Chapter 6 History Test Review

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Imperialism

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82 Terms

1

Imperialism

a country attempt to use military, economic, social, or religious forces to overcome another country .

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2

What was said about England?

“The sun never sets on the British Empire.”

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3

A.T. Mahan writes a book and does what?

  • gets read by Roosevelt

  • is about oceanic trade and the Panama Canal

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4

Yellow Journalism:

written about sex, crime, and violence to get viewers

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5

Cuban Revolution was against:

Spain

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6

Valerino Weyler is the

buthcher

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7

What was written about?

Cubans put into camps.

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8

Police Presence at Havana

U.S.S. Main (explodes and blames Spain)

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9

After the explosion,

the US declares war (north and south fight together)

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10

Battle of Manilla Bay

  • Spanish are easily defeated

  • 1 dead

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11

Roosevelt takes credit for

Win at San Juan Hill

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12

Spanish-American War

  • 3 months and 5000 casualties

  • Cuba, Guam, Philipines, Puerto Rico

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13

American Empire

  1. large military

  2. outsourcing

  3. companies move overseas

  4. racism

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14

Rough Riders were

a military unit on horseback that charged San Juan

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15

William Randolph Hearst vs Joseph Pulitzer

William Randolph Hearst, publisher of the New York Journal, and his arch-rival, Joseph Pulitzer, publisher of the New York World, are credited with the creation of yellow journalism.”

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16

War in Philippines

  • 3 years to subdue a revolt in the Philippines

  • undeclared and away from home

  • led by Emilio Aguinaldo

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17

How many died in Philippine War?

60,000 Philippines killed

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18

The Philippines were a part of the US until

January 1, 1946

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19

US made camps like

the Spanish against Cubans

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20

The War ends with

the capture of Emilio

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21

Mckinley, president, is

popular and makes the US an empire but dies.

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22

Roosevelt becomes president and is

imperialistic

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23

Great White Fleet

big ships go to other countries ports.

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24

Big Stick Policy

“always have a plan”

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25

Bad Neighbor

against Latin America

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26

Panama Canal

prices of goods will drop

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27

Treaty of Portsmouth

ends Russian-Japanese War and Roosevelt gets the Nobel Prize

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28

Gentlemen’s Agreement

Schools allow Japanese Americans and limit immigration

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29

Progressivism

embrace of government (liked by populists)

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30

Ida Tarbell

journalist who wrote about Standard Oil (Rockefeller Monopoly)

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31

Muckraker

exposes truth

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32

George Wearing

wrote about sanitation and begins sewer system to dispose of caca

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33

Galveston Hurricane

leads to the creation of the US Commission System to put the city back together

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34

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

fire breaks out and traps many people which will lead NY to rewrite labor laws

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35

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

caused the Food and Drug Act to label foods and meat inspections.

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36

Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive President)

will create Hepburn Act, Trust-busting, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act

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37

Square Deal

breaks up monopolies

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38

Gifford Pinchot

tied himself to trees to experience and makes friends with Roosevelt

  • becomes head of Forestry Dept.

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39

Conservation

using land sustainably to preserve it for future generations, rather than allowing it to be exploited and lost forever.

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40

Payne, Aldrich Tariff

way to make revenue (allowed by Taft) and splits the parties

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41

William Howard Taft

unwillingly becomes president with a judicial mindset

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42

Who calls out who and gets fired?

Pinchot fights over land and calls out Taft to get him fired.

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43

Taft does what?

undoes everything that Roosevelt did

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44

Roosevelt believed in

the big stick policy

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45

Taft believed in

Dollar Diplomacy

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46

Election of 1912:

  • big business supports Taft

  • Commons support Roosevelt

    • party splits

  • Bullmore Party is a progressive republican party

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47

Roosevelt gets shot but

lives and continues to campaign

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48

Woodrow Wilson

Underwood Tariff, Federal Reserve Act, Clayton Anti-Trust Act

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49

Underwood Tariff

lowers tariff

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50

Federal Reserve Act

feds control money which controls interest rates and hazards to borrowing

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51

Clayton Anti-trust Act

protects labor unions and allows collective trade bargaining

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52

Roosevelt creates

Hepburn Act which stops railroad corruption

  • child labor

  • enforcement

  • fair rates, no pods

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53

Reason 1 for WW1

Jackie Fisher renovates the English Navy (Germany vs. England)

  • Droughnought = SUPER SHIP

  • A.T. Mahan wants to rule the world and oceans

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54

Reason 2 for WW1

France is defeated in 1871 and divides two possible allies

  • Germany seizes territory

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55

Reason 3 for WW1

Austria-Hungry has too many ethnic groups which want independence

  • Serbia just gained independence.

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56

Reason 4 for WW1

Alliances between France and Russia (secret)

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57

Franz Ferdinand

killed and starts WW1

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58

Mobilization

calls men to war

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59

Schlieffen Plan

attack on France which illegally enters Belgium

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60

When Germany enters Belgium

England enters war.

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61

After the Schlieffen Plan fails,

Trench Warfare is created.

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62

New technology:

machine guns, tanks, poison gas, airplane (dog fighting), U-boats, propoganda, and artillary

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63

Lusitania

spotted by German U-boat and torpedoed which kills 128 Americans (yet America stays neutral)

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64

English Propoganda

wins over Germany’s

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65

blockade v. u-boats

U-boats are secret and blockades block entrance

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66

Election of 1916

Wilson’s wife dies and remarries however he still wins

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67

Russia leaves war due to

Bolshevic Revolution

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68

America enters war because of

unrestricted submarine warfare

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69

Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy

14 points (collective security for World) but is ignored

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70

Crucified Canadian

false

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71

Selective Service Act

draft training of men with few supplies

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72

Creole Committee

propoganda by George Creole which sells the country on the war a little too well

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73

Herbert Hoover

  • Ford Administration says was is voluntary

    • ex. meatless monday

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74

Espionage Act

says evading draft is illegal

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75

Sedition Act

can’t publish certain things (works because country is scared)

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76

Shueke Act

“freedom of speech can be limited in times of clear and present danger.”

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77

Great Migration

AA leave south for war jobs in north

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78

Massive Demographic Move

north for jobs and racial tension

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79

German breakthrough

Germany will sue for peace (based on 14 points)

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80

Stab in the Back Theory

believed by German military so military betrays

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81

Versaille Conference

peace conference to end war

  • Wilson brings 14 points

  • hate and revenge against Germans

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82

Germans will allow

inflation to pay for war debts

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