Developmental Cont'd

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Separation Anxiety

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37 Terms

1

Separation Anxiety

fear of separation from caregiver

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2

Stranger Anxiety

fear of strangers (develop at 8 months)

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3

Imprinting

process by which animals form instinctual attachment during their critical period

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4

Konrad Lorenz

guy who did experiments with imprinting and baby geese

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5

Mary Ainsworth

person who did the “Strange Situation” experiment to see attachment styles

  • believes because of Nurture - depends on the relationship previously built with caregiver

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6

Strange Situation

the experiment of how a baby responds when mother leaves and returns and in comparison to strangers - shows attachment styles

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7

Secure Attachment

70% - mild distress when parent leaves, happy when back, prefers caregiver to strangers

  • as an adult has trusting relationships

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8

Ambivalent Attachment

15% - intense distress when parent leaves, resistant upon return, fear of strangers

  • as an adult are reluctant to relationships and very distressed at breakups

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9

Avoidant Attachment

15% - indifference to parent and stranger

  • intimacy problems/ invest little emotion in relationship as adult

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10

Diana Baumrind

person who found that children raised by authoritative parents have higher self esteem and are more self reliant

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11

Authoritative

parenting style; high warmth and high control

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12

Permissive

parenting style; high warmth and low control

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13

Neglecting

parenting style; low warmth and low control

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14

Authoritarian

parenting style; low warmth and high control

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15

Jean Piaget

person who preformed lots of children studies and believed in natures influences, developed stages of cognitive development

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16

cognition

all mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

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17

4 cognitive stages

developed by piaget, all humans pass through, why children literally see world differently than adults

  • children not mini adults

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18

sensorimotor stage

cognitive stage 1; experience the world through sense and movement/ exploring

  • birth to 2 years

  • stranger anxiety

  • lack object permanence

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19

object permanence

the awareness that an object exists even if you cannot see it

  • babies lack, why love peak-a-boo

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20

preoperational stage

cognitive stage 2; pretend play a lot and think concretely/ take literally

  • 2- 6/7 years

  • lots of developmental phenomena

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21

egocentrism

in preoperational; the normal tendency for young child to see everything as how it relates/ revolves around them

  • difficult to see other points of view

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22

artificialism

in preoperational; believe that events are caused by people

  • ex. the weatherman makes it rain

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23

animism

in preoperational; the belief that objects are alive/ conscious

  • really believed toys feelings hurt if don’t play with them

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24

symbolism

in preoperational; the ability to use symbols to represent objects

  • red card means you did bad

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25

Theory of Mind

in preoperational; understanding that others might not know what you know

  • why UNO game is so fun (I know something you don’t know)

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26

Autism

typically diagnosed in preoperational; a disorder marked by deficient communication or social skills and lack of theory of mind

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27

Principles of Conservation

kids in preoperational DO NOT fully understand; key properties of substances stay the same even if the shape changes

  • kid with spread out quarters/ higher water in narrower glass (equal but don’t realize it)

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28

Concrete Operational Stage

cognitive stage 3; can think logically about things, but not quite abstractly (struggle with hypothetical questions), fully understand conservation

  • 6/7 years - 12 years

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29

Formal Operational Stage

cognitive stage 4; lots of abstract thought and form a self-concept

  • 12 + years (till about 18)

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30

Abstract Thought

thinking in terms of representations or hypothetical propositions (what-ifs?)

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31

Self-Concept

the identity/ personal worth one develops (more positive leads to confidence!)

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32

criticisms of piaget

under simplify, specific to western culture, lack of statistics/ small samples

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33

Adolescence

the transition period between childhood and adulthood (teen years)

  • frontal lobe develops

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34

Spot hypocrisy and Inconsistencies

Adolescences can ____________________ in logic and often fight more with parents/ challenge norms

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35

Puberty

the period of sexual maturation because of an increase in hormones

  • 11 females

  • 13 males

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36

Primary Sex characteristics

for reproduction; ovaries and testes

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37

Secondary sex characteristics

non reproductive traits; breasts, menstruation, hair, lowered voice in men, etc.

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