Behavior Management

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What is the goal of behavior management?

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17 Terms
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What is the goal of behavior management?

To reduce or eliminate any behavior that is interfering with treatment or therapy

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What are the two kinds of response reduction strategies?

direct indirect

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What is the focus of direct response reduction strategies?

focus on undesired behaviors to reduce or eliminate them

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What are the two kinds of direct response reduction strategies?

stimulus presentation stimulus withdrawl

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What are the two kinds of stimulus presentations?

verbal nonverbal

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What are examples of verbal stimulus presentations?

say "no" say "stop" give specific instructions

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What is the contingency for verbal and nonverbal stimulus presentation?

must be presented immediately after the undesired behavior

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What are examples of nonverbal stimulus presentations?

head nods or shaking hand over hand (redirection of behavior) hold hand up

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What are the three kinds of stimulus withdrawal?

time out response cost extinction for decreasing behaviors

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Time Out

a period of time devoid or away from the activity, typically one minute per year of the child's age want to ensure that the time frame is appropriate and that this measure is not desirable for the child

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Response Cost

every time the undesired behavior occurs, the client must give up something must consider the frequency of behavior and client motivation, if the behavior is frequent, this measure may be the best to use/most useful

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Extinction for Decreasing Behaviors

"do nothing" procedure

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What is the focus of indirect response reduction strategies?

focus is on the desirable behavior with a goal of reducing the undesirable behavior DOES NOT MANIPULATE THE UNDESIRED BEHAVIOR DIRECTLY

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What are the three kinds of reinforcements for indirect response?

differential reinforcement of other behavior differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior differential reinforcement of low rates of responding

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Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior (DRO)

reinforce any desirable behavior and omission of the undesirable behavior the behavior that you reinforce is left open (not addressing it) for example, if the child is screaming, reinforce them sitting in a chair

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Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior (DRI)

reinforce any desirable behavior that is incompatible with undesirable for example, if the child is screaming, reinforce them using their inside voice

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Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates of Responding (DRL)

reinforce the frequency of the undesired behavior when it is below the baseline observe a decrease in a behavior, specifically the undesired one, and the clinician shapes the behavior until it is eliminated or reaches a manageable level for example, if the child is biting, reinforce them using a chewing tube, and then not biting at all

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