Meet the Ancients: Key Terms + Concepts Pt.3

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THE CLASSICAL AGE (490-338 BCE)

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22 Terms

1

THE CLASSICAL AGE (490-338 BCE)

  • Persian Wars

  • Ends w/ philps + alexander

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2

ATHENS

  • Owned by Athena (Olive Branch)

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3

SOLON

  • Lawgiver

  • Poet

  • Outlaws debt slavery

  • Helps Athens

  • Allows all athenian citizens to vote

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4

BOULE

  • Council

  • 400-500 men

  • Chosen by lot from each tribe

  • One year term

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5

AUTOCHTONY

  • Belief that Athenians sprang from the ground

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6

HIPPIAS

  • Peisistratus eldest son

  • Brother: Hipparchus

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7

HARMODIUS

  • Boyfriend: Aristogeiton

  • Rejects Hipparchus

  • Plots tyrannicide w/ bf

  • Hippias lives but brother dies + later gets expelled by Sparta

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8

MURDER OF ERATOSTHENES

  • Euphiletos kills Eratosthenes for sleeping w/ his wife

  • Defense is that a husbad can kill an adulterer when caught in the act

  • Unknown if he was proven guilty or not guilty

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9

KURIOS

Lord

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10

INHERITANCE

  • Goes to the sons, if no sons the daughter must marry a relative and their children will inherit

  • Can divorce only if childless

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11

SPARTIATES

Full citizen of Sparta

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12

LYCURGUS THE LAWGIVER

  • Possibly not real

  • No written evidence of his laws

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13

MIRAGE

  • Affects: poleis, later ancient people, pop culture, etc.

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14

SPARTA

A city-state in ancient Greece.

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15

INFANTICIDE

  • Killing your offspring with intention

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16

AGOGE

  • Mass public education

  • Keeps boys in line w/ violence (died sometimes)

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17

SPARTIATE WOMEN

  • Education: at home

  • Managed households

  • can own property

  • Dont need labor

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18

HELOTS

  • Public slaves who farm a kleros for its Spartiate owner

  • In war, they carry all equipment, fight under Spaertiate officers

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19

SPARTAN GOV

  • Has a little bit of every government archetype

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20

GEROUSIA

  • Old men past 60 years old

  • Translation: senate

  • Lifetime appointment

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21

KINGS

  • Two spartan kings

  • One always stays in Sparta

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22

FOREIGN POLICY

  • Fight as hoplites in war

  • First expansionist, later and Alliance system

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