English language Key Terms

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Noun

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58 Terms

1

Noun

A person, place, thing, or idea.

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2

collective noun

A group of nouns.

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3

abstract noun

a noun denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a concrete object.

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4

Pronoun

A word that takes the place of a noun so we don't keep repeating it.

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5

proper noun

a SPECIFIC person, place.

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6

common noun

A general name for a person, place, or thing.

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7

concrete noun

A thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tasted.

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8

Stative verb

A verb that does not physically move, you cannot see, hear, taste etc. eg. love

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9

Dynamic verb

A verb that expresses an action rather than a state. e.g run, jump, hide, instead of hate, love, own

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10

Imperative verb

used to command or tell someone to take action

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11

A verb

A doing word.

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12

subordinate clause

A clause in a complex sentence that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and contains a subject and a verb.

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13

compound sentence

Where you join two main clauses with a conjunction.

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14

complex sentence

Where you join a main clause and a subordinate clause with a conjunction.

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15

simple sentence

A sentence consisting of one independent clause and no dependent clause.

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16

main clause

Contains a subject, verb and an object and can make sense on its own.

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17

monosyllabic words

single syllable word.

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18

Alliteration

the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

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19

Assonance

Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity.

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20

Sibilance

A type of alliteration in which the "s" sound is repeated.

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21

Onomatopoeia

A word that imitates the sound it represents.

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22

Emotive language

words used deliberately to create a strong emotional impactl.

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23

figurative language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.

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24

Imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

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25

Symbolism

A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

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26

Simile

A comparison using "like" or "as"

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27

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

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28

Anthropomorphism

the attribution of human characteristics or behaviour to a god, animal, or object. The object actually does human things.

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29

Personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

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30

noun phrase

A group of words that contain a noun and words to describe it but does not contain a verb.

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31

pun

a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.

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32

Idiom

A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.

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33

cliché

a worn-out idea or overused expression

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34

Parenthetical remark

A parenthetical remark is one that explains or qualifies something.

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35

adverbial phrase

An adverb phrase is simply two or more words that act as an adverb. It can modify a verb, adverb, or adjective and can tell "how", "where", "why", or "when".

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36

atmosphere

The tone or feeling created in a piece of creative writing.

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37

Pathos

a quality that evokes pity or sadness

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38

pathetic fallacy

The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.

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39

Connotation

an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.

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40

Colloquialism

informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing

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41

Ellipsis

three periods (...) indicating the omission of words in a thought or quotation

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42

Anaphora

the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences

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43

Antithesis

the direct opposite, a sharp contrast

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44

Juxtaposition

the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.

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45

Hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

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46

Oxymoron

A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. For a dramatic or comedic effect.

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47

Foreshadowing

A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.

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48

Irony

The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning - saying the opposite of what is true/real.

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49

Sarcasm

the use of irony to mock or convey contempt

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50

Rule of Three

The use of three adjectives or phrases to emphasise your idea.

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51

Plosive sounds

Harsh sounds that demand attention such as 'p' or 'b' or 'k' or 'd'. They are often used to highlight something for the reader and used in alliteration.

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52

Fricative sounds

Fricative sounds (such as f/v/th) can either be quite soft and airy, or they can be aggressive (especially f/v, which you can only produce if you bare your teeth - an aggressive action).

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53

Affricative sound

Affricative sounds (such as j) can be quite strange and jarring - they interrupt the softer flow of text and grab the reader's attention, especially when repeated.

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54

Narrative voice

The narrative voice is the tone of the piece. The narrative voice might come from a character or from an omniscient narrator.

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55

1st Person narrative voice

The first-person narrative voice offers the narrator's personal interpretation of events.

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56

3rd Person narrative voice

The third-person narrative voice will either follow a key character or tell events from a neutral (omniscient) perspective.

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57

What should you discuss about paragraphs in an exam?

The order of the ideas (paragraphs). The number of paragraphs in a piece. The length of the paragraphs. How the paragraphs are structured.

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58

Semantic field

Group of words which are related in meaning

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