Language and Composition: Vocabulary List #1

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Alliteration

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27 Terms
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Alliteration

The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words

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connotation

The non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning

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Denotation

The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color

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Diction

Related to style, refers to the writer’s word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness

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Exposition

A comprehensive description and explanation of an idea of theory

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Extended Metaphor

A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work

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Figurative language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid

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Figure of Speech

A device used to produce figurative language

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Genre

The major category into which a literary work fits

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Homily

This term literally means “sermon,” but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice

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Hyperbole

A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

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Imagery

The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions

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Inference

To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented

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Irony

The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant, or the difference between what appears to be and what is actually true

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Metaphor

A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity

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Mood

The prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work

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Narrative

The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events

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Onomatopoeia

A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words

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Personification

A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions

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Prose

one of the major divisions of genre, refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms

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Repetition

The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern

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Rhetorical question

A question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer

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Sarcasm

bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something

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Symbol/Symbolism

anything that represents itself and stands for something else

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Thesis

the sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author’s opinion, purpose, meaning, or position

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Transition

A word or phrase that links different ideas

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Understatement

the ironic minimalizing of fact, presents something as less significant than it is

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