BASC103A - Module 1 (Introductory)

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Anatomy

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54 Terms

1

Anatomy

Academic discipline in vetmed about animal parts

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2

Biotic and Abiotic Component

2 Components of the Ecosystem

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3

welfare legislation

considers how humans must treat animals includes rules & regulations, & mandates in the animal welfare act (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)

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4

Animal Welfare

branch of veterinary science that deals w/quality of life experienced by an animal

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5

Animal Welfare

encompasses how well the animal is coping w/its current situation & surroundings

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6

2,000 BC

year that pigeons, other poultry, & elephants were domesticated

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7

3 Concepts of Animal Welfare

normal biological function, emotional state, ability to express certain normal behaviors

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8

normal biological function

ensures that the animal is healthy & well-nourished (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)

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9

Emotional state

The absence of negative emotions; pain & chronic fear (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)

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10

Ability to express certain normal behaviors

Involves the expression of animal behavior in their normal environment (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)

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11

Biotic Component

living things such as flora and fauna

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12

Zootechniques

Academic discipline in vetmed about the methods & techniques in animal production

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13

Vertebrates

animals that have backbones

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14

Parasitology

Academic discipline in vetmed about parasites (worms & protozoans)

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15

Pet/Companion Animals

indoor animals; animals in close association w/humans such as dogs & cats

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16

Poultry

biped (2-footed); animals w/feathers (ex. chickens, ducks, pigeons, turkeys)

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17

Abiotic Component

non-living things such as lithosphere (soil), hydrosphere (water), & atmosphere (air)

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18

1,000 BC

year that rabbits were domesticated

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19

Companion animals, poultry, livestock, exotic

Scope animals of vetmed; animals belonging to the Phylum Chordata

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20

Medicine and surgery

Academic discipline in vetmed that deals w/the nature & treatment of diseases, as well as medical interventions

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21

Livestock

quadraped (4-footed animals); w/mammary glands (ex. horses, sheep, goats, cattle, pigs)

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22

Physical state

refers to the basic health & functioning & addresses the physical fitness of animals (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)

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23

domestic animals

docile/tame animals; in close association w/humans

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24

10,000 BC

year that dogs were domesticated

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25

Production Indicators (MEGB)

  • Meat & milk production

  • Egg & wool production

  • Growth & development

  • Body weight

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26

9,000 BC

year that sheep and goats were domesticated

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27

welfare science

considers the effects of humans to animals from the animals POV; animal management, treatment of disease (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)

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28

Physical Indicators (BFHW)

  • Body condition

  • Facial expression

  • Hair (mammals) & feather (Poultry) condition

  • Walking pattern

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29

Physiology

Academic discipline in vetmed about animal functions

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30

4,000 BC

year that cattle, oxen, & buffaloes were domesticated

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31

Behavioral Indicators (ACNI)

  • Alertness of the animals

  • Animal’s curiosity

  • Normal range of behavior

  • Interaction with other animals & humans

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32

Invertebrates

animals that don't have backbones includes the Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms & tapeworms), Phylum Nemathelminthes (roundworms), Phylum Porifera (sponges)

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33

Animal Welfare

considers the animal’s actual feeling, animal sensation & animal psychological well-being

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34

welfare science, welfare ethics, welfare legislation

Enumerate the 3 Essential Aspects of Welfare

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35
  1. Freedom from hunger & thirst: nutrition

  2. Freedom from discomfort: physical environment

  3. Freedom from pain, injury, & disease: health

  4. Freedom to express normal behavior: behavior

  5. Freedom from fear & stress: mental state

5 Freedoms in Animal Welfare

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36

14th century

year that turkeys were domesticated

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37

Physiological Indicators (HRBCF)

o Heart rate (corresponds to the pulse rate) o Respiratory rate (slow/fast breathing) o Body temperature (rectal temperature) o Cortisol level (hormone released from the adrenal cortex from the adrenal grand that corresponds to stress) o Feed intake

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38

Pharmacology

Academic discipline in vetmed that deals with drugs and medication

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39

19th - 20th century

year that ostriches were domesticated

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40

dogs

the first animal to be domesticated

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41

1930

year that hamsters were domesticated

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42

welfare

refers to the physical, mental, & overall well being of animals

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43

welfare ethics

considers human actions towards animals; include use of laboratory animals (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)

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44

3,000 BC

year that cats & horses were domesticated

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45

Nutrition, Physical environment, Health, Behavior, Mental state

Enumerate the 5 domains in animal welfare

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46

3,000 - 1,000 BC

year that camels were domesticated

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47

Physical state, mental state, and naturalness

Enumerate the 3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare

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48

mental state

considers the emotional state so that animals should feel mentally well & have positive emotions (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)

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49

7,000 BC

year that pigs were domesticated

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50

naturalness

emphasizes that animals should be able to live reasonably natural lives to perform normal behavior; shouldn’t be kept in captivity (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)

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51

Indicators of Animal Welfare

Signs to be observed from animals if they are in positive/negative welfare

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52

Pathology

Academic discipline in vetmed about animal diseases

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53

5 Domains in Animal Welfare

  • A scientific structure that evaluates the animal’s welfare

  • Acknowledging how they experience emotions both positive & negative

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54

Microbiology

Academic discipline in vetmed about microbes (bacteria, fungi & viruses)

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