BJU World Studies Chapter 7

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Iroquois

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39 Terms
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Iroquois

6 tribes of the eastern US woodlands (New York) that spoke a common language in the 15th century

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Mayan

developed an accurate calendar, superior writing (compared to any other civilization in the New World), accomplished mathematicians and astronomers, built pyramids similar to the ones found in Egypt

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Dead Reckoning

sailing technique using astrolabe, compass, maps and speed to chart course on an open ocean

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King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

financed the explorations of Christopher Columbus

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Cape of Good Hope

located at the southern tip of Africa

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Incan empire

South America along the Andes Mountains

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Pueblos

Southwest North American Indians who lived in caves and/or small villages built of dried clay (adobe)

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Plains Indians

North American Indians that migrated over grasslands of the Great Plains and lived in tepees. (Sioux, Cheyenne, Crow, Blackfeet and Comanche)

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Mound Builders

Eastern North American Indians who built earthen mounds that served as grave sites, temples, effigy mounds.

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Mayan empire location

Central America near Guatemala and the Yucatan Penisula

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Aztec empire location

Central Mexico

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Aztec capitol

Tenochtitlan (built on an island in the middle of a lake).

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Aztec society characteristic

war and warriors

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Quetzalcoatl

Aztec god who once lived and promised to return in the future. This belief made the Aztecs open to deception by the Spanish conquerors.

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Aztec punishment for adultery

stoning

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Incan Capitol

Cuzco

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Venetians

among the first to use cannons aboard ships

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Siam

ancient name for Thailand. Traded with Portuguese beginning in 16th century. Succesfully avoided European colonization

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Bartolomeu Dias

Explored the new world for Portugal, First to find a route around Africa

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Atahualpa

The last Inca ruler before the Spanish arrived

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Lima, Peru

Built on the former Inca capitol of Cuzco

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Motives for European exploration

Political, Social, Religious (Crusades), Economic

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Portugal

First European nation to make contact with China

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Diseases

killed many Indians - brought by European explorers

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Roman Church

Protected the Indians against abuses by the Spanish explorers

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Tobacco

Naturally grown crop in the New World. A more potent European variety was brought to New World that devastated soil nutrients.

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Queen Elizabeth I

financed Sir Francis Drake's explorations for England - traveled around the world

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Francis Xavier

Jesuit missionary to Japan

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Ferdinand Magellan

Spanish explorer that named the Pacific Ocean in 1519. Killed in the Philippians. His crew continued onward to sail around the world.

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Caravel

ship designed for efficient ocean travel

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Hernando Cortez

Conquistador who defeated and colonized the Aztecs in 1519

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Francisco Pizarro

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Incas in 1531

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Vasco da Gama

Portuguese explorer that was the first to find a trade route to India by rounding the tip of Africa and sailing up the east coast of Africa in 1497

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Christopher Columbus

Portuguese explorer (funded by Spain) who sailed west in 1492 and discovered a new continent.

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Bartolome' Las Casas

Catholic missionary to the Indians in Latin America

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Astrolabe

Sailing instrument used to measure the angle between the sun or moon and the horizon

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Mexico City, Mexico

Built on the former Aztec capitol of Tenochtitlan

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Canton

Coastal Chinese city

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Inca Empire

Suffered from plague six years BEFORE Pizarro and the Spanish conquistadors. No satisfactory source for the outbreak has been determined

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