piece of paper that entitles the holder to a discount or that can be exchanged for goods or services

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42

receipt (n) /rɪˈsiːt/

a written or printed record of a purchase or payment

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43

ticket (n) /ˈtɪkɪt/

a piece of paper or card that gives the holder a certain right, especially to enter a place, travel by public transport, or participate in an event

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44

brochure (n) /ˈbrəʊʃə(r)/

a small book or magazine containing pictures and information about a product or service

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45

journal (n) /ˈdʒɜːnl/

a periodical publication giving news and opinion on a particular subject or activity

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46

minutes (n) /ˈmɪnɪts/

a written record of what was said and done at a meeting

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47

forecast (n) /ˈfɔːkɑːst/

a prediction of what will happen in the future, based on careful study of past events and trends

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48

flood (n) /flʌd/

an overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits, especially over what is normally dry land

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49

earthquake (n) /ˈɜːθkweɪk/

a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action

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50

landslide (n) /ˈlændslaɪd/

the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff

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51

culture (n) /ˈkʌltʃə(r)/

the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group

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52

polite (adj) /pəˈlaɪt/

having or showing behavior that is respectful and considerate of other people

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53

waiter (n) /ˈweɪtə(r)/

a man whose job is to serve customers at their tables in a restaurant

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54

debt (n) /det/

something, typically money, that is owed or due

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55

tip (n) /tɪp/

a sum of money given to someone as a reward for their services; a piece of advice or useful information

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56

certificate (n) /səˈtɪfɪkət/

an official document that proves that something is true, correct, or genuine

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57

loyalty card (n) /ˈlɔɪəlti kɑːd/

a card issued by a business to reward customers for their loyalty

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58

accessory (n) /əkˈsesəri/

a thing that is added to another thing to make it more useful, versatile, or attractive

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59

discount (n) /ˈdɪskaʊnt/

a reduction in the price of goods or services

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60

abandon (v) /əˈbændən/

to leave someone or something behind, typically in a difficult or dangerous situation

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61

cruise (n) /kruːz/

a voyage on a ship or boat taken for pleasure or as a holiday and usually calling in at several places

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62

excursion (n) /ɪkˈskɜːʃn/

a short trip, especially one organized for a group of people

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63

tour (n) /tʊə(r)/, /tɔː(r)/

a journey or trip, especially for pleasure or vacation

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64

voyage (n) /ˈvɔɪɪdʒ/

a long journey, typically by sea or in space

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65

household (adj) /ˈhaʊshəʊld/

relating to a house or the people living in it

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66

waste (n) /weɪst/

unwanted materials or substances that are discarded or thrown away

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67

classify (v) /ˈklæsɪfaɪ/

arrange (a group of people or things) in classes or categories according to shared qualities or characteristics

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68

station (n) /ˈsteɪʃn/

a place or building where a specified activity or service is based or carried on

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69

runway (n) /ˈrʌnweɪ/

a paved strip of ground on which aircraft land and take off

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70

factory (n) /ˈfæktri/, /ˈfæktəri/

a building or group of buildings where goods are manufactured or assembled chiefly by machine

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71

school report (np) /skuːl rɪˈpɔːt/

a written report on a student's behavior or performance in school

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72

director (n) /dəˈrektə(r)/, /daɪˈrektə(r )/

a person who is in charge of an activity, department, or organization

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73

employer (n) /ɪmˈplɔɪə(r)/

a person or organization that employs people

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74

referee (n) /ˌrefəˈriː/

an official who watches a game or match closely to ensure that the rules are adhered to and to arbitrate on matters arising from the play

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75

scriptwriter (n) /ˈskrɪptraɪtə(r)/

a person who writes scripts for films, television programs, or radio shows

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76

prestigious (adj) /preˈstɪdʒəs/

inspiring respect and admiration; having high status

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77

award (n) /əˈwɔːd/

a prize or other mark of recognition given in honor of an achievement

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78

salary (n) /ˈsæləri/

a fixed regular payment, typically paid monthly or biweekly, made by an employer to an employee, especially a professional or white-collar worker

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79

allowance (n) /əˈlaʊəns/

an amount of money regularly paid to a person, typically to meet specified needs or expenses

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80

budget (n) /ˈbʌdʒɪt/

an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time

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81

obedient (adj) /əˈbiːdiənt/

willing to comply or submit to authority, orders, or guidance

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82

property (n) /ˈprɒpəti/

a possession or the ownership of tangible or intangible things

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83

possession (n) /pəˈzeʃn/

the state of having, owning, or controlling something

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84

furniture (n) /ˈfɜːnɪtʃə(r)/

movable articles that are used to make a room or building suitable for living or working in

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85

belongings (n) /bɪˈlɒŋɪŋz/

the things that a person owns or has with them at a particular time

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86

scientific (adj) /ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk/

relating to or based on science

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87

reward (n) /rɪˈwɔːd/

a thing given in recognition of one's service, effort, or achievement

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88

breakthrough (n) /ˈbreɪkθruː/

a sudden, dramatic, and significant advance or development

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89

foul (n) /faʊl/

an unfair or unlawful act committed on the field of play, especially in sports

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90

fault (n) /fɔːlt/

a responsibility or mistake for which someone is held responsible

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91

mistake (n) /mɪˈsteɪk/

an action or judgement that is misguided or wrong

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92

error (n) /ˈerə(r)/

a mistake, often due to a lack of understanding or information

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93

rent (n) /rent/

a payment made by a tenant for the use of property, land, or other assets

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94

device (n) /dɪˈvaɪs/

an object or machine that has been invented for a particular purpose

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95

tool (n) /tuːl/

a device or implement used to carry out a particular function

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96

musical instrument (np) /ˌmjuːzɪkl ˈɪnstrəmənt/

a device created or adapted to make musical sounds

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97

gadget (n) /ˈɡædʒɪt/

a small mechanical or electronic device or tool, especially one that is ingenious or novel

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98

interest rate (np) /ˈɪntrəst reɪt/

the proportion of a loan that is charged as interest to the borrower

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99

toll (n) /təʊl/

a charge payable for permission to use a particular road or bridge

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100

charge (n) /tʃɑːdʒ/

an amount of money that is asked for goods or services provided

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