Pantazis Final Exam Review Vocab

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Improvident

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193 Terms

1

Improvident

not having or showing foresight; spendthrift or thoughtless

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2

Impending

about to happen, hanging over in a menacing way

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3

Planintive

expressing sorrow

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4

Imperious

arrogantly domineering or overbearing

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5

Emissary

messenger

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6

Tendrils

A threadlike, clinging part of a climbing vine.

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7

Contemptible

deserving contempt; despicable

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8

Dregs

most worthless part; sediment at the bottom of a liquid

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9

Brusqueness

abrupt in manner; blunt; rough

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10

Plait

a hairdo formed by braiding or twisting the hair

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11

Valedicition

farewell speech

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12

Arduous

difficult

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13

Reveled

celebrated

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14

Pottage

soup or stew

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15

Grandees

rulers

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16

Taut

tight

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17

Harbringer

an omen or sign

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18

Copiously

large in quantity or number; abundant; plentiful

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19

Coiffure

hairstyle

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20

Specious

superficially plausible, but actually wrong

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21

Agillity

ability to move the body and change direction quickly

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22

Devoid

lacking

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23

Manifest

obvious

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24

Communal

used or shared in common by everyone in a group

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25

Esoteric

intended for or understood by only a small group

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26

Approbation

approval

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27

F slurs (otherwise quizlet censors it)

sticks

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28

Trifle

a thing of little value or importance

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29

Forsook

abandoned

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30

Lest

unless

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31

Incipient

beginning to exist or appear

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32

Tethered

tied

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33

Raffia

plant material

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34

Tumult

commotion; ruckus

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35

Mirthless

joyless

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36

Abomination

something that causes great horror or disgust

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37

Callow

young and inexperienced

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38

Fetishes

objects of worship

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39

Miscreant

a vicious person

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40

Caste

a rigid and hereditary social class

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41

Adherents

believers, followers

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42

Atonement

reparation for a wrong or injury

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43

Blashphemous

sacrilegious against God or sacred things; profane

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44

Ostricize

to exclude from a group

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45

Tuber

edible root (i.e. potato, carrot, turnip)

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46

Wherewithal

ability

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47

Irreparable

incapable of being repaired

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48

Resilient

quick to recover

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49

Dispensation

a special allowance; privilege

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50

Akin

related to or alike

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51

Expedient

a means to an end

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52

singlets

undershirts

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53

clamoring

a loud uproar, as from a crowd of people

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54

Amulet

ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

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55

Wan

pale

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56

Guttural

produced in the throat; harsh; rasping; throaty

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57

Palaver

idle talk

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58

Infuriating

causing anger or outrage

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59

Superfluous

unnecessary

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60

Resolute

determined

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61

Enthralled

fascinated

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62

antipathy

(n.) a strong dislike, hostile feeling

Syn: hostility, enmity, aversion, bad blood

Ant: attraction, appeal, allure, sympathy

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63

applicable

(adj.) capable of being applied; relevant, suitable

Syn: appropriate, fit, apt, apposite

Ant: inappropriate, unsuitable, irrelevant

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64

asset

(n.) something of value; a resource; an advantage

Syn: property, possession, holding, endowment

Ant: drawback, handicap, liability

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65

beset

(v.) to attack from all sides; to surround, hem in; (adj., part.) harassed, troubled; studded (as with jewels)

Syn: (v.) assail, harass, badger, pester, torment

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66

compassion

(n.) sympathy for another's suffering; pity

Syn: concern, commiseration, empathy

Ant: indifference, callousness, heartlessness

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67

decorum

(n.) proper behavior, good taste; orderliness

Syn: seemliness, good form, propriety

Ant: impropriety, bad form, bad taste

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68

duress

(n.) compulsion by threat; forcible confinement

Syn: intimidation, coercion

Ant: persuasion, coaxing, sweet talk, cajolery

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69

exuberant

(adj.) high-spirited, enthusiastic, unrestrained; excessive, abundant

Syn: lively, ebullient, irrepressible, lavish

Ant: depressed, despondent, sulky, restrained

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70

facsimile

(n.) an exact copy

Syn: replica, duplicate, reproduction, clone

Ant: variation, modification, permutation

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71

imbibe

(v.) to drink; to take in, absorb

Syn: swallow, gulp, quaff, assimilate, digest

Ant: eject, emit, expel, discharge

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72

implacable

(adj.) not to be satisfied or pacified; unyielding

Syn: relentless, inexorable, unappeasable

Ant: lenient, indulgent, permissive, flexible

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73

infinitesimal

(adj.) so small as to be almost immeasurable; minute

Syn: tiny, minuscule, microscopic, unnoticeable

Ant: vast, immense, huge, infinite

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74

innocuous

(adj.) harmless, inoffensive; insignificant

Syn: feeble, impotent, unobjectionable, insipid Ant: harmful, dangerous, pernicious, toxic, virulent

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75

militate

(v.) to have effect or force on or against someone or something, fight against

Syn: counter, oppose, work against

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76

patent

(n.) exclusive rights over an invention; copyright; (v.) to arrange or obtain such rights; (adj.) plain, open to view; copyrighted

Syn: (n.) exclusive, license; (adj.) evident

Ant: (adj.) concealed, hidden, secret, clandestine

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77

prowess

(n.) distinguished bravery; superior skill or ability

Syn: valor, courage, heroism, mastery, proficiency

Ant: cowardice, incompetence, ineptitude

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78

sedate

(adj.) quiet, settled, sober; (v.) to administer a tranquilizer

Syn: (adj.) unruffled, composed, cool and collected

Ant: (adj.) loud, brash, flashy, flamboyant, garish, flighty

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79

stentorian

(adj.) extremely loud

Syn: thundering, booming, deafening, earsplitting

Ant: hushed, inaudible, whispered, mute

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80

stipulate

(v.) to arrange specifically; to require as a condition of agreement

Syn:specify, contract, provide for

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81

ultimatum

(n.) a final proposal or statement of conditions

Syn: final terms

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82

alacrity

(noun) a cheerful readiness; brisk and eager action

syn: promptness, willingness, dispatch, celerity ant: reluctance, unwillingness, hesitancy

Neighbors responded with alacrity to the woman's cry for help.

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83

alleviate

(verb) to relieve, make more bearable

syn: lesson, lighten, allay, mitigate, assuage

The doctors and nurses did everything they could to alleviate the patient's severe pain.

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84

antithesis

(noun) the direct opposite, a sharp contrast

syn: contrary, antipode

Discriminatory practices may be said to constitute the very antithesis of our nation's democratic ideals.

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85

appall

(verb) to fill with dismay or horror

syn: shock, stun, stupefy, horrify ant: please, cheer, gladden, elate, exhilarate

The assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963 appalled the nation and the world.

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86

bellicose

(adjective) warlike in manner or temperament; quarrelsome

syn: aggressive, combative, belligerent ant: amicable, peaceable, conciliatory, pacific

Teddy Roosevelt's foreign policy was often driver by a rather bellicose brand of patriotism.

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87

disparage

(verb) to belitte, speak slightingly of; to undervalue

syn: degrade, decry, run down, underrate ant: praise, extol, laud, plug

Don't you think voters are getting awfully tired of listening to politicians disparage their opponents' voting records?

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88

dissonant

(adjective) not in harmony; disagreeing, at odds

syn: grating, strident, unmelodious, irreconcilable ant: harmonious, agreeing, euphonious

The clamor of dissonant voices could be heard clearly through the closed doors of the meeting room.

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89

droll

(adjective) amusingly odd

syn: comical, humorous, whimsical, zany ant: humorless, solemn, dour

The hero or heroine of a popular sitcom may be surrounded by a cast of droll eccentrics.

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90

edict

(noun) an order issued by someone in authority

syn: command, decree, proclamation

Only in fairy tales can human unhappiness and misery be banished forever by royal edict.

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91

elucidate

(verb) to clarify, explain

syn: interpret, expound, explicate ant: obscure, becloud, muddy, obfuscate

The precise meaning of a passage in Middlemarch is sometimes hard to elucidate.

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92

laud

(verb) to praise

syn: hail, extol, glorify, exalt ant: criticize, censure, belittle, disparage

At the assemble the principal lauded both students and teachers for the schoolwide improvement in reading scores.

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93

loll

(verb) to act in a lazy manner; to lounge; to recline, droop

syn: loaf, loiter, sag, dangle

There is nothing I would rather do on a hot, humid summer afternoon than loll in a hammock under a tree.

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94

loquacious

(adjective) talkative, wordy; fond of talking

syn: gossipy, voluble, garrulous, long-winded ant: silent, reticent, closemouthed, terse, taciturn

My dinner companion was so loquacious that our conversation quickly turned into a monologue.

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95

magnanimous

(adjective) generous in forgiving, above small meanness

syn: unselfish, charitable, noble, bighearted ant: petty, selfish, unforgiving, spiteful

The general's victory was so decisive that he could afford to be magnanimous toward his former enemies.

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96

mandatory

(adjective) required, obligatory

syn: compulsory, requisite, imperative ant: optional, voluntary, discretionary

A union contrast may stipulate that members are t0 receive a mandatory annual cost-of-living increase.

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97

nondescript

(adjective) ordinary, not outstanding; not easily classified

syn: plain, unremarkable, unimpressive ant: distinctive, remarkable, vivid, prepossessing

Fashion critics judged the designer's clothing like to be disappointingly nondescript.

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98

phlegmatic

(adjective) slow-moving, sluggish; unemotional

syn: lethargic, indolent, torpid, stolid, impassive ant: emotional, sensitive, thin-skinned, excitable

Sloths are such phlegmatic creature that they have earned the reputation of being the slowest animals on Earth.

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99

rescind

(verb) to repeal, cancel

syn: withdraw, revoke, retract, annul, abrogate ant: affirm, endorse, uphold, ratify

A sitting Congress sometimes rescinds statutes passed by its predecessors.

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100

vivacious

(adjective) lively, sprightly, full of energy

syn: spirited, animated, ebullient ant: dull, spiritless, listless, indolent, languid

A vivacious individual will certainly never lack for companions.

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