Ela Test

studied byStudied by 143 People
5.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Antagonist

1/29

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
29
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
29 Terms
New cards

Antagonist

The person or force who opposes the protagonist; tries to prevent the protagonist from reaching their goal.

New cards
New cards

Characterization

The methods a writer uses to communicate information about characters to readers. When the author tells the reader directly about a character, it is called direct characterization. When the author shows the character in action and lets readers draw their own conclusions, it is called indirect characterization.

New cards
New cards

Climax

The moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict. Most often, the climax occurs before the actual ending of the story.

New cards
New cards

Complication

Any obstacle that increases the tension of the story conflict.

New cards
New cards

Conflict

Involves a struggle between two opposing forces; generally a protagonist and antagonist/antagonistic force. The four major conflict types are Person v. Nature, Person v. Person, Person v. Self and Person v. Society.

New cards
New cards

Description

Representation of characters, scenes, or action, used to make the story more vivid for the reader.

New cards
New cards

Dialogue

The actual words that characters speak. Authors use dialogue to portray characters and to dramatize conflict.

New cards
New cards

Dramatic Irony

A technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more about the dramatic situation than the characters know.

New cards
New cards

Exposition

Background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the story to the reader.

New cards
New cards

Falling Action

The part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension.

New cards
New cards

Foreshadowing

A writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.

New cards
New cards

Hyperbole

An exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect.

New cards
New cards

Inciting Force

The event or character that triggers the conflict.

New cards
New cards

Irony

A particular tone created when what occurs is the opposite of what you expect.

New cards
New cards

Mood

The overall feeling - light and happy or dark and brooding, for example - created by an author's choice of words.

New cards
New cards

Narrator

A speaker or character who tells a story.

New cards
New cards

Point of View

The perspective from which a story is told.

New cards
New cards

Protagonist

The central character(s) of the story; has a goal that he/she is trying to reach.

New cards
New cards

Resolution

The conclusion of the story. This is how the story is wrapped up - it doesn't have to be a "happy" ending. Another term for resolution is denouement.

New cards
New cards

Rising Action

The part of the story in which the tension rises. Rising action comes after the inciting force and builds to its highest point of tension at the story's climax.

New cards
New cards

Setting

The environment in which the story takes place.

New cards
New cards

Structure

The framework that determines how a story is put together - its "skeleton." The structure of many stories includes four basic parts: exposition, inciting force, climax, and resolution.

New cards
New cards

Style

The characteristic ways that an individual author uses language - including word choice, length and complexity of sentences, patterns of sound, and use of imagery and symbols.

New cards
New cards

Suspense

Techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story and wondering what will happen next.

New cards
New cards

Symbol

An image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea (or ideas) beyond its literal meaning.

New cards
New cards

Theme

The message or lesson that the author intends to communicate by telling the story. Themes are often universal truths that are suggested by the specifics of the story. Themes are told in complete sentences.

New cards
New cards

Tone

The clues in a story that suggest the writer's (or narrator's) own attitude toward elements of his or her story.

New cards
New cards

Understatement

A figure of speech in which the speaker says less than what he or she actually feels.

New cards
New cards

Verbal Irony

When the speaker says one thing but means/feels the opposite.

New cards