English final semester 1

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Loss of childhood innocence

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English

10th

121 Terms

1

Loss of childhood innocence

Becoming mature and realizing that there are bad things that happen in the world.

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2

Heartbreak and emotional turmoil

a dull ache, others as piercing, while still others experience it as a crushing sensation

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3

Struggle to find yourself/fit in

some don't necessarily know ourselves well enough to fully understand our true selves, this means that we will never be 100% sure of who we are, what we believe, and what we stand for

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4

Gaining independence through significant life events

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5

Community challenges

•Incongruence of values

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6

•Lack of research/practice skills

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7

•Funding issues

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8

•Who owns the data?

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9

•Significant time commitment to build and sustain relationship

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10

Where is the "power"?

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11

Taking emotional risks

doing something where you could be uncomfortable and/or rejected.

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12

Taking physical risks

the choice of an act "that could result in physical injury when there are alternative behaviors that do not do so

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13

Leaving your community/ change of environment

making changes to your environment makes it easier to do what's right without having to think about staying motivated, if you set up your surroundings so that making the best decisions comes easily, then you can set yourself up to practice better habits.

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14

Allegory

a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

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15

Fable

A brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters

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16

Irony

A contrast between expectation and reality

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17

Satire

the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.

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18

Author's purpose

The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)

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19

Five types of propaganda

  1. Logical Fallacy

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20
  1. Glittering Generalities

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21
  1. Testimonial

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22

4.Name calling

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23
  1. Fear

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24

Animal Farm Commandments

Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.

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25

Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.

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26

No animal shall wear clothes.

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27

No animal shall sleep in a bed.

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28

No animal shall drink alcohol.

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29

No animal shall kill any other animal.

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30

All animals are equal.

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31

Forms of Government (AF)

totalitarian state, soviet communism

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32

Cycle of Revolution (AF)

George Orwell was a story of tyranny, oppression, revolution, and then the repetition of that cycle.

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33

Animalism

Marxist Communism

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34

Benjamin (Animal Farm)

Skeptical people in Russia and outside Russia

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35

Boxer (Animal Farm)

Russia's working class

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36

Chickens (Animal Farm)

The Ukrainian peasants

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37

The Dogs (Animal Farm)

secret police

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38

Mollie (Animal Farm)

Valn, selfish people in Russia and world

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39

Mr. Fredericks/Pilkington

Two farmers that were out to get animal farm. Napoleon sells a pile to Fredericks, and ends up being cheated. Fredericks also destroys the windmill with dynamite after the pigs attack. Fredericks=Hitler Pilkington=Winston Churchill

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40

Mr. Jones (Animal Farm)

Tsar Nicholas II

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41

Napoleon (Animal Farm)

Joseph Stalin

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42

Old Major (Animal Farm)

Vladimir Lenin

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43

Sheep (Animal farm)

the part of society that allows others to manipulate them

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44

Snowball (Animal Farm)

Leon Trotsky

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45

Squealer (Animal Farm)

Stalins head of communist propaganda

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46

Things Fall Apart Setting(s)

Nigeria (fictional village of Umuofia)

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47

Author's purpose (Things Fall Apart)

He wants to educate his readers about the value of his culture as an African. Things Fall Apart provides readers with an insight of Igbo society right before the white missionaries' invasion on their land.

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48

Major conflicts (Things Fall Apart)

The conflict is between the traditional society of Umuofia and the new customs brought by the whites, which are in turn adopted by many of the villagers. Okonkwo also struggles to be as different from his deceased father as possible.

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49

Proverbs (TFA)

good things get to great people first before they reach people who are not as great

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50

Tragic Hero (TFA)

Okonkwo

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51

Abame (TFA)

When Obierika brings several bags of cowries to Okonkwo, he brings bad news, the village (Abame) had been destroyed

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52

Ani (TFA)

The goddess of fertility

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53

Chi (TFA)

an individual's personal god, whose merit is determined by the individual's good fortune or lack thereof.

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54

Chielo (TFA)

A priestess in Umuofia who is dedicated to the Oracle of the goddess Agbala.

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55

Christian converts (TFA)

Okonkwo, the main character, deals with a set of missionaries that come into his mother's tribe. They tell him, along with his community, that their beliefs and religion are wrong and that they should convert over to Christianity that only worships one God

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56

Cowries (TFA)

a kind of mollusk related to snails and found in warm seas; especially the shells of the money cowrie, formerly used as currency in parts of Africa and southern Asia

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57

District Commissioner (TFA)

a high-ranking British official who has been placed in charge of upholding the government, religion, and new laws that the colonists have set up in Umuofia

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58

Efulefu (TFA)

worthless men in the eyes of the community

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59

Egwugwu (TFA)

a representative of an ancestor from one of the villages that comprise Umuofia; Being an egwugwu is an honor, and men chosen to be egwugwu are respected within Umuofia

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60

Ekwefi (TFA)

Okonkwo's second wife, mother of Ezinma

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61

Enoch (TFA)

a quarrelsome man who takes up the white man's religion and rejects the religion of his ancestors

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62

Evil Forest (TFA)

The head egwugwu who speaks the decision of the egwugwu in meetings, also the place where twins are thrown; the new Christians build a church here

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63

Ezinma (TFA)

Okonkwo's eldest daughter and Ekwefi's only child to survive past infancy

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64

Ikemefuna (TFA)

a fifteen-year-old boy from the neighboring village of Mbaino who is given to Umuofia as recompense for the killing of an Umuofian woman by Ikemefuna's father (Okonkwo)

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65

Iyi-uwa (TFA)

sacred stone which links ogbanje to spirit world, solves recurring deaths

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66

Kola nuts

Is the food always broken and shared among visiting friends.

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67

Mbanta (TFA)

The village of Okonkwo's mother. He is exiled there for 7 years.

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68

Mr. Brown (TFA)

the first white Christian missionary in Umuofia and Mbanta

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69

Mr. Smith (TFA)

he's strict and uncompromising when it comes to religion, and even throws people out of his congregation for practicing native rituals

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70

Nwoye

Okonwo's first wife's son, converts to Christianity after being captured by the "poetry" of the religion, renamed Isaac

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71

ogbanje

a changeling; a child who repeatedly dies and returns to its mother to be reborn

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72

Obierika

Okonkwo's friend, sells Okonkwo's yams when he is gone, Maduka's father

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73

Okonkwo

An influential clan leader in Umuofia. Since early childhood, Okonkwo's embarrassment about his lazy, squandering, and effeminate father, Unoka, has driven him to succeed. Okonkwo's hard work and prowess in war have earned him a position of high status in his clan, and he attains wealth sufficient to support three wives and their children. Okonkwo's tragic flaw is that he is terrified of looking weak like his father. As a result, he behaves rashly, bringing a great deal of trouble and sorrow upon himself and his family.

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74

Oracle/Agbala

The Oracle of the Hills and the Caves, who influences all aspects of Umuofian life. She is based on the real Oracle at Awka, who controlled Igbo life for centuries.

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75

Umuofia

Okonkwo's village

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76

Unoka

Okonkwo's lazy, gentle, and idle father, debtor, good flute player, scared of blood, failure

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77

Week of Peace

week leading up to the new planting of yams; meant to pay respect to the earth goddess to try and obtain a good harvest

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78

Festival of the New Yam

Meant to praise the earth goddess. Begins before the actual harvest and everyone has to get rid of their old yams.

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79

Yams (TFA)

symbolize the sustainability of life, masculinity, and a man's ability to provide for his family

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80

Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sounds

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81

Allusion

A reference to another work of literature, person, or event

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82

Argument

A statement put forth and supported by evidence

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83

Audience

the listener, viewer, or reader of a text

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84

Claim

An assertion, usually supported by evidence

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85

Climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

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86

Conflict

A struggle between opposing forces

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87

Connotation

an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.

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88

Counterclaim

a claim made to rebut a previous claim.

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89

Denotation

The dictionary definition of a word

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90

Detail

an individual feature, fact, or item.

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91

Diction

A writer's or speaker's choice of words

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92

five types of imagery

visual(seeing)

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93

olfactory(hearing)

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94

gustatory(taste)

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95

auditory(hearing)

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96

tactile(touch)

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97

Five Types of Conflicts

person vs. self, person vs. person, person vs. society, person vs. fate, person vs. nature

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98

imply

to suggest

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99

Metaphor

A comparison without using like or as

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100

Oxymoron

A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.

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