unit 1-7 midterm

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105 Terms
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Augment

to make larger, increase (v) supplement, amplify

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Bereft

deprived of; made unhappy through a loss (adj) bereaved

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Deploy

to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up (v) station, organize

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Fortitude

courage in facing difficulties (n) resolve, steadfastness, mettle

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Gape

to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide (v) ogie

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Gibe

to utter taunting words (v); an expression of scorn (n) ridicule, mock, deride, jeer (v) compliment, praise (n)

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Guise

an external appearance, cover, mask (n) costume, semblance, pretense

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Insidious

intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous (adj) cunning, dastardly, perfidious

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Intimation

a hint, indirect suggestion (n) clue, inkling

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Opulent

wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose (adj) rich, plentiful, abundant

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Reiterate

to say again, repeat (v) restate, recapitulate

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Stolid

not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull, unresponsive (adj) impassive, phlegmatic

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Tentative

experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant (adj) provisional, inconclusive

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unkempt

not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude (adj) sloppy, disordered, rough

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warily

cautiously, with great care (adv) prudently, gingerly

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Amicable

peaceable, friendly (adj) congenial, neighborly, cordial

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belligerent

given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive (adj.); one at war, one engaged in war (n.) assertive, truculent, pugnacious (adj)

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benevolent

kindly, charitable (adj) benign, well-meaning cursory

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extol

to praise extravagantly (v) glorify, applaud, acclaim, hail

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feasible

possible, able to be done (adj) workable, viable

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grimace

a wry face, facial distortion (n); to make a wry face (v)

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pained expression, facial contortion (n)

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impervious

not affected or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance (adj) impenetrable, resistant, and proof against

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impetus

a moving force, impulse, stimulus (n) impulse, spur

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jeopardy

danger (n) risk, hazard, peril

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meticulous

extremely careful; particular about details (adj) fastidious, fussy

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nostalgia

a longing for something past; homesickness (n) --no synonyms--

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retrogress

to move backward; to return to an earlier condition (v) revert, degenerate, decline

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scrutinize

to examine closely (v) inspect, pore over

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tepid

lukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest (adj) insipid, halfhearted

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adversary

an enemy, opponent (n) antagonist, foe

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alienate

to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey (v) separate

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artifice

a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery (n) ruse, stratagem, contrivance

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coerce

to compel, force (v) pressure, bully, constrain

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demise

a death, especially of a person in a lofty position (n) decease, passing away

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exhilarate

to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to (v) stimulate, excite, gladden

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inclement

stormy, harsh; severe in attitude or action (adj) annoy, bedevil, beleaguer

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liquidate

to pay a debt, settle an account; to eliminate (v) reconcile, pay, cancel, exterminate

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muse

to think about in a dreamy way, ponder (v) contemplate, daydream

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negligible

so unimportant that it can be disregarded (adj)

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trivial, inconsequential, insignificant

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perpetuate

to make permanent or long-lasting (v) continue, preserve, prolong indefinitely

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precedent

an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action (n) guide, tradition, model

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punitive

inflicting or aiming at punishment (adj) penalizing, retaliatory

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redress

to set right, remedy (v); relief from wrong or injury (n) correct, mitigate (v)

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sojourn

a temporary stay (n); to stay for a time (v) visit, brief stay (n)

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affiliated

associated, connected (adj) attached, related, joined

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ascertain

to find out (v) discover, establish

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bequeath

to give or pass on as an inheritance (v) transmit, bestow

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congent

forceful, convincing; relevant, to the point (adj) persuasive, compelling

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converge

to move toward one point, approach nearer together (v) meet, unite, intersect, merge

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esteem

to regard highly (v); a highly favorable opinion or judgment (n) respect, honor, revere (v)

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expunge

to erase, obliterate, destroy (v) efface, annihilate

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finite

having limits; lasting for a limited time (adj) bounded, measurable

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invulnerable

not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack (adj) impregnable, impervious, immune

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malevolent spiteful, showing ill will (adj) malicious, wicked, sinister, malignant

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omniscient

knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding (adj) wise, all-knowing

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panacea

a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems (n) universal cure

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scrupulous exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled (adj)

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painstaking, meticulous, conscientious

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skulk

to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding (v) lurk, slink, prow;

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uncanny

strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation (adj) inexplicable, spooky

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altruistic

unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others (adj) selfless

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assent

to express agreement (v.); agreement (n.) consent, concur (v) benefactor

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chivalrous

marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly (adj) civil, valiant, courtly

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clemency

mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness (n.) leniency, forbearance, gentleness

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dearth

a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine (n.) insufficiency, want, paucity

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discrepancy

a difference; a lack of agreement (n) disagreement, divergence, inconsistency

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indomitable

unconquerable, refusing to yield (adj) unbeatable, invincible, unyielding

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infallible

free from error; absolutely dependable (adj)

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pungent

causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting (adj) sharp, spicy, piquant, racy

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remiss

neglectful in the performance of one's duty, careless (adj)negligent, lax, slack

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repose

to rest; lie; place (v.); relaxation, peace of mind, calmness (n.) sleep (v); tranquility, respite (n)

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temerity

rashness, boldness (n) recklessness, foolhardiness, effrontery

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unfeigned

sincere, real, without pretense (adj) genuine, heartfelt

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virulent

extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful (adj.) noxious, baneful, hateful

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accede

to yield to; to assume an office or dignity (v) consent, concur, comply, assent

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comprise

to include or contain; to be made up of (v) compose, constitute, encompass

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deft

skillful, nimble (adj) dexterous, adroit, proficient, clever, masterful

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destitute

deprived of the necessities of life; lacking in (adj) wanting, devoid, penniless

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explicit

definite, clearly stated (adj) distinct, forthright, unambiguous, clear

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inopportune

coming at a bad time; not appropriate (adj) ill-timed, inconvenient, inappropriate, unsuitable

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musty

stale, moldy; out-of-date (adj) hackneyed, antiquated

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officious

meddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authority (adj) meddlesome, prying, impertinent, obtrusive

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ominous

unfavorable, threatening, of bad omen (adj) unpropitious, inauspicious, portentous

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pinnacle

a high peak or point (n) apex, acme, summit, apogee

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premeditated

considered beforehand, deliberately planned (adj) preplanned, rehearsed, prearranged

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rampant

growing without check, running wild (adj)widespread, unrestrained, extravagant, prevalent

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solace

comfort, relief (n.); to comfort, console (v.)

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supple

bending easily; bending with agility; readily adaptable; servile (adj) flexible, limber, pliable, pliant

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suppress

to stop by force, put down (v) subdue, crush, stifle, squelch, quash, silence

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abhor

to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply (v) detest, despise, abominate amend

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chaos

great confusion, disorder (n) anarchy, turmoil

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commodious

roomy, spacious (adj) comfortable, ample, capacious

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corrosive

eating away gradually, acid-like; bitterly sarcastic (adj.) caustic, mordant, acidulous, spiteful

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discern

to see clearly, recognize (v) perceive, detect, distinguish

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implicant

to involve in; to connect with or be related to (v) incriminate, entangle

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obviate

to anticipate and prevent; to remove, dispose of (v) preclude, foresail, ward off

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renegade

one who leaves a group; a deserter, outlaw (n.); traitorous; unconventional, unorthodox (adj.) turncoat, heretic (n)

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reprehensible

deserving blame or punishment (adj) objectional, blameworthy, culpable, odious

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