Exploring Medical Terminology Chapter 14

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Arthr/o

1 / 111

Tags and Description

112 Terms

1

Arthr/o

Joint

New cards
2

Burs/o

Bursa

New cards
3

Chrondr/o

cartilage

New cards
4

disk/o

intervertebral disk

New cards
5

menisc/o

meniscus

New cards
6

synovi/o

synovia

New cards
7

Ten/o

Tendon

New cards
8

Ankyl/o

stiff, bent

New cards
9

kinesi/o

movement, motion

New cards
10

Kyph/o

hump (kyphosis)

New cards
11

lamin/o

lamina

New cards
12

lord/o

bent forward (lordosis)

New cards
13

my/o, myos/o

muscles

New cards
14

necro/o

death

New cards
15

oste/o

bone

New cards
16

sarc/o

flesh, connective tissue

New cards
17

scoli/o

(lateral) curved (spine)

New cards
18

phalang/o

phalanx, phalanges (fingers and. toes)

New cards
19

patell/o

patella (knee cap)

New cards
20

cost/o

ribe

New cards
21

tars/o

tarsals (ankle bones)

New cards
22

carp/o

wrist (carpal tunnel)

New cards
23

inter-

between

New cards
24

supra-

above

New cards
25

sym-, syn-

together, joined

New cards
26

brady

slow

New cards
27

-asthenia

weakness

New cards
28

-desis

surgical fixation, fusion

New cards
29

-physis

growth

New cards
30

-schisis

split, fissure

New cards
31

-trophy

nourshiment, development

New cards
32

myasthenia

muscle weakness

New cards
33

suprascapular

above the scapula

New cards
34

flexion

bent

New cards
35

extension

straight

New cards
36

lyme disease

mimic several muscoloskeletal diseases bull’s eye

New cards
37

muscular dystrophy (MD)

degeneration of muscle and weakness

New cards
38

dislocation

displacement of bones in a joint

New cards
39

osteoporosis

abnormal loss in bone density

New cards
40

chondromalacia

softening of cartlilage

New cards
41

diskitis

inflammation of an intervertebral disk

New cards
42

fibromyalagia

pain in the fibrous tissues and muscles

New cards
43

ganglion cyst

collection of jellylike fluid forming a benign mass

New cards
44

lordosis

bending forward (sway back)

New cards
45

kyphosis

humpback hump in thoracic spine

New cards
46

scoliosis

abnormal curved spine

New cards
47

osteochonditis

inflammation of the bone and cartilage

New cards
48

osteomalacia

softening of bone

New cards
49

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone and bone marrow

New cards
50

osteopenia

abnormal refuction of bone mass (can lead to osteoporosis )

New cards
51

osteosarcoma

malignant tumor of the bone

New cards
52

polymyositis

inflammation of many muscles

New cards
53

rachischisis

fissure of the vertebral column (spina bifida)

New cards
54

myasthenia

gravis is a chronic disease muscle weakness thought to be caused by defect in transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle

New cards
55

myeloma

tumor of the bone marrow (malignant)

New cards
56

osteoarthritis

bone joint inflammation

New cards
57

tendonitis

inflammation of tendons

New cards
58

bursitis

inflammation of the bursae

New cards
59

fracture

broken bone

New cards
60

gout

New cards
61

herniated disk

New cards
62

bunion

New cards
63

carpal tunnel syndrom

New cards
64

spinal stenosis

New cards
65

plantar fascitis

inflammation of plantar fascia connective tissue of the sole of the foot (heel pain)

New cards
66

spondylolisthesis

New cards
67

rheumatoid arthritis

New cards
68

plasty

surgical repir

New cards
69

chondro/plasty

surgical repair of the cartilage

New cards
70

cranio/plasty

surgical repair of the skull

New cards
71

teno/myo/plasty

surgical repair of the tendon and muscle

New cards
72

-ectomy

excision of

New cards
73

diskectomy

excision of a intervertebral disk

New cards
74

phalangectomy

excision of a finger or toe bone

New cards
75

tarsectomy

excision of one or more tarsal bones

New cards
76

laminectomy

excision of lamina

New cards
77

-rrhaphy

suturing

New cards
78

myorrhaphy

suturing of muscle

New cards
79

terlorrhaphy

suturing of tendon

New cards
80

desis

surgical fixation or fusion

New cards
81

arthodesis

surgical fixation of a joint

New cards
82

spondylosyndesis

fusing together of the vertebrae

New cards
83

-otomy

incision into

New cards
84

osteotomy

incision into bone

New cards
85

rachiotomy

incision into the vertebral column

New cards
86

craniotomy

incision into the cranium

New cards
87

TKA

total knee arthropasty replace the worn surfaces of knee joint

New cards
88

THA

total hip arthroplasty indicated for degenerative joint disease or rhumatoid arthritis

New cards
89

rheumatologist

studies muscoskeletal disorders characterized by inflammation

New cards
90

chiropractor

manipulation of the vertebral columnp

New cards
91

podiatrist

feet

New cards
92

brady/kinesia

New cards
93

hyper/kinesia

New cards
94

dyskinesia

New cards
95

feoral

femur

New cards
96

humeral

humerus

New cards
97

sternal

sterum

New cards
98

osteonecrossi

bone death

New cards
99

prostheisis

substite fro missing body part

New cards
100

crepitus

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 62 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard79 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard114 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard98 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)