Colonization PBO Vocabulary

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29 Terms

1

Explain

​ make (an idea, situation, or problem) clear to someone by describing it in more detail or revealing relevant facts or ideas.

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2

Analyze

​To break into smaller components for the purpose of study or examination.

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3

Characterize

​a feature or quality belonging typically to a person, place, or thing and serving to identify it

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4

De facto

​a term which means in practice, but not necessarily, ordained by law. In James Oglethorpe's case, he was never officially proclaimed a leader or governor of Georgia, but he was the only trustee to come to the colony who took on the position

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5

Charter of 1732

​ the document that formally established the colony of Georgia; outlines the reasons for Georgia's founding and the regulations set up by the trustees.

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6

Debtor

​someone who owed more money to creditors than they had. In 18th Century England, creditors could have those who owed them money that could not pay it back immediately placed in debtor's prisons.

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7

Defense​

resistance against attack; protection. Colony was to serve as a defensive buffer between Spanish Florida and the successful English colony of South Carolina

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8

Ebenezer/New Ebenezer ​

towns established by the Salzburgers

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9

Economics​

the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The English hoped that Georgia would be able to produce wine, rice, silk, and indigo.

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10

Highland Scots ​

from the Highlands of Scotland; known as some of the best fighters in Europe in the 1700's. James Oglethorpe brought a group to Georgia to serve as soldiers for the colony. The Highland Scots founded the town of Darien.

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11

Indigo​

a plant used to produce a blue dye

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12

James Oglethorpe​

often referred to as the founder of Georgia; one of 21 trustees who was responsible for governing the colony

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13

Mary Musgrove​

Creek Indian woman served as a liaison between the British and Native Americans to help with communication, trading, and to help keep peace

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14

Mercantilism

​ the English economic policy focused on exporting more than importing

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15

Mulberry Trees

​used in the production of silk. The silk worms were placed on the trees and used the leaves as food. The Georgia colonists were required to set aside a portion of their land to grow the trees.

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16

Philanthropy ​

one of the three reasons for Georgia's founding. James Oglethorpe and other trustees hoped to bring debtors and England's "worthy poor" to the colony to begin new lives. However, no debtor was ever released from debtors' prison to come to Georgia. At one time, the term charity was used.

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17

Savannah​

formally known as Yamacraw Bluff; first settlement in Georgia and capital of Georgia; founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe

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18

Tomochichi

​a Yamacraw chief who helped Oglethorpe to choose the location for his first settlement.

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19

W.R.I.S.T. crops ​

crops produced in the Georgia colony: wine, rice, indigo, silk, and tobacco.

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20

Worthy poor ​

people in debtor's prison who Oglethorpe believed that, if given a chance, could be farmers and businessmen in Georgia

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21

Yeoman farmer

​a farmer who owned his own land, usually a small farm, and usually with no slaves; Trustees hoped that the Georgia colonists would meet these qualifications

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22

Salzburgers

a group of Protestants from Austria who were invited to settle in Georgia due to religious persecution they were experiencing in Europe; established the towns of Ebenezer and New Ebenezer; were some of the most successful colonists.

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23

Malcontents

•unhappy with laws •wanted the trustees to relax rules on: slavery, land & alcohol

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24

Portugese Jews

Group of "illegal" immigrants who were allowed to settle in Georgia inspite of a ban on their religion

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25

colony

A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.

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26

Trustee Colony

Colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted. There were more than 70 total trustees over the 20 year life of Georgia's Charter. Most never came to Georgia.

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27

Royal Colony

A colony controlled directly by the English king

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28

Royal governor

​governor appointed by the English Monarch to run a colony. Georgia had three royal governors. They were John Reynolds, Henry Ellis, and James Wright. It is not necessary for students to know the specific names of the royal governors.

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29

Indentured Servants

Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years

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