AP Psychology Unit 3 Review: Sensation and Perception 

studied byStudied by 7 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Visual acuity

1 / 67

Tags and Description

68 Terms

1

Visual acuity

__________ is the measure of the ability of the eye to distinguish shapes and the details of objects at a given distance

New cards
2

Convergence

_________ is the ability for the eyes to team together to focus on a target at an up-close range

New cards
3

transduction

_________ is responsible for the conversion of physical energy to neural impulses

New cards
4

cochlea; retina

transduction for hearing takes place in the _______; for vision in the ________

New cards
5

amplitude

loudness is determined by sound _______

New cards
6

optical illusions like the Ponzo illusion

perception is not an exact internal copy of the world, but based on our experiences as shown by _______

New cards
7

brain

Sensory pathways carry information from the sense organs to the _______

New cards
8

the intensity of a stimulus and its corresponding psychological sensation

Ernst Weber and Gustave Fechners psychophysical laws concern the relation between _________

New cards
9

figure-ground

The Gestalt principle that refers to an individual's tendency to perceive an incomplete figure as a whole is called __________

New cards
10

occipital lobe

The visual cortex is located within the _________

New cards
11

Location of sound

_________ is our ability to identify the location or origin of a detected sound in direction and distance

New cards
12

optic nerve

The blind spot refers to the region of the eye at which the _______ leaves the eye

New cards
13

brightness

The intensity of light is our perception of _______

New cards
14

Feature detectors

__________ are neurons that are turned on or off by specific features of visual stimuli like edges and movement

New cards
15

color constancy

A green apple looks green in dim light and bright in sunshine because of ________

New cards
16

auditory cortex of the temporal lobes

auditory signals are processed in the _______

New cards
17

peripheral vision

In the dark, an object is more clearly seen when viewed in ________ than when viewed directly.

New cards
18

hue

The pitch of a sound is analogous to which feature of light?

New cards
19

brightness

The perception of _________ is related to the intensity of light

New cards
20

brain

Sensory pathways carry information from the sense organs to the ________

New cards
21

transduction

_______ is responsible for the conversion of physical energy to neural impulses

New cards
22

changes

Sensory receptors play a key role in detecting in the external world _______

New cards
23

amplitude

Loudness is determined by sound _______

New cards
24

perception

__________ is heavily influenced by a persons expectations

New cards
25

brightness

The intensity of light is our perception of __________

New cards
26

amplitude; frequency

Physical properties of sound include __________ and _________

New cards
27

difference threshold

____________ is the smallest change in physical energy between 2 stimuli that is recognized as different

New cards
28

just noticeable difference

Starbucks is careful not to change its packaging too much to keep it beneath the __________

New cards
29

frequency

_________ is the number of vibrations a sound wave completes in a given time

New cards
30

timbre

You can tell who is singing "I'll Be There" (Mariah Carey or the Jackson 5) because of _________

New cards
31

stimulus features

Top-down processing DOES NOT emphasize __________

New cards
32

perceptual constancy

A bus moves towards you; you don't perceive it as growing larger because of __________

New cards
33

Gestalt psychology

"The whole is other than the sum of its parts" reflects ____________

New cards
34

depth perception

The visual cliff tests infants on ___________

New cards
35

color constancy

A green apple looks green in dim light and bright in sunshine because of ___________

New cards
36

perceptual set

If you see the old lady first and then see her in the ambiguous picture it demonstrates ___________

New cards
37

kinesthetic sense

Carolines ___________ provides her with information regarding her body position when she is driving

New cards
38

brightness

The perception of ___________ is related to the intensity of light

New cards
39

the binding problem

___________ refers to the fact we don't know how the brain combines features into a single percept

New cards
40

sensory adaptation

The fish market doesn't smell as bad when I leave because of ___________

New cards
41

vibrate

Strumming a guitar causes the surrounding air to ___________

New cards
42

pitch

Whether a sound has a high or low ___________ refers to its frequency

New cards
43

bottom up

Sensory DATA is analyzed in ___________ processing

New cards
44

the moon at night; a yellow jeep

Rods are photoreceptors that allow us to perceive ___________ while cones allow us to see ___________

New cards
45

color constancy

The concept of ___________ explains why a red dress looks red in dim light and bright sunshine

New cards
46

auditory cortex of the temporal lobes

Auditory signals are processed in the ___________

New cards
47

optic nerve

The blind spot refers to the region of the eye at which the ___________ leaves the eye

New cards
48

perceptual constancy

As a pterodactyl flies towards you, you don't perceive it as growing larger because of ___________

New cards
49

color; brightness

Wavelength translates into ___________ while intensity will affect the of what we see ___________

New cards
50

occipital lobe

The visual cortex is located within the ___________

New cards
51

sensation; perception

Tasting pizza is ______, remembering that you hate the taste of pizza is _______

New cards
52

straight ahead

We see color better when we look ___________

New cards
53

to the sides

We see in dim light better when we look ___________

New cards
54

law of continuity

When we see a line take a 90 degree turn we still perceive it as the same line due to the ___________

New cards
55

balance and body position

Fluid movement in the semicircular canals in the inner ear help you with ___________

New cards
56

color and pitch

Wavelength gives us ___________

New cards
57

more sensitive; found in the fovea

This phenomenon occurs because the rods located in the retina are ___________ in the dark than cones and are not ___________

New cards
58

brain; incomplete

A reason that one typically does not notice a blind spot in the visual field is that the __________ fills in missing information so there is no awareness that the visual field is ___________

New cards
59

hammer; anvil; stirrup

Damage to the _______, the _________, and the _________ best explains conduction deafness

New cards
60

opponent process theory

Negative afterimages are explained by the ___________

New cards
61

occipital cortex

Where in the visual system are feature detectors located?

New cards
62

cochlea

Balance is influenced by the ___________

New cards
63

fovea

Visual acuity is best in the ___________

New cards
64

rods and cones, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, optic nerve

What is the correct path a neural impulse will follow through the different layers of the retina?

New cards
65

visual cortex

His visual problems most likely came from processing difficulties in the ___________

New cards
66

Gate control theory; spinal cord

___________ is the theory of pain sensitivity; explains pain impulses sent to the brain are controlled by the ___________

New cards
67

Kinesthesia

___________ is the awareness of the position and movement of the parts of the body by means of sensory organs in muscles and joints

New cards
68

Selective attention

___________ is the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9120 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(22)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard135 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 55 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard68 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard26 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard79 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 108 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)