theology 10 midterm review

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true or false: the gospels are not based on historical facts

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Theology

10th

chapters 1-5 tests

125 Terms

1

true or false: the gospels are not based on historical facts

false

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2

true or false: people of virtually any religion believe Jesus to be an extraordinary person

true

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3

true or false: the Jews have always considered Yahweh, the name of God revealed the Jacob, too sacred to be spoken

false, it was revealed to Moses

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4

true or false: the title Christ literally means “anointed one”

true

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5

true or false: during his earthly life, Jesus was mostly known as the Son of God

false, he was known as ‘teacher’

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6

true or false: all the available information about Jesus was preserved by his disciples

false

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7

true or false: the Gospels were primarily based on each Evangelist’s personal recollections of Jesus

false

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8

true or false: it is doubtful that any one person was responsible for the total development of any of the Gospels

true

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9

true or false: Luke wrote the Gospel of Luke and the Letter to the Thessalonians

false, he wrote his gospel and the Acts of the Apostles

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10

true or false: most modern scholars believe that the apostle John wrote the Gospel of John

false

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11

if what saint Paul said is true, this gospel writer is probably the only non-Jewish writer of the New Testament

Luke

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12

the truths it attempts to share are more deeply theological and reflective than the truths in the other gospels

the gospel of John

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13

believed to have been written in Rome for the church there and for Gentile readers, it is the shortest Gospel and emphasizes the humanity of Jesus

gospel of Mark

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14

in emphasizing that Jesus’ life was a fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel, it has more than 130 passages that refer either directly or indirectly to the old Testament

gospel of Matthew

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15

sometimes called the church’s gospel, it contains five great discourses by Jesus

gospel of Matthew

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16

oral tradition

the information about Jesus passed primarily by word of mouth among early Christians

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17

the gospel of Mark

the first Gospel, written around 70 CE

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18

the gospel of John

the last gospel to be written, around 90-100 CE

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19

gentile

a person who is not Jewish

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20

synoptic

“to see together”; refers to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke

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21

true or false: Jesus did not embrace his Jewish heritage; he considered himself a Christian, not a Jew.

false

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22

true or false: Jewish history began nearly two thousand years before the time of Jesus

true

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23

true or false: the Israelite people would not pronounce God’s sacred name, as it was revealed to Moses, for fear of misusing it

true

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24

true or false: the Israelites became a covenant community at Sinai

true

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25

true or false: as soon as the Israelites reached the Promised Land, life became peaceful and prosperous

false

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26

true or false: the twelve tribes of Israel descended from each of the twelve sons of Moses

false

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27

true or false: the two tribes living to the south of Jerusalem were known as Judah

true

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28

true or false: the prophets were successful in calling Israel and Judah back to keeping the covenant

false

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29

true or false: a covenant is a special relationship between God and people

true

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30

true or false: when Jesus read from a scroll in the synagogue and said those words were fulfilled in him that day, he was reading a passage from the New Testament

false

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31

true or false: Jewish history began with the religious experience of Abram

true

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32

true or false: Isaiah prophesied that someone powerful and good, whom Christians believe is Jesus, would come from the line of John the Baptist

false

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33

who was Isaac

the father of Jacob and the son of Abraham

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34

who did God call to free the Israelites from slavery in Egypt

Moses

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35

many versions of the Old Testament use the word Lord for:

Yahweh

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36

what did the tenth plague at the time of Moses result in

the death of all firstborn children in Egypt except those protected by God

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37

what is the Jewish law?

a gift that established a relationship of love between God an God’s people

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38

what did the Babylonians do in 587 BCE

destroyed Jerusalem, including the Temple, and took thousands of people from Judah into captivity in Babylon

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39

what happened when the Jews returned from Babylon

they were a religious community under a high priest

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40

what is the name God gave to Jacob as a sign of God’s special relationship with him

Israel

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41

who was the first king of Israel

Saul

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42

what is the city of David

Jerusalem

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43

what king united all twelve tribes of Israel and is considered the greatest

David

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44

which king built the fist Temple in Jerusalem

Solomon

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45

who is king david’s father

Jesse

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46

which prophet assured the Babylonian captives that God would make a new Covenant with them

Jeremiah

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47

who conquered much of the mediterranean and lands as far east as India

Alexander the Great

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48

a politically cunning and cruel ruler of Israel whose reign ended shortly after Jesus’ birth

Herod the Great

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49

a Roman procurator who played a key role in Jesus’ trial and execution

Pontius Pilate

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50

jacob’s favorite son, sold by his brothers into slavery

Joseph

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51

true or false: geographically speaking, Palestine was not very diverse

false

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52

true or false: by eating with sinners, Jesus demonstrated that he approved of the sins they committed

false

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53

true or false: meat was a luxury to most people in Jesus’ day

true

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54

true or false: the majority of people in Jesus’ time were part of what we today would call the middle class

false

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55

true or false: for the Jews, the family unit was a true religious community in and of itself

true

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56

true or false: Mary was probably about twenty when she bore Jesus

false

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57

true or false: In Jesus’ time a Jewish man’s wife and children were considered to be his property

true

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58

true or false: monogamy was not yet recognized as the ideal by Jesus’ time

false

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59

true or false: most Jews could not afford slaves

true

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60

true or false: Jesus did not condemn all social oppression

false

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61

true or false: Jewish political and religious leaders were often the same in the ancient world

true

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62

true or false: Jesus often referred to the Scriptures of Judaism

true

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63

true or false: sacrifices were offered in the synagogues

false

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64

true or false: every Jewish feast was penitential in nature

false

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65

true or false: domestic cats and camels were the most common animals in Jesus’ hometown

false

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66

what state is roughly the same size as the Palestine Jesus knew?

Massachusetts

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67

nearly every lesson taught by Jesus in the Gospels is expressed through

the common experiences of his people and their daily life

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68

the ancient Jewish people considered sharing a meal to be

a sacred act

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69

the typical meal of Jesus’ day was

bread and fish

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70

the typical common person’s home in Jesus’ day was

one room divided between people and animals and made of clay

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71

Jewish society’s essential foundation was the

family

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72

Jerusalem at Jesus’ time was a

capital and fortress, center of marketing, and the holy city

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73

after 70 CE, the Jews’ central place of the

synagogue

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74

the Jewish religious tradition that Jesus grew up with was based heavily on

personal and communal prayer and the sacred Scriptures

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75

what is not a prohibited activity on the Sabbath?

walking

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76

Sabbath

a weekly day of rest and prayer, based on the Creation story and linked historically to the Exodus

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77

Passover

a feast commemorating the miraculous liberation of the Israelites from Egypt

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78

Shema

a prayer said by Jews at dawn and at nightfall each day

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79

Pentecost

a celebration of God’s giving the Law to Moses; also called the feast of weeks

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80

Day of Atonement

the day when Jews solemnly repented of all their sins and the high priest entered the holy of holies in the Temple to purify it

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81

true or false: John’s Gospel begins with a Prologue proclaiming Jesus as the Son of God

true

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82

true or false: the infancy narratives are found in all four Gospels

false

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83

true or false: much is known about the hidden years of Jesus

false

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84

true or false: Matthew’s Gospel is one of the three synoptic Gospels

true

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85

true or false: both Joseph and Mary were devout Jews

true

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86

true or false: Like many wandering prophets of the time, John the Baptist proclaimed himself to be the Liberator yearned for by the Jewish people

false

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87

true or false: Luke’s gospel was written for Theophilus

true

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88

true or false: in ancient times, the dove was often a symbol for Israel as a whole, and, less often, a symbol for the Spirit of God

true

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89

true or false: all four Gospels mention Jesus’ baptism

false

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90

true or false: the Apostles were frequently referred to in the Gospels as ‘the Twelve’

true

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91

the Gospel writer John describes Jesus as

the Son of God

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92

Matthew’s gospel begins with a

genealogy of Jesus

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93

what did Jesus learn through his baptism?

he would fulfill his mission through the Holy Spirit and he was indeed chosen to proclaim the Kingdom of God

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94

who was Matthew’s intended audience

Romans

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95

two of Jesus’ Apostles shared which name?

James

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96

how many days did Jesus spend in the desert after his Baptism

40

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97

what was Jesus

just like any human except he never sinned and one who shared all the physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual needs that all humans experience

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98

Jesus probably spoke which languages?

Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic

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99

how did John the Baptist prepare the way for Jesus’ ministry

by calling people to repentance

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100

John the Baptist thought Jesus’ water baptism was

unnecessary because Jesus was the Son of God

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