unit 1 history study guide

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Public policy


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US History

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57 Terms

Public policy

all things government decide to do

law of supply & demand

the claim that the price of any good adjusts to bring the quantity supplied and the quantity demanded for that good into balance

free enterprise system

an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods 1) private ownership 2) individual imitative 3) competition 4) profit

number of Articles in the US Constitution

7 articles

Rule of law

the government and people are never above the law

Marbury v. Madison

court case that starts judicial review


powers held by national and state government

Judicial review

power of the court to rule law or act of government as unconstitutional

informal amendment

A change in meaning, but not the wording, of the Constitution.

major strength of federalism

allows local actions in matters of local concern and national actions in matters of wider concern

form of govt. is guaranteed to every state


admission process of a state

by congress, but the president has to sign the territory into statehood to make it official

separation of powers

the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government

Full Faith & Credit Clause

Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state


legal process which a fugitive is retuned

expressed power

those delegated to national government by being written in the constitution

Interstate compacts

agreements between states to work together on common issues

number of Bill of Rights

10 amendments, protects individual liberties


process of blending and adjusting, reconciling competing views and interest


no government, chaos


An economic system based on private ownership of capital (Americas economic system)

Judicial, legislative, executive branch main duty & who is in charge of each branch

legislative - congress (makes laws) art. 1 executive - president (enforce law) art. 2 judicial - courts (interpret law) art. 3

number of amendments

27 amendments

exclusive powers

powers that can be exercised by the national government alone

reserved powers

held by states; power not given to national government and not denied to state

delegated powers

Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.

implied powers

those not expressly stated in the constitution, but reasonably suggested

concurrent powers

those both national and state posses and exercise

inherent powers

those that belong to the national government of a sovereign state

ladder of laws

  1. constitution 2) laws and treaties 3)state constitution 4)state laws 5)local laws

popular sovereignty

all political power resides in the people

year Constitution was written


Supremacy Clause

national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.

how to become a citizen

by birth or naturalization (14th amendment)

criteria for voting

1)citizenship 2)residence 3)age (18)

polling place in Illinois, hours open to vote


Australian ballot

secret ballot, lists all names of candidates in election

Immigration Act of 1990

Law that increased the number of immigrants allowed in the US per year.


one who owes allegiance to the U.S. & entitled to both its protection & privileges of it laws


legal process by which a person can become a citizen of another country


citizen of a foreign state who lives in this country


aliens legally admitted as permanent residents

civil rights

positive acts of government that seek to make constitution guarantees a reality for all


body of people living in defined territory with power to make and enforce law


must be conducted according to constitution principles


protentional voting population


citizens denied right to vote(15th, 19th, 26th Amendments blacks, women, 18 year olds)


voting district (small)

polling place

where voters living in the precinct vote