AP Lang Vocab 1-8

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vacillate

(verb) to act in an indecisive manner

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catharsis

(noun) a purging, a cleansing, a spiritual purification that brings with it release from tension or emotional stress

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ennui

(noun) listlessness, dissatisfaction, or a feeling of discontent that usually results from boredom

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caveat

(noun) a warning or caution

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caprice

(noun) a sudden and unpredictable change or turn of mind

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palliate

(verb) 1: to cover by excuses and/or apologies 2: to lessen the violence of, to abate

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assuage

(verb) to ease his or her pain

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axiom

(noun) a proposition regarded as a self-evident truth

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holocaust

(noun) a widespread destruction by fire

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chagrin

(noun) distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment or failure

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foible

(noun) a fault, a minor flaw in character (weakness)

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fortnight

(noun) a period of time lasting 14 nights or two weeks

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ecdysiast

(noun) shedding the outer coat or integument

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grotesque

(adjective) bizarre, absurdly incongruous, departing from the natural, the typical

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fickle

(adjective) capricious; casually changeable;not constant in loyalty or affection

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fulminate

(verb) to explode

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dotage

(noun) a state of feeblemindness, especially in old age

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expurgate

(verb) to remove that which is morally harmful, offensive, or erroneous

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specious

(adjective) deceptively attractive or having the ring of truth but is actually false

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ostracize

(verb) 1: to ban 2: to exclude from a group by popular consent

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calumniate

(verb) to make false charges

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vicissitude

(noun) a sudden change in one's routine

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titillate

(verb) to excite pleasurably

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sesquipedalian

(noun) usually long

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turgid

(adj) swollen;inflated

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chimera

(noun) a fanciful illusion

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nirvana

(noun) an ideal condition of rest, harmony; stability

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avuncular

(adj) having characteristics of a benevolent uncle

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alpha and omega

(noun) the beginning and the end

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nebulous

(adj) hazy; indistinct

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bane

(noun) something noxious or poisonous

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imprecation

(noun) curse; evil invocation

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frenetic

(adj) frantic; frenzied

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cenotaph

(noun) a tomb or monument made in honor of a person whose body is buried elsewhere

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unctuous

(adj) oily; smooth

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moribund

(adj) obsolescent; about to die

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bandiage

(noun) playful teasing

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extirpate

(verb) to wipe out completely

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apotheosis

(noun) deity; glorification

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swastika

(noun) symbol of tyranny

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apocalypse

(noun) a prophetic (predicting what will happen in the future) revelation, disclosure, or discovery

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inimical

(adj) unfriendly, hostile, harmful in effect (can be used when health is concerned, a poor diet, smoking etc)

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vagary

(noun) an unpredictable action or notion/idea

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austere

(adj) stern; unadorned; forbidding in manner or appearance

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parochial

(adj) confined or restricted as if within the border of a parish (religion)

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demagogue

(noun) a leader who makes false promises to gain power

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truckle

(verb) to submit, to yield obsequiously, or to act in a subservient (prepared to obey others unquestioningly) manner

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torpor

(noun) activity/state that is lacking in energy, sluggish in functioning

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licentious

(adj) freedom relative to moral discipline, sexual restraint, or behaving in a manner inconsistent with rules and standards imposed by a society

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charisma

(noun) personal charm that allows one to hold sway over people

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vestige

(noun) a trace or visible sign left behind by something vanished or lost (footprint)

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peremptory

(adj) absolute, final, leaves no room for discussion, not negotiable

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audacious

(adj) bold, adventurous, intrepid, reckless

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monolithic

(adj) anything that is one massive whole, exhibiting solid conformity and one harmonious pattern throughout

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obelisk

(noun) -a four-sided monolithic (one stone) pillar, tapering as it rises and terminating in a pyramid -a mark of reference (an inverted spit or dagger) found in textbooks

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akimbo

(adj, adverb) the expression "arms akimbo" means a position in which a person's hands are placed on the hips with the elbows extended outward

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cursory

(adj) superficially done; done hastily without taking notes of details

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eponym

(noun) the person whom something is named after

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penchant

(noun) a strong taste or liking for something, a preference

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asinine

(adj) silly, stupid, uninteligent

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penury

(noun) poverty, absence of resources, destitution, dire need

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explicate

(verb) to provide a detailed explanation (great detail, useful)

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obfuscate

(verb) to confuse, to obscure, to darken

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excoriate

(verb) to censure (express severe disapproval of) in a critical manner

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impunge

(verb) to have something opposed or attacked as false

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cozen

(verb) -to deceive by petty trickery or fraud -to persuade someone to do something by wheedling

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emulate

(verb) to strive to be equal or to excel, to imitate

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obtuse

(adjective) -lacking sharpness of mind -blunt, dull

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adamant

(adjective) unyielding, inflexible, especially in the face of opposition

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virulent

(adjective) extremely toxic (disease, virus, or potion)

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exurb

(noun) areas found outside a city and beyond what are usually classified as suburbs

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exult

(verb) to leap up brought about by joy and jubilation

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euphemism

(noun) a substitute word or expression that is used to avoid a word or expression that might offend some individuals or suggest to them that which is unpleasant

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flatulent

(adjective) to be pompous, pretentious, without real substance or worth

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facade

(noun) a false appearance (an artificial or deceptive front)

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euphoria

(noun) a feeling of great happiness or well-being (feeling often unexplainable)

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expatiate

(verb) to speak or write in great length (never ending, a waste, not a good thing)

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heinous

(adjective) something (usually a deed) that is shockingly evil or outrageously bad

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exigency

(noun) an emergency/a pressing or urgent situation

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exculpate

(verb) to clear from alleged fault or blame/to clear from guilt

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