AP Literature & Composition- Vocab Units #1-5

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acquisitive

1 / 99

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English

12th

100 Terms

1

acquisitive

(adj.) able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property Syn: greedy, avaricious, retentive Ant: altruistic

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2

arrogate

to claim or take without right syn: expropriate, commandeer ant: renounce, abdicate, abandon

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3

banal

hackneyed, trite, commonplace syn: stale, insipid ant: fresh, original, new

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4

belabor

(v.) to work on excessively; to thrash soundly syn: overwork

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5

carping

(adj.) tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way; (n.) petty, nagging criticism syn: nit-picking, caviling ant: approving, uncritical

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6

coherent

(adj.) holding or sticking together; making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful syn: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive ant: muddled, chaotic, disjointed

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7

congeal

(v.) to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid syn: harden, jelly, solidify ant: liquefy

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8

emulate

to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model syn: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to

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9

encomium

a formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute syn: panegyric, eulogy ant: condemnation, castigation, criticism

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10

eschew

to avoid, shun, keep away from syn: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo ant: embrace, adopt

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11

germane

(adj.) relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting syn: pertinent ant: irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate

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12

insatiable

so great or demanding as not to be satisfied syn: unquenchable, ravenous

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13

intransigent

refusing to compromise, irreconcilable syn: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate ant: flattering, ameliorate

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14

invidious

offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment syn: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative ant: flattering, ameliorate

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15

largesse

generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions syn: liberality, bounty ant: stinginess, miserliness, niggardliness

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16

reconnaissance

a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination syn: exploration

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17

substantiate

(v.) to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to syn: confirm, validate, authenticate ant: refute, disprove, invalidate

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18

taciturn

(adj.) habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little syn: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic ant: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose

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19

temporize

(v.) to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise syn: dillydally, procrastinate

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20

tenable

capable of being held or defended syn: defensible, justifiable, maintainable ant: indefensible, unjustifiable

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21

accost

to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way Syn: Buttonhole, approach Ant: avoid, shun

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22

animadversion

a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval Syn: rebuke, reproof Ant: praise, compliment

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23

avid

desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager Syn: keen, enthusiastic, grasping Ant: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic

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24

brackish

having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink Syn: saline Ant: clear, sweet

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25

celerity

swiftness, rapidity of motion or action Syn: promptness, speed Ant: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness

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26

devious

(adj.) straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way Syn: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful Ant: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard

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27

Gambit

(n.) in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type Syn: ploy, ruse, maneuver

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28

Halycon

(n.) a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher; (adj.) of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; happy, golden; prosperous, affluent Syn: tranquil, placid, palmy Ant: turbulent, tumultuous

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29

Histrionic

(adj.) pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic Syn: affected, stagy Ant: muted, untheatrical, subdued

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30

incendiary

(adj.) deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; (n.) one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife Syn: inflammatory, provocative, fireband Ant: soothing, quieting, peacemaker

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31

Maelstrom

(n.) a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction Syn: chaos, turbulence, tumult

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32

myopic

(adj.) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment Syn: shortsighted Ant: farsighted

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33

Overt

(adj.) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized Syn: clear, obvious, manifest, patent Ant: clandestine, covert, concealed

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34

pejorative

(adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling Ant: complimentary, ameliorative

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35

propriety

(n) the state of being proper, appropriateness; (pl) standards of what is proper or socially acceptable Syn: fitness, correctness Ant: unseemliness, inappropriateness

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36

Sacrilege

improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred Syn: desecration, profanation, defilement

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37

Summarily

(adv.) without delay or formality; briefly, concisely Syn: promptly, peremptorily

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38

suppliant

(adj.) asking humbly and earnestly; (n.) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor

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39

talisman

(n.) an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish

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40

undulate

(v.) to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form Syn: fluctuate, rise and fall

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41

viscous

(adj.) having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity syn: sticky, thick ant: watery, aqueous

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42

euology

(n.) a formal statement of commendation; high praise Syn: panegyric, encomium, tribute

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43

feckless

(adj.) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable Syn: feeble, incompetent, ineffectual ant: competent, capable, effective

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44

propinquity

(n.) nearness in place or time; kinship syn: similarity ant: remoteness, distance

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45

murky

(adj.) dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision syn: dim, cloudy ant: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid

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46

evince

(v.) to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke syn: exhibit, manifest, occasion

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47

dissemble

(v.) to disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression syn: dissimulate, mask, feign

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48

substantive

(adj.) real, having a solid basis; considerable in number or amount; meaningful and on topic syn: firm, substantial, meaty ant: imaginary, unreal, meaningless

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49

decry

(v.) to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate syn: denounce, censure, devalue ant: tout, commend, extol, laud, praise

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50

piquant

(adj.) stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provocative syn: zestful, tangy ant: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild

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51

verbiage

(n.) language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression syn: prolixity, diction, jargon

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52

primordial

(adj.) developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundamental, basic syn: original, primal

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53

nefarious

(adj.) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards syn: iniquitous, reprehensible ant: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious

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54

unwonted

(adj.) not usual or expected; not in character syn: unusual, uncommon, unexpected, atypical ant: usual, customary, typical

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55

cavort

to romp or prance around exuberantly; to make merry syn: gambol

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56

distraught

(adj.) very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict syn: distracted ant: calm, collected

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57

exhume

(v.) to remove from a grave; to bring to light syn: disinter, unearth, uncover ant: bury, inter

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58

utopian

(adj.) founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical syn: idealistic ant: realistic, pragmatic

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59

verdant

(adj.) green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment syn: artless, naive ant: scorched, sere, barren

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60

credence

belief, mental acceptance syn: credit, trust, confidence ant: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity

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61

stratagem

a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end syn: trick, ploy, subterfuge

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62

recumbent

in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting syn: prone, supine, inactive ant: erect, energetic, dynamic

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63

pusillanimous

contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited syn: lily-livered ant: stouthearted, courageous

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64

pecuniary

(adj.) consisting of or measured in money; of or related to money syn: monetary

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65

nettle

(n.) a prickly or stinging plant; (v.) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely syn: peeve, annoy, incense, gall ant: please, delight, soothe, pacify

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66

mordant

(adj.) biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh syn: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing ant: bland, mild, gentle, soothing

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67

ludicrous

ridiculous, laughable, absurd syn: risible, preposterous ant: heartrending, poignant, pathetic

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68

jocular

humorous, jesting, jolly, joking syn: waggish, facetious, droll ant: solemn, grave earnest, grim

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69

incumbent

(adj.) obligatory, required; (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of syn: mandatory, necessary ant: optional, unnecessary

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70

incarcerate

to imprison, confine, jail syn: intern ant: liberate, free

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71

grouse

(n.) a type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble syn: kvetch, bellyache

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72

glean

to gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers syn: cull, pick up

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73

frenetic

frenzied, highly agitated syn: frantic, overwrought ant: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely

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74

flotsam

floating debris; homeless, impoverished people syn: floating wreckage

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75

exigency

urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency syn: requirement, crisis

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76

disarray

(n.) disorder, confusion; (v.) to throw into disorder syn: disorganization, dishevel, mess up ant: organization, order, tidiness

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77

consummate

(adj.) complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v.) to bring to a state of completion or perfection syn: masterful, clinch, conclude

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78

concord

(n.) a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant ant: disagreement, strife, discord

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79

bastion

(n.) a fortified place, stronghold syn: citadel, rampart, parapet

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80

atrophy

(n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away syn: degeneration, deterioration, wither ant: growth, mature

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81

acuity

(n.) sharpness (particularly of the mind or senses) syn: acuteness, ant: dullness, obtuseness

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82

delineate

(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail; to represent pictorially syn: picture, render

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83

depraved

(adj.) marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles syn: perverted, degenerate, vicious, corrupt ant: moral, virtuous, uprights, uncorrupted

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84

enervate

(v.) to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring syn: impair, cripple, paralyze ant: invigorate, strengthen, buttress

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85

esoteric

(adj.) intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret syn: cryptic, arcane, recondite ant: accessible, comprehensible, intelligible

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86

fecund

fruitful in offspring or vegetation; intellectually productive syn: fertile, teeming, prolific ant: infertile, barren, unproductive

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87

fiat

(n.) an arbitrary order or decree; a command or act of will or consciousness syn: dictum

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88

figment

(n.) a fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion syn: invention, fancy

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89

garner

(v.) to acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use syn: collect, accumulate, accrue ant: scatter, squander, waste, dissipate

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90

hallow

(v.) to set apart as holy or sacred, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere syn: venerate, bless ant: defile, profane

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91

idiosyncrasy

a peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify syn: quirk, mannerism

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92

ignominy

(n.) shame and disgrace syn: humiliation, disrepute, odium ant: honor, acclaim

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93

mundane

(adj.) earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary syn: prosaic, humdrum, routine, sublunary ant: heavenly, spiritual, transcendental

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94

nuance

(n.) a subtle or slight variation (as in color, meaning, quality), delicate gradation or shade of difference syn: shade, nicety, refinement

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95

overweening

(adj.) conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate syn: arrogant, unbridled, inflated ant: restrained, understated, meek

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96

penchant

a strong attraction or inclination syn: proclivity, predilection ant: disinclination, aversion

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97

reputed

(adj.) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; (part.) alleged syn: putative, reputable ant: proven, corroborated, authenticated

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98

sophistry

(n.) reasoning that seems plausible but is actually unsound; a fallacy syn: specious reasoning

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99

sumptuous

costly, rich, magnificent syn: lavish, munificent, opulent, splendid ant: skimpy, stingy, niggardly, spartan

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100

ubiquitous

present or existing everywhere syn: pervasive, universal ant: restricted, limited, rare, scarce

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