Anatomy semester test

studied byStudied by 3 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Reproductive

1 / 154

Tags and Description

155 Terms

1

Reproductive

Male: seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis. Female: ovaries, fallopian, uterus. Produce offspring.

New cards
2

Immune

Red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymphocyte: protects body with antibodies

New cards
3

Nervous

Control Center: brain, sensory receptor, spinal cord: responds to internal and external changes.

New cards
4

Urinary

Kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra: eliminates nitrogenous wastes, regulates water, keeps acid base balance.

New cards
5

Lymphatic

Thoratic duct, lymphatic vessels: Picks up blood leaked from blood, disposes of debris, housed white blood cells

New cards
6

Muscular

Skeletal muscles: locomotion and facial expressions

New cards
7

Digestive

eating: oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, intestines, anus: breaks down food for energy and removes waste

New cards
8

Cardiovascular

transport center: heart, blood: transport blood which carries oxygen, carbon, nutrients and wastes

New cards
9

Skeletal

framework: bones, joints, cartilages: protects and supports body organs

New cards
10

Respiratory

breathing: nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchus: keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

New cards
11

Endocrine

hormone center: pineal gland, pituitary, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, testis, ovaries: regulate growth, reproduction, metabolism.

New cards
12

Integumentary

external body covering: hair, skin, nails: protection, synthesizes, vitamin D, feelings

New cards
13

Thoracic

chest

New cards
14

Patellar

knee

New cards
15

Gluteal

buttock

New cards
16

Femoral

thigh

New cards
17

Cervical

neck

New cards
18

Cephalic

head

New cards
19

Carpal

wrist

New cards
20

Brachial

arm

New cards
21

non-polar covalent bond

formed when electrons are shared equally

New cards
22

Anion

atom that gains one or more electrons (negative charge)

New cards
23

Cation

atom that loses one or more electrons (positive charge)

New cards
24

Neutron

neutral subatomic particles

New cards
25

Hydrogen bond

weak bonds that form when a hydrogen atom is attracted by another electronegative atom.

New cards
26

Proton

subatomic particle with a positive charge

New cards
27

Energy

the capacity to do work; stored or kinetic energy. No mass cannot be measured. put matter into motion.

New cards
28

Polar covalent bond

electron density is unevenly shared between two atoms

New cards
29

Matter

anything that occupies space and has mass; substance composing physical objects.

New cards
30

Atom

the smallest particle of an elemental substance that exhibits the properties of that element. Protons, neutrons, electrons.

New cards
31

Ionic Bond

a chemical bond formed by electron transfer between atoms.

New cards
32

Molecule

a particle consisting of 2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds.

New cards
33

Endoplasmic Reticulum

storage and modification area for proteins, mini-transport

New cards
34

Nucleosomes

dense bodies that store ribosomes

New cards
35

Ribosomes

facilitate protein making

New cards
36

Golgi Bodies

cellular packaging site for exported substances

New cards
37

Lysosomes

suicide sacs, digestive enzymes

New cards
38

Centrioles

broad shaped bodies that spin the spindle

New cards
39

Mitochondria

power house, ATP

New cards
40

Cytoplasm

where most organelles are found

New cards
41

Plasma membrane

external cell boundary, confines contents

New cards
42

Nucleus

control center of the cell, contains DNA

New cards
43

Chromosomes

dna bound to protein that appears as strands

New cards
44

Adipose

largest cells in the body incapable of cell division, make up 90% of tissue mass, rich in vascularity, metabolic activity.

New cards
45

Blood

hemocytoblast. fluid within blood vessels. atypical connective tissue. develops from mesenchyme.

New cards
46

Dense Regular CT

packed bundles of collagen fibers running in same direction, forms tendons and ligaments, gives tissue flexibility and resistance to pulling forces. forms aponeuroses.

New cards
47

Hyaline Cartilage

resistant to wear and tear. covers ends of long bones.

New cards
48

Mesenchyme

first tissue formed, eventually specializes into all other connective tissues. embryonic CT

New cards
49

Immune

Red bone marrow, thymus, spleen: protects the body with antibodies.

New cards
50

Oral cavity

mouth containing the teeth and tongue

New cards
51

Nasal Cavity

nose

New cards
52

Orbital Cavity

house the eyes

New cards
53

middle ear cavity

tiny bones of the ear

New cards
54

synovial cavity

enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body.

New cards
55

dorsal body cavity

located nearer to the dorsal or posterior surface of the body

New cards
56

cranial cavity

within which the brain is enclosed by the skull

New cards
57

vertebral cavity

forms a body enclosure around spinal chord

New cards
58

ventral cavity

anterior and larger body cavity

New cards
59

viscera

group of internal organs housed in ventral cavity

New cards
60

thoracic cavity

is surrounded by ribs and muscles of chest

New cards
61

pleural cavity

housing the lungs

New cards
62

pericardial cavity

encloses the heart

New cards
63

mediastinum

remaining thoracic organs

New cards
64

abdominopelvic

stomach

New cards
65

superior(cranial)

toward head or upper body

New cards
66

inferior(caudal)

toward the lower part of body

New cards
67

anterior(ventral)

at the front of body

New cards
68

posterior(dorsal)

at back of body

New cards
69

medial

midline of body

New cards
70

lateral

away from midline, outer side

New cards
71

intermediate

a structure between a medial and lateral

New cards
72

proximal

closer to the origin of body part

New cards
73

distal

farther from the origin of body part

New cards
74

superficial

at body surface

New cards
75

deep

more internal

New cards
76

Negative feedback

increase in output and decrease in input. variable change in an opposite direction of initial change: thermostat, temp regulation , blood glucose levels, heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen.

New cards
77

Positive feedback

result or response of the mechanism. enhances stimulus, activity is accelerated: blood clotting, and labor contractions

New cards
78

Sagittal Plane

runs longitudinally and divides the body or organ into right and left portions (midsagittal- symmetrical and equal)

New cards
79

Frontal Plane

longitudinally divides body into anterior and posterior (coronal plane)

New cards
80

Transverse Plane

Horizontally divides body into superior and inferior parts

New cards
81

Oblique plane

cuts between a horizontal and longitudinal plane

New cards
82

Cardiology

heart disease

New cards
83

Dermatology

skin disease

New cards
84

Endocrinology

hormone- secreting glands

New cards
85

Epidermiology

Infectious diseases and control

New cards
86

Gastroenterology

diseases of the stomach and intestine

New cards
87

Geriatrics

aging and problems with elderly people

New cards
88

Gerontology

diseases of female reproductive system

New cards
89

Hematology

blood and blood disease

New cards
90

immunology

body resistance to disease

New cards
91

Neurology

nervous system and diseases

New cards
92

Obstetrics

pregnancy and childbirth

New cards
93

oncology

tumors

New cards
94

Opthamology

eye and disease

New cards
95

orthopedics

deformities involving muscular and skeletal

New cards
96

Otolaryngology

ear, throat, and larynx

New cards
97

Pathology

body changes produced by disease

New cards
98

pediatrics

diseases of children

New cards
99

Pharmacology

drugs and uses in treatment of disease

New cards
100

Psychiatry

disorders of the mind

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2595 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(133)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard69 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard94 terms
studied byStudied by 79 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard99 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard128 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard166 terms
studied byStudied by 879 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(8)