Chapter 3: Social Structure and the Individual

studied byStudied by 117 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Role Conflict

1 / 39

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
40
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
40 Terms
1
New cards

Role Conflict

An inconsistency between two or more of the roles we fill

New cards
2
New cards

Social Groups

Two or more people with similar values and expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis

New cards
3
New cards

Ehrenreich

Writer and social activist who spent a year trying to live on low-wage, low-status jobs and experienced first-hand the struggles of the working poor.

New cards
4
New cards

Social Structure

The set of social statuses, roles, groups, networks, and institutions that organize and influence the way people go about their lives

New cards
5
New cards

Achieved Status

Status that results from your efforts

New cards
6
New cards

Rooks

Interdisciplinary scholar who highlighted how Black women's hairstyles influenced their ability to enter lucrative, high status occupations such as law, finance, and business consulting.

New cards
7
New cards

Ascribed Status

Status that is assigned to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents, efforts, or characteristics

New cards
8
New cards

Castells

Sociologist who argued that digital technology has transformed social networking

New cards
9
New cards

Weber

Classical social theorist who argued that social status is closely related to life chances

New cards
10
New cards

Social Institutions

The central domains of social life that guide our behaviors and meet our basic social needs

New cards
11
New cards

Thompson

Feminist scholar who interviewed Black women about how they style their hair in order to understand beauty standards and how they can be changed

New cards
12
New cards

Social Roles

The set of expectations concerning the behavior and attitudes of people who occupy a particular social status

New cards
13
New cards

Social Network

A series of social relationships that link a person directly to other individuals and indirectly to even more people

New cards
14
New cards

Life Chances

The opportunities to provide yourself with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable life experiences

New cards
15
New cards

Social Statuses

A person or group's socially determined positions within a large group or society

New cards
16
New cards

Norms

The rules and expectations by which a group guides the behavior of its members

New cards
17
New cards

Blumer

Micro-sociologist who developed symbolic-interaction theory

New cards
18
New cards

Resocialization

The socialization process by which we adopt new norms and identities

New cards
19
New cards

Mills

Sociologist who coined the phrase "the sociological imagination"

New cards
20
New cards

Merton

Macro-sociologist who argued that we make choices based on the resources available to achieve our goals

New cards
21
New cards

Veiling

The Muslim practice of wearing a hijab or veil

New cards
22
New cards

Self-Concept

The thoughts and feelings we have for ourselves as physical, social, and emotional beings

New cards
23
New cards

Macro-Sociology

The analysis large scale social structures and forces

New cards
24
New cards

Cultural Capital

The knowledge, skills, behaviors and other valuable resources that help individuals achieve socio-economic success

New cards
25
New cards

Read and Bartowski

Authors of a study of Muslim women's attitudes towards wearing a veil

New cards
26
New cards

Sociological Imagination

An understanding of the interplay between social structure and agency

New cards
27
New cards

Micro-Sociology

The analysis of individual identities and interactions

New cards
28
New cards

Agents of Socialization

The individuals, groups, and organizations that influence your sense of self and help you learn the ways of being a member of society

New cards
29
New cards

Reflexivity

The process of evaluating our position in the social world, the rules we are expected to follow, and the resources we have at our disposal or can acquire

New cards
30
New cards

Symbolic Interaction

The study of human interaction by focusing on the words and gestures that people use and the meanings they create about the world

New cards
31
New cards

Looking-Glass Self

The way our perception of how others see us affects our sense of self

New cards
32
New cards

Cooley

Sociologist who developed the concept of the looking-glass self

New cards
33
New cards

Lorber

Sociologist who found that individuals are socialized into their gender identities, status, and roles from birth

New cards
34
New cards

Socialization

The experiences that give us an identity and teach us how to be members of society.

New cards
35
New cards

Structure of Opportunity

The unequal distribution of resources and opportunities across society.

New cards
36
New cards

Kuhn and McPartland

Authors of the Twenty-Statements Test, which is used by sociologists and psychologist to measure self-concept

New cards
37
New cards

Bourdieu

French sociologist who developed the concept of cultural capital

New cards
38
New cards

Generalized Other

The values and norms of the larger culture, that are used to guide your actions

New cards
39
New cards

Mead

Sociologist who argued that social experiences and interactions shape your identity.

New cards
40
New cards

Agency

Acting on your own will

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 38 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 75 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1591 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(14)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard75 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard71 terms
studied byStudied by 99 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard66 terms
studied byStudied by 208 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)