AP Euro Ch. 22 Reformation ID Terms

studied byStudied by 36 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

simony

1/47

Studying Progress

New cards
47
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
47 Terms
New cards

simony

Buying and selling of Church positions

New cards
New cards

pluralism

Practice of Church officials taking multiple Church positions

New cards
New cards

absenteeism

Those with multiple positions in the Church often ignored or failed to complete their duties

New cards
New cards

sale of indulgences

Documents were sold by the Church to lessen time in Purgatory

New cards
New cards

Martin Luther

Founder of the Protestant movement

New cards
New cards

Johann Tetzel

Lead salesman of Catholic indulgences; "When the coin in the coffer rings, a soul from Purgatory springs."

New cards
New cards

95 Theses

Questions that Luther had of the Church's practices

New cards
New cards

Johann Eck

Catholic debater and Luther's opponent at the Diet of Worms

New cards
New cards

"priesthood of all believers"

Luther's belief that everybody should read and interpret the Bible

New cards
New cards

Diet of Worms

Meeting in which Luther was asked to publicly recant his beliefs; Luther expected to become a martyr but escaped

New cards
New cards

Charles V

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, King of Spain, devout Catholic, and nephew of Catherine of Aragon

New cards
New cards

German Peasants' War

Peasants in the Holy Roman Empire revolted against German nobles and kings who had raised taxes in Charles V's absence; inspired by a misinterpretation of Luther's "priesthood of all believers"; Luther sided with the nobility

New cards
New cards

Schmalkaldic League

Trade network of German Lutherans that upheld their Protestant beliefs at the Diet of Augsburg, resulting in two wars

New cards
New cards

Peace of Augsburg, 1555

Legalization of Protestantism following the Schmalkaldic Wars

New cards
New cards

Anabaptists

Most radical group of Protestants; believed in adult baptism, the complete separation of church and state, and a return to early Chrisitianity; hated by both Protestants and Catholics

New cards
New cards

John of Leyden

King of New Jerusalem; leader of Anabaptists

New cards
New cards

Ulrich Zwingli, Zürich

​​Swiss Christian humanist who believed that the state should supervise the Church and banned music and relics from services

New cards
New cards

Marburg Colloquy

Meeting of Zwingli and Luther where they disagreed on the Lord's Supper; foreshadowed the division of Protestant groups

New cards
New cards

John Calvin

Founder of a more radical sect of Christianity that emphasized predestination

New cards
New cards

predestination

People are selected for salvation before they are born

New cards
New cards

Michael Servetus

Antitrinitarian

New cards
New cards

John Knox

Founded Presbyterianism

New cards
New cards

Presbyterianism

Calvinist movement focused on representative Church leadership founded in Scotland by John Knox

New cards
New cards

Huguenots

French Calvinists

New cards
New cards

Puritans

English Protestants who wanted to remove Catholicism completely from the Anglican Church

New cards
New cards

English Reformation

Henry VIII's personally, economically and politically motivated foundation of the Anglican Church; notably not Protestant

New cards
New cards

William Tyndale

Wrote the first English translation of the Bible

New cards
New cards

Henry VIII

King of England; founder of the Anglican Church

New cards
New cards

"In Defense of the Seven Sacraments"

Written by Henry VIII in response to Martin Luther's declaration that only two sacraments were necessary; resulted in the pope naming Henry VIII "The Defender of the Faith"

New cards
New cards

Catherine of Aragon

Henry VIII's first wife and Arthur's widow; birthed Mary Tudor

New cards
New cards

Thomas Wolsey

Sent to the pope to annul Henry VIII's marriage; failed

New cards
New cards

Act of Supremacy

Created the Anglican Church with Henry VIII as its head

New cards
New cards

Pilgrimage of Grace

English Catholics' revolt against the nationalization, abuse and sale of monasteries

New cards
New cards

Statute of the Six Articles

Reaffirmed parts of Catholicism as parts of the Anglican Church

New cards
New cards

Edward VI

Only son of Henry VIII; his Protestant tutors greatly influenced his decisions

New cards
New cards

Mary Tudor "Bloody Mary"

Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon; repealed Edward VI's Protestant acts and killed prominent Protestants

New cards
New cards

Elizabeth I

"Virgin Queen" and politique; worked to resolve the tension between English Protestants and Catholics by mandating a public devotion towards the Anglican Church

New cards
New cards

Politique

Monarch who prioritizes state relationships over religious ones

New cards
New cards

Elizabethan Settlement

Unified England under the Anglican Church

New cards
New cards

Thirty-Nine Articles

Creed of the Anglican Church; broad enough to be interpreted subjectively, resolving the tension between English Protestants and Catholics

New cards
New cards

Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots

Attempted to assassinate Elizabeth I

New cards
New cards

Teresa de Avila

Nun who saw an angel; face of Catholic Counter Reformation and symbol of a personal relationship with God in Catholicism

New cards
New cards

Catholic and Counter Reformation

Attempt to reverse the Protestant Reformation and revive the best aspects of Catholicism

New cards
New cards

Council of Trent

Meeting that reformed the Catholic Church and reaffirmed traditional Catholic practices as well as the authority of the papacy

New cards
New cards

Index of Prohibited Books

Banned Protestant books and those by Erasmus

New cards
New cards

Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

Militaristic organization of monks under the pope that promoted Catholicism

New cards
New cards

Ignatius Loyola

Leader of Jesuits; wrote The Spiritual Exercise

New cards