macromolecules

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6 common elements

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35 Terms

1

6 common elements

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur

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most common element

carbon

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carbon forms macromolecules, such as(4)...

Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids

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the process in which macromolecules are formed

Polymerization

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monomers joined together

polymers

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Polymers are formed

dehydration synthesis

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Carbohydrates form

cellulose

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the reverse of dehydration synthesis, bonds between monomers are broken by adding water.

hydrolysis

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single sugar monomers

monosaccharides

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Monosaccharides include

anything that ends in (ose)

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large macromolecules (polymers) formed from three or more monosaccharides

Polysaccharides

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contructed from two monosaccharides by dehydration synthesis

Disaccharide

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a polysaccharide that is the main component in the hard outer shell of animals such as shellfish

Chitin

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storage molecules, which cells break down as needed to obtain sugar

polysaccharides

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consists entirely of glucose monomers(carbohydrate) examples are pasta and rice

Starch

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pasta, rice, bread, potatoes

Carbohydrates

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elements in carbohydrates

C, H, O

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Carbohydrate monomer

Monosaccharides

<p>Monosaccharides</p>
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SHORT TERM ENERGY; Used for structural purposes (cell wall and exoskeletons)

Carbohydrate

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3 carbohydrates that end in ose

glucose, lactose, galatose

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fats, oils, waxes, steroids

Lipids

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Elements of Lipids

Mostly C and H, also some O

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Lipid monomers

Glycerol and 3 fatty acids

<p>Glycerol and 3 fatty acids</p>
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Lipid Function

Long term energy storage; Makes up the cell membrane

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polymer of a lipid

triglyceride, or fat molecule

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solid at room temperature; single bond carbon atom

Saturated Lipids

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liquid at room temperature; double bond carbon atom

Unsaturated Lipids

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Muscles, Skin, Hair, Enzymes

examples of Protein

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elements of protein

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

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protein monomer

amino acids

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Functions of proteins(4 things)

transports substances between cells Forms bones and muscles Controls rate of chemical reactions regulates cell processes

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DNA, RNA, ATP

Nucleic Acids

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monomer of nucleic acids

nucleotides

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functions of nucleic acids

Store and transmit genetic information

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chicken, beef, pork, dairy, beans

protein

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