vocab week 1

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afflict

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English

140 Terms

1

afflict

(verb) to cause suffering, physical pain, misery, great unhappiness, or distress; it is often associated with medical conditions

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2

aloof

(adjective, adverb) remote in manner or away from another or others; being distant and reserved rather than being warm and friendly

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3

appurtenance

(noun) equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles needed for a particular operation or sport; it is a supplementary component that improves capability

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4

assail

(verb) attack or assault someone physically or emotionally - with fists, objects, words, or less tangibly just as violently, with troubles or doubts

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5

avarice

(noun) an extreme desire for material wealth; fancy word for old fashioned greed

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6

decorum

(noun) propriety in manners and conduct; it is proper and polite behavior

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7

dogmatism

(noun) a way of thinking that is stubborn and narrow-minded, often because of prejudice and bigotry

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8

extol

(verb) to praise, glorify, or honor

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9

extrapolate

(verb) estimate the value or draw from specific cases for more general cases; using specific details to make a general conclusion

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10

furl

(verb) to roll something up

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11

insinuate

(verb) imply or suggest something that may or may not be true

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12

intimation

(noun) a hint or indirect suggestion

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13

inviolable

(adjective) incapable of being transgressed or dishonored; immune to attack; incapable of being tampered with

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14

obsequious

(adjective) attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery; being attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner

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15

ossify

(verb) to become bony

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16

resolute

(adjective) firm in purpose or belief; describes a purposeful and determined person, someone who wants to do something very much, and won't let anything get in the way

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17

sycophant

(noun) a person who tries to win favor from influential or wealthy people by flattering them; try to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage

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18

vehemently

(adverb) to do something with energy and passion

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19

venue

(noun) the place where an event or meeting is happening

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20

vindictive

(adjective) disposed to seek revenge; showing malice and a desire to hurt, motivated by spite

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21

beseech

(verb) to ask for or request earnestly.

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22

carnal

(adjective) of or relating to the body or flesh; marked by appetites of passions of the body. or, something that is worldly as opposed to spiritual.

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23

churlish

(adjective) having a bad disposition; surly; rude and boorish.

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24

commingle

(verb) to mix or blend together.

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25

contagion

(noun) an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted; it can also be the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people.

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26

contrive

(verb) to make or work out a plan; devise. When you contrive, you make a plan or a plot. Also inventing schemes ad plans to make something happen.

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27

convocation

(noun) a calling people together.

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28

discord

(noun) lack of agreement or harmony; a strife resulting from a lack of agreement; a harsh mixture of sounds.

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29

discretion

(noun) the power of making free choices unconstrained by external ; freedom to act or judge the trait of judging wisely and objectively; knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress.

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30

embitter

(verb) to cause someone to be bitter, resentful, or angry.

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31

epitaph

(noun) an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there.

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32

felicity

(noun) pleasing and appropriate manner or style; a state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.

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33

filial

(adjective) relating to or characteristic of or befitting an offspring. Offspring related.

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34

imminent

(adjective) close in time; about to occur or happen.

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35

invulnerable

(adjective) immune to attack; impregnable. impossible to damage or injure.

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36

knavish

(adjective) marked by skill in deception. someone who is mischievous

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37

malicious

(adjective) having the nature of or resulting from malic. Enjoys hurting or embarrassing others.

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38

paragon

(noun) an ideal instance; a perfect embodiment of a concept; a model of excellence or perfection of a kind.

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39

perdition

(noun) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment. Hell or eternal damnation.

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40

pernicious

(adjective) exceedingly harmful; working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way. destruction, death, harm.

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41

ameliorate

(verb) to make better.

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42

ardent

(adjective) characterized by intense emotion; strong enthusiasm. Passionate.

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43

assuage

(verb) provide physical relief, as from pain; satisfy (thirst); to cause to be more favorable inclined; gain the good will of.

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44

benevolent

(adjective) showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity; intending or showing kindness; generous in providing aid to others.

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45

candor

(noun) the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech; ability to make judgments free from discrimination or dishonesty.

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46

conflagration

(noun) a very intense and uncontrolled fire.

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47

conjecture

(verb) to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds; (noun) reasoning that involves the formation of conclusions from incomplete evidence.

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48

dauntless

(adjective) invulnerable to fear or intimidation

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49

emaciated

(adjective) very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold.

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50

epithet

(noun) descriptive word or phrase; a defamatory or abusive word or phrase.

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51

exile

(noun) the act of expelling a person from their native land; a person who is expelled from home or country by authority (verb) to expel from a country.

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52

fortitude

(noun) strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity with courage.

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53

portentous

(adjective) ominously prophetic; of momentous or ominous significance; puffed up with vanity.

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54

prodigal

(adjective) recklessly wasteful; giving or having in a lavish, abundant, or bountiful way (noun) a recklessly extravagant person, someone who returns after along absence characterized by reckless behavior.

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55

replication

(noun) the act of making copies; something that has been copied; a quick reply to a question or remark; the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of it's conclusion.

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56

scourge

(noun) something causing misery or death; a person who inspires fear or dread; (verb) to cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly; to punish severely

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57

sinew

(noun) a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment; the possession of muscular strength.

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58

superfluous

(adjective) more than is needed, desired, or required; serving now useful purpose; having no excuse for being.

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59

visage

(noun) the human face; the appearance conveyed by a person's face

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60

vow

(noun) a solemn pledge to do something or to behave in a certain manner.

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61

abhorrent

offensive to the mind

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62

animosity

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

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63

brevity

the attribute of being brief, fleeting, short, or concise.

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64

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature

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65

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress; any structure that makes progress difficult.

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66

indignation

a feeling of righteous anger

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67

indolence

inactivity resulting from a dislike of work

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68

interment

the ritual placing a corpse in a grave

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69

lament

express grief verbally

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70

pensive

deeply or seriously thoughtful

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71

placid

free from disturbance by heavy waves

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72

prudent

careful and sensible; marked by sound judgment

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73

purport

have the often specious appearance of being, intending, or claiming

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74

retribution

a justly deserved penalty

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75

satiate

fill to satisfaction

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76

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive; morally degraded.

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77

sublime

high moral or intellectual value; elevated in nature or style; worthy of adoration or reverence; inspiring awe

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78

uncouth

lacking refinement or cultivation or taste.

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79

venerable

profoundly honored, admired, respected, and impressive by reason of age.

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80

zeal

active interest and enthusiasm

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81

ambiguous

more than one possible meaning

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82

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

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83

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor; forbidding in aspect; practicing great self-denial; severely simple

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84

axiom

a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof; its truth is assumed to be self-evident

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85

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions; to give in to something

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86

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval; the state of being excommunicated; to rebuke formally; to criticize very strongly

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87

chastity

abstaining from sexual relations (as because of religious vows); morality with respect to sexual relations

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88

countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person's face; the human face

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89

culpable

deserving blame or censure as being wrong or evil or injurious; to be at fault.

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90

cunning

showing inventiveness and skill; clever, in the sense of trickery

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91

deference

courteous regard for people's feelings

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92

didactic

instructive (especially excessively)

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93

digress

to wander from a direct or straight course; to lose clarity or turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course or argument in writing.

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94

dissipate

to cause to separate; to move away from each other; to go away or disappear

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95

expedient

appropriate to a purpose; practical; serving to promote your interest

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96

glut

to supply with an excess of; to overeat or eat immodestly; too much of something

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97

procure

get by special effort; to arrange for sexual partners for others

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98

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort; arising from a sense of right and wrong; principled; very careful to do things properly and correctly

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99

sustenance

the act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence; a source of materials to nourish the body

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100

wretched

deserving or inciting pity; characterized by physical misery; morally reprehensible; of very poor quality or condition

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