Hesi vocab review

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abstain

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125 Terms

1

abstain

to voluntarily refrain from something

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2

accountable

to be responsible

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3

acute

sudden, intense

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4

adhere

to hold fast or stick together

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5

adverse

undesired, possibly harmful

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6

ambivalent

uncertain, having contradictory feelings

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7

ambulate

to walk

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8

apply

to place, put on, or spread something

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9

assent

to give consent; to agree

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10

audible

able to be heard

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11

bacteria

single-celled, microscopic organisms

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12

bilateral

present on two sides

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13

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

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14

cavity

an opening or empty area

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15

cease

come to an end or bring to an end

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16

chronic

lasting or recurring over a long period of time

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17

chronology

order of events as they occured

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18

compensatory

offsetting or making up for something

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19

concave

rounded inward

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20

concise

brief, to the point

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21

congenital

present at birth

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22

consistency

degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is in relation to how it flows

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23

constrict

to draw together or become smaller

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24

contingent

dependent

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25

contraindication

a reason something is not advisable or should not be done

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26

convulsive

having or causing convulsions, i.e., violent shaking of the body

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27

cursory

quick, perfunctory, not thorough

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28

defecate

expel feces

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29

deficit

A deficiency or lack of something

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30

depress

press downward

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31

depth

Downward measurement from a surface

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32

deteriorating

worsening

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33

diagnosis

Identification of an injury or disease

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34

diffuse

spread over a large area

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35

dilate

to enlarge or expand

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36

dilute

to make a liquid less concentrated

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37

discrete

distinct, separate

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38

distal

distant; away from the center (such as of the body)

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39

distended

Enlarged or expanded from pressure

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40

dysfunction

impaired or abnormal functioning

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41

empathy

ability to share what others are feeling

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42

equilibrium

balance

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43

etiology

the origin or cause of disease or condition

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44

exacerbate

to make worse or more severe

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45

exposure

to come in contact

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46

extension

lengthening; unbending a joint

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47

fatal

resulting in death

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48

fatigue

Extreme tiredness, exhaustion

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49

febrile

related to or caused by a fever

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50

flexion

bending a joint

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51

flushed

Reddened or ruddy appearance

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52

gastrointestinal

Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines

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53

hematologic

Of or relating to blood

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54

hydration

Maintenance of body fluid balance

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55

hygiene

Measures contributing to cleanliness and good health

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56

impaired

Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level

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57

impending

occurring in the near future, about to happen

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58

impervious

impenetrable, not allowing anything to pass through

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59

imply

to suggest without explicitly stating (sender)

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60

incidence

occurence

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61

infection

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organisms

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62

infer

to conclude or deduce (receiver)

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63

inflamed

reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender

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64

ingest

to swallow for digestion

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65

initiate

to begin or put into practice

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66

insidious

so gradual as to not become apparent for a long time (person not aware of condition developing)

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67

intact

in place, unharmed

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68

intubate

to insert a tube into something

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69

invasive

inserting or entering into a body part

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70

kinetic

of or relating to movement

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71

labile

changing rapidly and often (labile blood pressure)

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72

laceration

cut; tear

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73

latent

present but not active or visible (dormant)

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74

lateral

on the side

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75

lethargic

difficult to arouse

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76

manifestation

an indication or sign of condition

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77

musculoskeletal

of or relating to the muscle and skeleton

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78

neurologic

of or relating to the nervous system

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79

neurovascular

of or relating to the nervous system and blood vessels

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80

nutrient

substance or ingredient that provides nourishment

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81

occluded

closed or obstructed (circulation to the foot was ____)

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82

ongoing

continuous

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83

oral

giving through or affecting the mouth

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84

otic

of the ear

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85

parameter

a characteristic or constant factor, limit

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86

patent

open

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87

pathogenic

causing or able to cause disease

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88

pathology

processes, causes, and effects of a disease; abnormality

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89

posterior

located behind; in the back

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90

potent

producing a strong effect

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91

potential

capable of occurring or likely to occur

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92

precaution

preventive measure

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93

precipitous

rapid, uncontrolled

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94

predispose

to make more susceptible or more likely to occur

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95

preexisting

already present

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96

primary

first or most significant

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97

priority

of great importance

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98

prognosis

the anticipated or expected course or outcome

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99

rationale

the underlying reason

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100

recur

to occur again

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