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during what time periods were the Persian wars

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1

during what time periods were the Persian wars

500-479 bce

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2

the persian empire expanded in the 5 century bce to include what place

asia minor

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3

who won the Persian war

Persians

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4

who wants all of Greece in their possession

Persia

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5

what was the cause of the Persian wars

ionian revolt

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6

who was angered by the actions of Athens

king Darius

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7

the first invasion in the Persian war was what

the battle of marathon

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8

what military tactic did the greeks use

the phalanx

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9

what king died in the second invasion of the Persian war then his son Xerxes took over

king Darius

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10

who won in the battle of Thermopylae

Persians

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11

who won in the battle of salamis

athenian navy

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12

delian league was created out of the what (treasury was on island of delos!!!!!!!)

safety from Persia

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13

what helped Athens lead Greece

great leadership and increased trade brought wealth

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14

what did the spartans create to rival delian league

Peloponnesian league

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15

sparta

Peloponnesian league, oligarchic rule, dominated land

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16

Athens

delian league, democratic rule, dominated sea

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17

Corinth

joined p league and threatened athenian sea supremacy

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18

how much of the population died when the plague struck Athens in 430 bce

1/3

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19

what was two ways that Athens overstepped their bounds

built long walls and used treasury money to rebuild city

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20

who headed the Peloponnesian league

sparta

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21

a skilled politician who came up with the idea to retreat within the city walls of Athens then killed everyone because of lack of sanitation

Pericles

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22

athenian advantage: large naval fleet

spartan advantage: honed warrior society

first phase

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23

Athens: strengths and fights Sparta at Aegosptami

Sparta: cuts trade lines

second phase

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24

Macedonian king gains importance and conquers all of Greece

Philip II

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25

battle of leuctra

thebians defeated spartans

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26

battle of mantinea

thebes defeated by sparta and athens

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27

battle of charonea

philip II of macedonia defeated athenians and thebans

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28

league of Corinth from who

philip 2

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29

optical illusions and engineering used to avoid building appearing curved from a distance

archetetire of the acropolis

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30

father of natural science 624-546 bce

thales

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31

father of numbers 580-490 bce

pythagoras

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32

everything made of atoms 460-370 bce

Democritus

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33

father of medicine 460-370 bce

hippocrates

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34

the spartans could not help in the battle of marathon because of what

a religious festival

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35

in the battle of marathon who won

athenians even though they were outnumbered

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