RELS 1101

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Homer

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Greek Mythology

180 Terms

1

Homer

Who were the hymns written by? Questionable authorship.

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2

Post Homeric

Time of the homeric hymns

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3

Hymnos

refers to a song sung in honour of a divine figure

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4

in media res

where does the homeric hymns start?

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5

Shining

meaning of Apollo’s name, alluding to him being a sun god

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6

Doric apella

Assembley

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7

Linear B

Apollo did not appear here so he was not worshiped during the Mycenaean age.

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8

Dark Ages

when did Apollo’s cult start?

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9

Liminal figure

Apolo is considered a _______; a threshold who stands between 2 stages of life.

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10

Laurel wreath

placed on the head which indicates one’s success in their artistic endeavour.

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11

lyre, kithara

Apollo is often depicted with either these musical instrument.

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12

Leto

mother of Apollo who had a hard time giving birth. she had to negotiate to be able to give birth.

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13

Delos

Which land was barren then bloomed with gold , despite having no natural resource, from the birth of a god.

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14

Delos

has the shrine of Apollo; a site of pilgrimage

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15

Water Nymph, Monster

Two things that Apollo faces and becomes a hindrance to him.

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16

Delphi oracle

most famous of them all. can be a site for major poetry contests

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17

dactylic hexameter

the measure in which the oracle/ message were given in the Delphi oracle

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18

Omphalos Stone

Center of the Earth, chosen by zeus; the very stone which was swallowed by Kronus

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19

Pythian Dragon

Slayed by Apollo

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20

Delos

where Leto wandered and sought for help in living birth.

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21

Delphi

Apollo’s search

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22

travelled everywhere

What did Apollo do to establish his power and become a suitable an hellenistic god?

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23

Rheia

Mother of Demeter

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24

Demeter

Goddess of corn, crops, human fertility

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25

Barley Mother

Etymology of De+Meter

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26

Demeter and Persephone

Always together; referred to as the demeters of the goddesses

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27

Hecate and Helios

Who told Demeter about the abduction of persephone>

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28

Eleusis

Where Demeter goes and was hired as a nanny

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29

Pomegranate Seeds

What persephone eats; may have sexual connotations.

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30

Winter

when persephone is with hades

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31

spring

when persephone comes back home.

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32

Aetiology

explanation of the origin of something; in the case of Demeter, the origin of the seasons.

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33

Zeus, Hades, and Gaia

Gods involved in the divine conspiracy to capture persephone.

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34

Theoxeny

Hospitality to a god

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35

Eleusian Mystery

the great mystery that lasted for a week. Demeter has a temple here.

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36

Maia

Mother of hermes

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37

Hermile

Stone heap; attested in linear b

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38

Hermes

A multifaceted god; messenger, negotiator, a guide; their; lovable rascal

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39

Hermes

develops the lyre figures out how to kindle a fire ; associated with flocks and shepherds

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40

Hermes

Depicted as bearded, wears traveller’s garment (hat and shows with wings)

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41

Caduceus

a scepter carried by Hermes; staff with interwinding snakes

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42

Diacturos/Angelo

Apollo as Messenger

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43

Hoidios

Apollo as people-shepherd

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44

Psychopompous / psychogoge

Apollo as leader of souls

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45

Agoraea

Apollo as merchant and thieves (of the market)

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46

Pylaios

Apollo as doorkeeper

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47

Herm

Box with a head and genetalia; meant to turn away bad spirits

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48

Differentiating from apollo

How does Hermes defines himself?

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49

Aristocrat

Apollo (Apollo vs. Hermes)

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50

Up and coming businessman

Hermes (Apollo vs. hermes)

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51

Honor, wealth and power

what does hermes want of apollo

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52

Cave

Hermes refers to his house as what?

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53

Manipulation of truth

how is hermes’ Metis reflected?

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54

Comedy

This takes place when hermes invokes the laughter of Zeus

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55

Comedy

Movement from sadness to hapiness

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56

Tragoidia

goat song; goats are sacrificed; probably sung during sacrifice.

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57

Dithyramb

passionate or inflated speech/poem (singing+dance)

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58

Dionysus

god of wine; a newer god

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59

Dionysian feast in athens

they would send playwright of tragedies and winner gets a prize

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60

Satyr

a lighter performance; usually shown after a tragedy

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61

men

who would play the parts in a play?

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62

tragedy trait

ending is a disaster but it was by their own decision

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63

Hamartia

not a tragic flaw; missing the mark; sin; short coming; not a defect of character

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64

Stage

where are tragedies meant to be?

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65

Catharsis

emotional relief; permeation; cleansing

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66

Tragedian

writer of the text of the playwright

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67

Choreogos

Producer, director and leader of chorus

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68

Hypokrites

actors; paid by the coreogos

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69

Chorus

group of performers who sing and dance; paid by the civic government

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70

Body and voice

since actors would wear masks, what are their main tools?

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71

Orchestra

space for chorus; dancing area

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72

Skene

backdrop of the stage

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73

Proskenion

Rectangular stage behind the orchestra where actors appear

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74

Eisodos and Parados

Entrances/ Exits on each side of the theatre

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75

Ekkuklema

Wheel behind a backdrop to show dead bodies

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76

Theatron

Where the audience seats

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77

Prologue

introduces subject and situation of a play

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78

parados

entry; comes in and fills in missing information

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79

episode

scene; individual scenes between characters

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80

Stasimon

Before episode; choral response/ commentary

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81

Kommon

dialogue between characters to talk about the problem

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82

exodus

final conclusion

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83

Strophe and Antistrophe

action of the chorus while moving in one direction to the other

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84

Order

thing we see in a tragedy that is needed in both human and divine space

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85

oikos and polis

always dysfunctional in a tragedy

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86

aeschylus

Early tragedian; same time as Thespis; most of his life is spent in either Athens or Sicily. had background of military service.

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87

Oresteia

Trilogy; Agamemnon, libation bears, furies (all addressing one main theme)

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88

Tragedy

exposes us to extreme kind of instances

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89

Nostos of Agamemnon

What is the first book in oresteia all about?

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90

Miasma

blood guilt; moral strain in the household

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91

tantalus

he reaches for an apple and it retracts itself; he goes to drink for water and the level goes down.

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92

Thyestes

Brother of Atreus; Atreus’ wife cheats on him with this person

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93

Aegisthus

lover of clytemnestra; oddly feminine

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94

carpet scene

scene when Agamemnon reaches home; has imagery of blood flowing in the halls

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95

Lex Talionis

principle of retaliation; law of revenge

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96

cassandra

a seer that has a gift of prophecy from Apollo but was cursed not to be believed.

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97

Off stage

where does the violence happen in a play?

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98

Argive eldres

in Agamemnon, who makes up the chorus?

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99

Nests of Orestes

What is the beginning of Libation bearers?

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100

appease Agamemnon’s spirit

What is the goal of the libation bearers when they go to the grave?

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