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Study terms and definitions
Ethical Issues in Psychology
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Protection from harm, right to withdraw, confidentiality, informed consent, debriefing, deception
the tendency to be very sure of a fact and later finding that the objective reality was different
tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it
First Step to the Scientific method
Second step to the scientific method
Third step to the scientific method
Testing your hypothesis
Fourth step to the scientific method
Analyze the results
Fifth step to the scientific method
Draw a conclusion
Sixth step to the scientific method
Repeat the test
samples large group via questions
in-depth study of a single participant
observing and recording behavior of participant in its natural state without interfering
scientific procedure to test a hypothesis, involves manipulating variables (IV, DV, etc) to determine cause and effect
total group of individuals from which the selected group (sample) is taken
the participants, group taking part in the study
to be most unbiased, selection of participants should be “random” - chosen by flipping a coin, pulling names, etc.
the participants used should represent the population being studied
what is being manipulated? What is impacting results?
these are the results; what are psychologists measuring? (depends on the changes in independent variables); results DEPEND on changing independent
what could some other factors be that are not controlled or measured? (weather, time of day, etc)
group receiving the “treatment” or changes
group that doesn’t receive anything - left alone
what number occurs the most?
what is the number in the middle?
what is the average?
difference between low and high?
different groups at one time
following one person over an extended period
does it measure what it is supposed to measure?
does it have consistent results? If it is replicated, would it have the same results?
curious eagerness, skeptically scrutinize competing ideas, open-minded humility before nature
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables
repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances
connection between 2+ things (the longer you exercise, the more calories you burn) However, does not always = causation; ex: more likely to die in hospital
pill/medicine or procedure that has no real effects
the researcher knows who has received the placebo, but the participant does not
neither the researcher nor the participant know who has the placebo