JOU3101 Exam 1

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Do not abbreviate _________.

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exam 1

119 Terms

1

Do not abbreviate _________.

States

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2

I work with professor/Professor Foley.

professor

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3

4 main functions of news media

Report, Explain, Entertain and Lead

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4

What is news?

A change of consequence in the status quo and what reporters and editors say it is.

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5

News is 50 percent ____________ and 50 percent __________.

-What happened? -How does it affect the reader/me?

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6

News Values:

Impact, Timeliness, Prominence, Proximity, Conflict, Weirdness, Currency

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7

The Writing Process:

Conceive, Report, Plan, Draft, Revise

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8

Time:

3:00 p.m. x 3 p.m. ✓

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9

Everyday vs Every Day

Adjective vs Adverb saying how and when

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10

Quote guidelines:

  1. If a quote is more than one sentence, put the attribution after the first sentence.

  2. Identify the speaker the first time his/her name is used.

  3. Don't attribute direct quotes to more than one person.

  4. In general, use past tense throughout and be consistent.

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11

What are the ABCs of news writing?

Accuracy, Brevity, Clarity

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12

Day vs Date

Use the day or date in the story but not both. Day: Within 7 days of event. Date: More than 7 days. There is no "tomorrow" or "yesterday," but there is a today.

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13

What is comma splice?

Joining 2 separate and complete sentences with a comma

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14

FANBOY fakers:

However, therefore, although

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15

Describers:

If you have two or more adjectives that are not joined by a conjunction and both/all modify the same word, put a comma between them.

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16

Big story topics:

-The economy/stocks. -Politics. -Health care. -Weather. -Conflict. -Crime. -Sports. -Oddities. -Whack jobs.

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17

What is news?

-Changing relationships. -Event of community consequence. -Disruptive events.

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18

Ages:

Do not use numbers to begin sentences: all ages otherwise are figures.

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19

Importance to readers:

-Extensity: how big of an event is it. -Intensity: how intense is its effect on readers? -Proximity: nearby, bigger news. -Recency -Consequence: what are the effects? -Variety

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20

______ make a story come alive.

Details

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News Values Ex.

-Timeliness: anniversaries, calendar. -Proximity: local, localized. -Local angle is the lede. -Prominence: big shot visiting. -Consequence: inconvenience, cost. -Human interest: comedy, tragedy, sex, animals, good deeds, bizarre, conflict.

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22

Enterprise Stories:

-For journalists: -Helps fill space. -For PR types: -Promote. -Know what makes a good story in order to pitch a story.

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23

Tips on finding stories:

-Be professionally curious. -Go out of your way to see things. -Be powerfully observant. -Use your senses, especially sound and hearing.

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24

Attribution can go ________.

At the beginning, middle or end of a sentence.

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25

Beginning attribution:

Direct: Mullen said, "We need to win." Indirect: Mullen said the team needs to win.

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End attribution:

Direct: "Winning is important," Stricklin said. Indirect: Winning is important, Stricklin said.

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Middle attribution:

Direct: "Win," Stricklin said, "or you're fired." Indirect: Mullen wins, Stricklin said, or he's fired.

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28

Put attribution where the _________ is.

Comma

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29

Exclamation Point:

"No!" they shouted.

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30

Question Marks:

"Have you eaten lunch yet?" Who wrote "Gone With The Wind"?

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31

Attribution is not set off by comma if it comes before a paraphrased quote except...

When using 'according to'.

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32

Numbers:

-Spell out numbers zero through nine unless beginning of sentence for all: -Ages -Percentages -Money -Times -Scores (minus years)

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33

Dimensions:

"He is 8 feet 2 inches tall." "9-by-12 rug" "There were seven houses on the 7-mile strip."

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34

Avoid vague terms such as...

"Many" "A lot" "Most"

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35

Three ways to get info:

-Research. -Observation. -Interviewing.

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36

Name Exception:

Children 15 and under use full name in all uses.

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37

Earned Titles:

Dr. or Sgt. can be used with the name on first reference, but generally are not used on second reference. -Only Dr. if medical professional.

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MLK

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

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39

Titles:

-Capitalize true titles, not false titles before the name. -Vice President of International Affairs Mike Foley. -Mayor Ed Foonman -Sgt. Joe Friday -Sen. Bluto Blutarsky

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40

No _______ are used with a name and title unless an article proceeds the name.

Commas

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41

_________ __________ usually just describe a person's work

False titles

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42

Title in proximity to name:

-If true title and precedes the name and is not separated from the name by other words or punctuation, you capitalize the title. -If the title is somehow separated from the name, lowercase it. -If the title follows the name, always lowercase it.

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43

College/Dept. rules:

Colleges are upper case, departments are lowercase.

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44

Write _____ percent of what you know

10

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45

News Values Pt 2:

-Impact. -Proximity. -Timeliness. -Prominence. -Novelty. -Conflict. -Relevance. -Usefulness. -Human interest

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46

If the event you refer to happened or will happen within one year of the publication date, don't use the year.

-Several new laws took effect July 1. -Foley was marshal May 3. He plans to do it again May 5. -Foley was born July 6, 1946.

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47

Days:

Days of the week are ALWAYS spelled out.

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48

Months:

-If the month is used with a specific date and the month is one that may be abbreviated, do so. -If the month is used by itself without a date, spell it out.

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49

Date endings:

Do not use th, nd, rd, etc. with dates.

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50

Periods of time:

Moe's Bar is open 9:30-2.

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51

Intro Phrases: Small

"Generally, space aliens are friendly, professor Joe said." "Moreover, he said."

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52

Intro Phrases: Medium

"In fact, her test score was higher because the professor made an error." "On the other hand, it made him angry."

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53

Intro Phrases: Large

Although, if, as, in order to, when "As far as I am concerned, reporting is a bit waste of time."

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54

FANBOYS:

-For -And -Nor -But -Or -Yet -So

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55

Sentences w/ Fanboys:

You should always have a comma before FANBOYS that join two sentence. If you do not have two subjects and two verbs separated by FANBOYS, no comma.

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56

Comma Splice:

No FANBOYS, joining two sentences.

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57

Oxford comma:

DON'T USE IT

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58

Interrupters:

Information that appears within the sentence but is separate from the subject.

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59

Fake Lede Formula:

-35 words max -No more than 1 comma. -Straightforward, declarative sentence. -Verb in simple past tense.

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60

Guidelines:

-S-V-O construction. -Active is often better than passive, but Foley is not a purist on that. -5 W's and H

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61

Numbers in Addresses:

Use figures for numbers in addresses

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62

When to abbreviate: Addresses

-St, Bvld, Ave. -Only abbreviate when used with a specific address. -Similar guidelines apply to direction.

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63

Examples of address abbreviation:

Correct: 234 SW Sixth St. (period if just E.) Correct: 10355 Paradise Blvd. Correct: He lived on Southwest 12th Street. (No number, spell out everything)

Incorrect: 3100 Redbug Rd. Incorrect: The original Hooters is on Cleveland St. in Clearwater. -Incorrect: Tampa's Bayshore Blvd. is a good place to meet women.

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64

Do you need the state?

Not if it's well known to your readers.

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65

Ranking numbers:

No. 1, No. 44, No. 3

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66

Advisor or Adviser?

Adviser

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67

Over, more than

Mean the same thing.

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68

Afterward, backward, toward

No s

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69

City Commission, School Board, County Commission

Always capitalized

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70

Collision, crash

Collision: two or more moving objects.

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71

Health care, child care

-Two words, no hyphen -Health care system

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72

Cancel:

Canceled, canceling, cancellation

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73

All right

Two words in all uses.

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74

Taser, dumpster.

-Taser must be capitalized. -Dumpster no longer capitalized.

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75

Lectern, podium.

Stage is a podium, lectern is what you think is a podium.

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76

Flip-flop.

Hyphen it out.

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77

Chairman, chairwoman.

-If you know the gender, then use it. -Same with spokesman or spokeswoman.

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78

Fewer, less.

Fewer is when you can count the objects, less for what you can't count. -Less than a half of tank of gas, fewer than 10 gallons.

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79

Flyer, flier

Handouts are now flyers.

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80

None was

Not "none were". "Not one."

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81

Couple were.

Considered a plural.

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82

Compliment, complement

Nice thing to say, things that go together.

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83

Grand jury:

Always lowercase.

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84

Inc., Corp., Co., Cos.

Always abbreviate

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85

OK:

OK, OK'd, OK'ing, OKs.

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86

First-grader, first-grade student, first grade.

Noun: no hyphen.

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87

Affect, effect.

Verb, noun verb. "Effect change"

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88

Year-round

Need hyphen

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89

Lady, gentleman.

Do not use

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90

Boy, girl.

After 18, no longer use.

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91

ATM, PIN

Not ATM machine. Not PIN number.

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92

Farther, further.

Farther distance, further depth.

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93

Between, among.

Between two people, among is 3 or more.

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94

Amid, among

No 'st'.

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95

Underway.

One word in all uses.

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96

Judgment

No e

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97

Fundraiser, fundraising.

One word, all uses.

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98

internet

No longer capitalized

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99

Graduated from high school, a couple of beers.

Use from and of

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100

Workout, workbook, workday, workforce, workhorse, workplace, workstation, workweek.

All one word

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