English Vocab Upgrade

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quixotic (adj.)

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213 Terms

1

quixotic (adj.)

having or showing ideas that are different and unusual but not practical or likely to succeed.

Example of usage: That outcome would have a much better chance of securing Palestinian rights than a _________ effort to delegitimize Israel and force it to abandon its Zionist identity.

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2

prescient (adj.)

knowing or suggesting correctly what will happen in the future.

Example of usage: His ridiculed forecasts for a return to growth this year have proved surprisingly ______________.

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3

obduracy (n.)

the quality of refusing to change your mind, or of being difficult to deal with or change.

Example of usage: The __________ of the police in failing to take the complaint seriously is deeply troubling.

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4

seething (adj.)

constant agitation, especially through anger. For example, "________ with anger" means someone is furious but keeping it a secret. They might explode into a rage if something sets them off.

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5

disrepute (n.)

the state of being held in low esteem by the public.

Example of usage: The judge's behaviour, he said, had brought the law profession into ____________.

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6

dereliction (n.)

a noun that means the act of abandoning something, or the state of being abandoned. For example, ____________ of personal property is when someone abandons their property, making it open to potential salvors. ____________ can also refer to intentional or conscious neglect, such as delinquency. In law, __________ is when someone intentionally or accidentally fails to fulfill an obligation without a valid reason, such as obligations related to their job. For example, "collectively, their national commitments constitute a ______________ of duty on a global scale".

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7

mea culpa (n.)

used to acknowledge a mistake or accept responsibility for a situation. 

Examples of usage: "The governor's _____ ______ in response to the financial aid scandal seemed insincere".

"The mayor's public _____ ____ for his involvement in the scandal didn't satisfy his critics".

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8

nuance (n.)

a very slight difference in meaning, sound, color, or someone's feelings that is not usually very obvious.

Examples of usage: Looking closely, I could see a _____ of color in her red skirt.

He watched her face intently to catch every _______ of expression.

Her singing has both warmth of sound and delicacy of __________.

You need to be able to convey the subtle ______ of meaning of each word.

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9

impetuous (adj.)

likely to act quickly and suddenly without thinking or being careful; rash; impulsive

Examples of usage: The governor may now be regretting her _________ promise to reduce unemployment by half.

I know that sometimes we all make ________ speeches when we are perhaps fired with enthusiasm.

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10

sangfroid (n.)

composure or coolness shown in danger or under trying circumstances.

Example of usage: They committed the robbery with complete _________.

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11

equanimity (n.)

a calm mental state, especially after a shock or disappointment or in a difficult situation.

Examples of usage: He received the news of his mother's death with remarkable __________.

Three years after the tragedy she has only just begun to regain her __________.

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12

perseverate (v.)

repeat or prolong an action, thought, or utterance after the stimulus that prompted it has ceased.

Example of usage: “they ______________ under stress”

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13

reticent (adj.)

​unwilling to tell people about things

Examples of usage: “she was extremely _______ about her personal affairs“

He was extremely _______ about his personal life.

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14

quandry (n.)

a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.

Examples of usage: The unexpected results of the test have created a ________ for researchers.

I'm in a ________ about whether I should try to repair my stereo or buy a new one, even though I don't have the money to do either.

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15

vitriol (n.)

​very cruel and bitter comments or criticism.

Example: "her mother's sudden gush of fury and _______"

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16

surly (adj.)

bad-tempered and unfriendly.

Example of usage: "the porter left with a _____ expression"

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17

furore (n.)

​great anger or excitement shown by a number of people, usually caused by a public event.

Used in a sentence: "the verdict raised a ____ over the role of courtroom psychiatry"

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18

abeyance (n.)

a state of temporary disuse or suspension.

Example of usage: "matters were held in _____ pending further enquiries"

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19

frenzied (adj.)

involving a lot of activity and strong emotions in a way that is often violent or frightening and not under control.

Example of usage: As he arrived at the court, he was surrounded by ______ fans.

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20

excoriate (v.)

criticize (someone) severely. Example of usage: "he ____ the government for censorship"

In Medicine: damage or remove part of the surface of (the skin). Example of usage: "the discharge is acrid and ____ the skin of the nose"

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21

ineptitude (n.)

lack of ability

Example of usage: the _______ of the police in handling the situation

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22

incorrigible (adj.)

(of a person or their behaviour) not able to be changed or reformed.

"he's an __________ liar"

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23

bonhomie (n.)

good-natured easy friendliness

Example of usage: an undying _________ radiated from her

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24

acrid (adj.)

having a strong, bitter smell or taste that is unpleasant.

Example of usage: The fog was yellow and ______ and bit at the back of the throat.

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25

holistic (adj)

dealing with something as a whole rather than by its individual parts.

Examples: 1. Policy makers need to take into consideration behavioural responses to changes in the cost of disease, and implement strategies that are ______ and longsighted. 2. The _____ treatment prescribed by my doctor includes herbs and vitamins that will improve the overall functioning of my body.

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26

albeit (conj.)

although

Examples: 1. It was an interesting conversation, __________ one-way.

2. Once again, we abided by his wishes, ________ reluctantly.

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27

palpitations (n.)

a noticeably rapid, strong, or irregular heartbeat due to agitation, exertion, or illness.

Example of usage: Too much caffeine can cause heart ______________.

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28

cadavers (n.)

a dead body, especially a human body to be dissected; corpse

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29

consolation (n.)

comfort received by a person after a loss or disappointment

Examples of usage: When her mother died, she found ____________ in her religious beliefs.

When she lost her job, her only ___________ was that she had some savings in the bank.

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30

prosaic (adj.)

ordinary and not especially interesting or unusual

having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.

Examples of usage: Only a few ________ tables and chairs remained by the time we got to the auction.

“_______ language can’t convey the experience”

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31

incumbent (n.)

An officeholder who is seeking reelection.

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32

impervious (adj.)

incapable of being affected, influenced or persuaded.

Example of usage:

  • She was __________ to his charms.

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33

proverbial (adj.)

​[only before noun] used to show that you are referring to a particular proverb or well-known phrase.

Example of usage: He drinks like the _________ fish.

[not usually before noun] well known and talked about by a lot of people.

Example of usage: Their hospitality is _________.

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34

officious (adj.)

meddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authority.

Example of usage: Because Cory is the boss's son, he thinks he can stick his _________ nose into everybody's business without fear of consequences.

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35

insurmountable (adj.)

(of difficulties, problems, etc.) that cannot be dealt with successfully

Example of usage: They were now faced with seemingly __________ technical problems.

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36

preposterous (adj.)

​completely unreasonable, especially in a way that shocks or annoys you.

Examples of usage: These claims are absolutely _____!

It’s ______ to suggest that everything was her fault!

The whole idea sounds quite _______!

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37

beleaguered (adj.)

having a lot of problems or difficulties:

Example of usage: The arrival of the fresh medical supplies was a welcome sight for the __________ doctors working in the refugee camps.

surrounded by an army:

Example of usage: The occupants of the _____ city had no means of escape.

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38

usurp (v.)

to seize and hold a position by force or without right

Examples of usage: When such actions and policies _____ the decisions of others and limit liberty without a sound evidentiary base, significant ethical boundaries are crossed.

The size of his plantation increased from 200 to 3,000 acres, in particular by _______ the property of local people.

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39

vitriolic (adj.)

filled with bitter criticism or malice.

Example of usage: "_____ attacks on the politicians"

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40

egregious (adj.)

outstandingly bad; shocking.

Example of usage: "_____ abuses of copyright"

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41

miscreant

evil unbeliever

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42

consortium

a group of companies or institutions

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43

apprise

(v.) to inform of; to make aware of by giving oral or written notice

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44

bequeath

to give or pass on as an inheritance

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45

epoch (n.)

a period of time in history or a person's life, typically one marked by notable events or particular characteristics.

Example of usage: In doing so, Miguel is trying to build an identity for what is clearly a new _______ in his life.

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46

unendurable

impossible to bear

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47

quip

a remark or reply that is witty or sarcastic

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48

daft

Insane, foolish

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49

anarchist

A person who opposes all forms of government.

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50

savant

a person of extensive learning; an eminent scholar

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51

reclusive

seeking or preferring seclusion or isolation

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52

stickler

one who is strict about rules or details

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53

modicum

a moderate or small amount

Example of usage: "Just five pretty expertly-styled boys with a ________ of talent."

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54

ubiquitous

present or existing everywhere

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55

altrustic

unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others

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56

amendable

responsive; agreeable

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57

anachronism

something out of place in time

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58

insidious

intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous

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59

idyllic (adj.)

pleasing or picturesque in natural simplicity.

Example of usage: an ___________ setting for a summer romance

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60

befuddle

to confuse; to perplex

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61

impeccable

flawless

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62

jargon

vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people

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63

mudane

commonplace; ordinary

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64

harrowing (adj.)

extremely distressing; disturbing or frightening

Example of usage: "It will seem crazy and oftentimes ________ at first, but it slows down, and you find your head coach voice pretty quickly".

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65

convolute

make (an argument, story, etc.) complex and difficult to follow

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66

obscenely

so excessive as to be offensive

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67

reprehensible

If you think that a type of behaviour or an idea is very bad and morally wrong, you can say that it is _______________.

Examples of usage: Mr Cramer said the violence by anti-government protestors was _____________.

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68

Monopoly

A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller.

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69

cognitive

having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding

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70

endling

The last individual of a species.

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71

rendevous

meeting

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72

overt

(adj.) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized

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73

Fiduciary

relating to the governing of property or estate on behalf of others

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74

fiscal

pertaining to finances

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75

recoup

(v.) to make up for, regain

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76

amass

(v.) to bring together, collect, gather, especially for oneself; to come together, assemble

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77

swimmingly

without difficulty; with great success; effortlessly

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78

Abhor

Regard with disgust and hatred

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79

contextual

related to surrounding content

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80

arbitrary

(adj.) unreasonable; based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairness

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81

dicker (n.)

to bargain; to argue over prices.

Example of usage: they ______ed over the price of the car for a few minutes

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82

rapport

a positive relationship often characterized by mutual trust or sympathy

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83

unencumbered

not burdened with cares or responsibilities

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84

grifter

a person who swindles you by means of deception or fraud

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85

heinous

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

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86

defunct

no longer existing or functioning

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87

gazillionaire

a very large number or quantity

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88

obliterate

to destroy completely

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89

tawdry

showy but cheap and of poor quality

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90

bequest

something left to someone in a will

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91

elusive

difficult to find, catch, or achieve

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92

immaterial

irrelevant

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93

regale

to entertain

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94

Exonerate

to clear from a charge or accusation

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95

Repudiate (v.)

to disown, reject, or deny the validity of

Example of usage: the minister ________ed allegations of human rights abuses

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96

Flummox

to confuse; to perplex

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97

Anomaly

deviation from what is normal

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98

perjury

false testimony under oath

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99

bourgeois

a member of the middle class

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100

frivolity

Silly or lighthearted play.

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