Criminal Justice Quiz 1 (Chapters 1-4)

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What are the three main components of the Criminal Justice System?

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21 Terms

1

What are the three main components of the Criminal Justice System?

Law enforcement, courts, and corrections

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2

Police

Enforce law and maintain order

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3

Courts

Protect rights and determine guilt or innocence

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4

Corrections

Prevent crime and protect the public

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5

Juvenile Justice System

A system through which cases involving juvenile offenders are processed

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6

Four layers of cases that flow through the system

Celebrated cases, heavy duty cases, lightweight cases, and misdemeanors

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7

Controversial cases

Lethal injection, immigration, and politics and crime

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8

Criminology

Scientific study of crime

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9

Crime

Illegal act according to the criminal law

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10

Alibi defense

When someone can show that an individual was somewhere else instead of the crime scene

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11

Status offenses

Offenses that are illegal for juviniles but not adults ex. skipping school

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12

Uniform Crime Report

Collects data about crimes reported to the police

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13

National Crime Victimization Survey

Collects information directly from U.S residents

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14

National Incident Based Reporting System

Captures detailed data about the characteristics of criminal incidents

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15

Crime typologies

Framework for understanding the thousands of types of crime that exists

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16

Violent Crime

Behavior that causes direct physical harm or threat of physical harm

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17

Types of violent crime

Homicide, assault, violent sex crimes, robbery

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18

Frist degree murder

Homicides that are premeditated and deliberate

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19

Second degree murder

Homicides that are not planed but are intentional

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20

Serial killers

Indiviuals who kill several victims over time

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21

Mass murderes

Individuals who kill a large number of victims all at once

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