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William byrd

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1

William byrd

English composer

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2

don juan of austria

-bastard son of Charles v -fights the ottoman turks at lepanto

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3

Thomas tallis

English composer, mostly all vocal pieces

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4

st francis xavier

-greatest evangelist, 30k converts -travels everywhere, learns all the languages -taught poor children

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5

st Ignatius Loyola

-Spanish soldier who converts -religious order of trained soldiers = Jesuits -writes spiritual exercises

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6

pope Julius II

-warrior pope named after Caesar -leads Italian armies against enemies -exiled Borgias -rebuilt st peters -starts swiss guard

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7

durer

-greatest wood carver ever -photo realistic paintings -the "da vinci" of the german era

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8

pope paul ii

buys art for vatican

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9

Bruegel the elder

-dutch/flemist who likes to paint landscape

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10

Josquin de prez

-amazing musician, first polyphony master

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11

el greco

-best Spanish painter -colors and elongated shapes

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12

henry viii

-8 wives (rizz) -fat! -gets annulment from catherine of aragon -1534: act of supremacy- becomes pope of English church

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13

st Thomas more

-writes "Utopia" -humanist, lord high chancellor of England -some beef with luther

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14

pope alexander VI

-house of Borgia -multiple wives and illegitimate kids -prince of Italy and excellent Politian

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15

queen Isabella of spain

-fixes economy and crime -finances columbus' voyage -expels jews and muslims -great catholic (according to mr ghandhi but thats not true at all she literally is a horrible person but okay!) -sets up government

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16

Giordano bruno

-myth: "he is first martyr for science" -not a scientist, he just believes a lot of theories -most likely executed because of heresy, not science

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17

tycho brahe

-greatest pre telescope astronomer -Tychonian model, observes supernova -drunk moose, golden nose

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18

the renaissance big 3

-Da Vinci (hyper realistic -Michelangelo (best sculptor ever) -Raphael

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19

Tomas Victoria

Spanish composer born after reformation

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20

petrarch

-2nd most famous Italian poet -hates scholasticism -invented term "dark age" -writes about lover "laura" -self aware--> writes "secretum"

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21

lorenzo de medici

-head of italic league(ensures peace in Italy) -fighting against Hapsburgs and France (trying to take over Italy)

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22

Nicolaus Copernicus

-first major Heliocentrist proponent, Polish -simplifies the math -doesn't publish heliocentrist stuff til death bed because theres evidence against it, and people have believed in geocentrism forever. -myth that he doesnt publish bc he's scared of the church

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23

palestrina

Italian composer known for peaceful style

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24

rabelais

-French author who writes gargantua and Pantagruel -language master

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25

William cecil

-powerful protestant cheif advisor of elizabeth I -had blackmail on her

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26

martin luther

-monk that writes 95 thesis

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27

-botticelli

personalized style for drawing people that made them glow and float

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28

Charles V

-Q. Isabella's grandson -holy roman emperor, ruled 1/4 of his reign on the road -fights the ottoman turks

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29

donatello

-Florentine sculptor who added more dimension -"the titanic sculptor"

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30

giotto

-FRESCOESss -starts to break out of stiff, byzantine look, but till 2d -spent all his money on blue

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31

erasmus

-prince of the humanists -dutch philosopher -HUGE author - super popular books

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32

anne boleyn

henry viii's first mistress who wants to become queen so he gets annulment from his first wife (catherine of aragon)

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33

mary queen of scots

rightful queen of Scotland, imprisoned by Elizabeth I

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34

bloody mary (mary I)

queen of England who tries to bring back Catholicism, but dies shortly after coronation

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35

elizabeth I

-Anne Boleyn and Henry viii's daughter -last house of tudor -fairly tolerant -declared illegitimate -no systematic persecutions

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36

ronsard

-prince of French poets -best at "Pleiades"

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37

dante

-writes divine comedy

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38

pope leo X

-a medici, nearly bankrupts Vatican -this starts reformation bcs of indulgences

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39

machiavelli

French diplomat who writes "the prince"

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40

garilasco

Spanish soldier, sonnet master

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41

tasso

Italian author of "Jerusalem Reconquered"

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42

calvin

-writes "institutes of Christian religion (major book of Calvinist doctrine) -he provides the stability that protestants need after luther dies -sole ruler of geneva

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43

montaigne

-French writer regarded as the originator of the modern essay -writes diaries -attempts opinions, thoughts, and a true autobiography

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