AHS-102 Blood System

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Chapter 6

143 Terms

1

agglutin/o

clumping (cf)

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2

bas/o

base (cf)

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3

chrom/o

color (cf)

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4

coagul/o

clotting (cf)

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5

eosin/o

rosy red (cf)

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6

fus/o

pouring (cf)

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7

granul/o

granules (cf)

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8

hem/o, hemat/o, sanguin/o

blood (cf)

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9

morph/o

shape (cf)

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10

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord (cf)

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11

neutr/o

neutral (cf)

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12

phag/o

eat, swallow (cf)

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13

septic/o

infection

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14

-apheresis

removal (s)

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15

-crit

separation of (s)

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16

-cytic

pertaining to cells (s)

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17

-cytosis

more than the normal number of cells (s)

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18

-emia

blood condition (s)

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19

-globin

protein (s)

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20

-oid

resembling (s)

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21

-penia

abnormal decrease (s)

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22

-phil

attracted to (s)

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23

-philia

condition of being attracted to (s)

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24

-philic

pertaining to being attracted to (s)

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25

-plastic

pertaining to formation (s)

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26

-plastin, -poiesis

formation (s)

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27

-rrhagic

pertaining to abnormal flow (s)

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28

-stasis

standing still (s)

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29

The aerage adult has about _______ of blood.

5 liters

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30

Blood cells are produced in the ________.

bone marrow

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31

Plasma

55% of the blood, 90% water, 10% dissolved substances (proteins)

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32

albumin

transports fatty substances

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33

gamma globulins

act as antibodies

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34

fibrinogen

clotting protein

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35

Erythrocytes

red blood cells, enucleated biconcave disks, 35 trillion in adults, live 120 days, removed by spleen

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36

hemoglobin

gives red blood cells their color, pigment containing iron, responsible for transporting oxygen

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37

leukocytes

white blood cells, spherical with a large nucleus, protect against pathogens, granulocytes & agranulocytes

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38

granulocytes

have granules in cytoplasm, basophils & eosinophils & neutrophils

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39

basophils

release histamine and heparin to damaged tissue

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40

eosinophils

destroy parasites and increase during allergic reactions

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41

neutrophils

engulf foreign material and dead cells via phagocytosis

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42

argranulocytes

do not have granules, monocytes & lymphocytes

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43

monocytes

engulf foreign and damaged cells via phagocytosis

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44

lymphocytes

provide protection during the immune response

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45

platelets

smallest formed element of the blood, platelike fragments of larger cells that have broken apart, crtitical to blood clotting

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46

marker proteins

on the surface of erythrocytes, cause different blood types

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47

Type A Blood

can receive types A and O

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48

Type B Blood

can receive types B and O

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49

Type AB Blood

can receive all types of blood

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50

Type O Blood

can only receive O blood, but is universal donor

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51

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52

erythr/o

red (cf)

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53

fibrin/o

fibers

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54

leuk/o

white (cf)

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55

lip/o

fat (cf)

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56

lymph/o

lymph (cf)

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57

phleb/o

vein (cf)

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58

thromb/o

clot (cf)

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59

-ia

condition (s)

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60

-ion

action (s)

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61

-lytic

destruction (s)

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62

-oma

mass (s)

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63

-otomy

cutting into (s)

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64

a-, an-

without (p)

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65

anti-, contra-

against (p)

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66

auto-

self (p)

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67

dys-

abnormal (p)

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68

homo-

same (p)

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69

hyper-

excessive (p)

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70

hypo-

insufficient (p)

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71

mono-

one (p)

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72

pan-

all (p)

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73

poly-

many (p)

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74

trans-

across (p)

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75

basophilic

pertaining to a WBC that attracts a basic pH stain

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76

eosinophilic

pertaining to a WBC that attracts a rosy red stain

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77

lymphocytic

pertaining to a WBC formed in lyphatic tissue

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78

monocytic

pertaining to a WBC with a single large nucleus

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79

neutrophilic

pertaining to a WBC that attracts neutral pH stain

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80

sanguineous

pertaining to blood

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81

coagulate

to convert a liquid to solid, blood clotting

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82

dyscrasia

general term for disease affectng blood

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83

thrombus

hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris that is the result of the blood-clotting process

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84

hemophilia

genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clotting factor

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85

hyperlipidemia

excessive level of lipids in the bloodstream; risk factor for atheroclerosis

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86

septicemia

having bacteria or their toxins in the bloodstream; also called blood poisoning

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87

anemia

group of conditions characterized by a reduction in number of RBCs or the amount of hemoglobin; results in less oxygen reaching tissues

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88

aplastic anemia

severe anemia; may require bone marrow transplant

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89

hemolytic reaction

destruction of RBCs when a patient receives an incompatible blood transfusion

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90

polycythemia vera

condition of having too many RBCs; blood is too thick and flows sluggishly

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91

thalassemia

genetic disorder in which the body is unable to produce functioning hemoglobin

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92

leukemia

cancer of white blood cell-forming portion of bone marrow; results in large number of abnormal and immature WBCs circulating in bloodstream

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93

blood analyzer

automated machine that analyzes different characteristics of a blood specimen

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94

blood culture and sensitivity (C&S)

incubation of blood to identify bacteria and determine the best antibiotic to use against them

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95

complete blood count (CBC)

counts all elements of blood

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96

erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

determines rate at which RBCs settle in a test tube

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97

hematocrit (HCT, Hct, crit)

measures amount of hemoglobin present

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98

prothrombin time

measures how long it takes for blood to coagulate and form a clot

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99

white blood cell differential (diff)

determines the number of each variety of white blood cell

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100

bone marrow aspiration

sample of bone marrow removed by aspiration and examined for diseases such as leukemia and aplastic anemia

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