Unit 5 Vocab 3 Psych

studied byStudied by 2 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Algorithm

1 / 21

Tags and Description

22 Terms

1

Algorithm

A rule that guarantees the right solution by using a formula or other foolproof method.

New cards
2

insight

a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem

New cards
3

confirmation bias

a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence

New cards
4

mental set

tendency to fall into established thought patterns

New cards
5

intuition

the ability to understand something immediately

New cards
6

representativeness heuristic

judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent

New cards
7

availability heuristic

judging a situation based on examples of similar situations that come to mind initially

New cards
8

Overconfidence

the tendency to be more confident than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.

New cards
9

belief perseverance

tendency to stick to our initial beliefs even when evidence contradicts them

New cards
10

Framing

the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.

New cards
11

language

A system of communication through the use of speech

New cards
12

phoneme

in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

New cards
13

Morpheme

in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)

New cards
14

grammar

in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

New cards
15

babbling stage

beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

New cards
16

one-word stage

the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words

New cards
17

two-word stage

beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements

New cards
18

telegraphic speech

the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, but the meaning is usually clear

New cards
19

aphasia

impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding).

New cards
20

Broca's area

Controls language expression - an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech. (Making speech)

New cards
21

Wernicke's area

controls language reception - a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression; usually in the left temporal lobe (Understanding speech)

New cards
22

linguistic determinism

the strong form of Whorf's hypothesis—that language controls the way we think and interpret the world around us

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 47 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 63 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7080 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(37)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard160 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard104 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)