personality

studied byStudied by 10 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

personality

1 / 82

Tags and Description

83 Terms

1

personality

unique and stable ways people think

New cards
2

character

value judgements of a person's moral and ethical behavior

New cards
3

temperament

the enduring characteristics with which each person is born

New cards
4

psychodynamic

Focuses on the role of the unconscious mind in the development of personality. heavily focused on biological causes of personality differences.

New cards
5

behaviorist

this approach focuses on the effect of the environment on behavior

New cards
6

humanistic

first arose as a reaction against the psychoanalytic and behaviorist perspectives. focuses on the role of each person's conscious life experiences and choices in personality development

New cards
7

trait perspective

concerned with the end result- the characteristics themselves. although some trait theorists assume that traits are biologically determined

New cards
8

preconscious conscious unconscious

divisions of the mind

New cards
9

preconscious

memories

New cards
10

conscious

current awareness

New cards
11

unconscious

thoughts

New cards
12

id

if it feels good do it

New cards
13

-present at birth and completely unconscious-pleasure seeking

amoral part of personality

New cards
14

libido

the instinctual energy that may come into conflict with the demands of a society's standards for behavior

New cards
15

pleasure principle

desire for immediate gratification of needs with no regard for the consequences

New cards
16

ego

develops out of a need to deal with reality, mostly conscious rational and logical

New cards
17

reality principle

satisfaction of the demands of the id only when negative consequences will not result

New cards
18

superego

acts as a moral center

New cards
19

ego ideal

part of the superego that contains the standards for moral behavior -contains the conscience

New cards
20

fixation

disorder in which the person does not fully resolve the conflict in a particular psychosexual stage, resulting in personality traits and behavior associated with that earlier stage

New cards
21
  1. oral stage

dominated by the id. mouth is erogenous zone. weaning is primary conflict chewing. oral fixation.

New cards
22
  1. anal stage

anus erogenous zone. toilet training conflict. expulsive or retentive personality.

New cards
23
  1. phallic stage

erogenous zone is genitals. know differences in sexes. develop normal genital stimulation. sexual feelings. castration (boys) penis envy (girls)

New cards
24

phallic

Which stage does the Oedipus conflict occur?

New cards
25
  1. latent stage

sexual feelings repressed, same-sex play, social skills. develop physically intellectually, socially but not sexually

New cards
26
  1. genital stage

sexual feelings consciously expressed. immature love or indiscriminate hate. uncontrollable working or inability to work.

New cards
27

Carl Jung

Who created the collective unconscious?

New cards
28

collective unconscious

memories shared by all members of the human species

New cards
29

anima

feminine

New cards
30

animus

masculine

New cards
31

archetypes

collective, human memories

New cards
32

Alfred Adler

Who created the defense mechanism called compensation?

New cards
33

compensation

overcoming feelings of inferiority in one area of life by achieving in another aspect of life

New cards
34

womb envy

men need to compensate for inability to bear children

New cards
35

basic anxiety

created when a child is born into the bigger and more powerful world of older children and adults

New cards
36

neurotic personalities

personalities typifies by maladaptive ways of dealing with relationships

New cards
37

Erik Erikson

Who created the psychosocial stages?

New cards
38

no experiments, free association, wealthy victorian women were primarily clients

Criticisms of psychodynamic perspective

New cards
39

behaviorists

use principles of conditioning to explain behavior

New cards
40

social cognitive theorists

emphasize the influence of social and cognitive factors on learning

New cards
41

learned responses

behaviorists believe that personality is nothing more than a set of ________ ______ or habits

New cards
42

social cognitive learning

importance of influences of other people's behavior and of a person's own expectancies of learning

New cards
43

Albert Bandura

Who created reciprocal determinism?

New cards
44

reciprocal determinism

how the factors of environment, personal characteristics, and behavior can interact to determine future behavior

New cards
45

self efficacy

individual's expectancy of how effective his or her efforts to accomplish a goal will be in any particular circumstance

New cards
46

rotter's social learning theory

people are motivated to seek reinforcement and avoid punishment

New cards
47

expectancy

a person's subjective feeling that a particular behavior will lead to a reinforcing consequence

New cards
48

locus of control

tendency for people to assume that they either have control or do not have control over events and consequences in their lives

New cards
49

humanism

aspects of personality that make people uniquely human. subjective feelings of freedom and choice

New cards
50

self actualizing tendency

human beings are always striving to fulfill their innate capacities and capabilities and to become everything that their genetic potential will allow them to become

New cards
51

self concept

image of oneself that develops from interactions with important, significant people in one's life

New cards
52

real self

one's perception of actual characteristics, traits, and abilities

New cards
53

ideal self

one's perception of whom one should be or would like to be. Usually from important people in our life

New cards
54

positive regard

warmth, affection, love, and respect that come from significant others in one's life

New cards
55

unconditional positive regard

positive regard given without conditions or strings attached

New cards
56

conditional positive regard

positive regard that is only given when the person is doing what the providers of positive regard wish

New cards
57

fully functioning person

a person who is in touch with and trusting of the deepest, innermost urges and feelings. experiencing match between real and ideal self. on the road to self actualization

New cards
58

trait theories

describe the characteristics that make up human personality in an effort to predict future behavior

New cards
59

trait

a consistent, enduring way of thinking, feeling, or behaving

New cards
60

Gordon Allport

Who believed that traits are wired into the nervous system to guide one's behaviors

New cards
61

Raymond Cattell

Who believed that there are two types of traits?

New cards
62

surface traits

aspects of personality that can easily be seen by other people in the outward actions of a person

New cards
63

source traits

the more basic traits that underlie the surface traits, forming the core of personality

New cards
64

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score.

New cards
65

The big 5

represent core description of human personality

New cards
66

openness

willingness to try new things and be open to new experiences

New cards
67

Conscientiousness

the care a person gives to organization and thoughtfulness of others; dependability

New cards
68

extraversion

one's need to be with other people

New cards
69

Agreeableness

easygoing, friendly, likeable, grumpy, crabby, unpleasant

New cards
70

Neuroticism

emotional stability or instability

New cards
71

trait-situation interaction

assumption that the particular circumstances of any given situation will influence the way in which a trait is expressed

New cards
72

behavioral genetics

field of study devoted to discovering the genetic bases for personality characteristics

New cards
73

minneosta twin study

identical twins are more similar than fraternal twins in intelligence, leadership abilities, following rules, assertiveness, aggressiveness -true even when twins are brought up separately

New cards
74

adoption studies

genetic influences account for a great deal of personality development regardless of shared or non shared environments

New cards
75

halo effect

tendency of an interviewer to allow positive characteristics of a client to influence the assessments of the client's behavior and statements

New cards
76

projective test

presentation of ambiguous visual stimuli to the client and ask the client to respond with whatever comes to mind. used also in diagnostics -low reliability, validity

New cards
77

projection

defense mechanism involving placing or projecting one's own unacceptable thoughts onto others, as if thoughts actually belonged to those others and not to oneself

New cards
78

thematic apperception test

a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes

New cards
79

Rorscach Inkblot

10 inkblots are shown, patient is asked to say what they see. scored based on reference to color, shape, figures seen

New cards
80

direct observation

professional observes the client engaged in ordinary day to day behavior in either a clinical or natural setting

New cards
81

rating scale

numerical value is assigned to specific behavior that is listed in the scale

New cards
82

frequency count

frequency of a particular behavior is counted

New cards
83

personality inventories

paper and pencil or computerized test that consists of statements that require a specific standardized response from the person taking the test

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 74 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 91 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 343 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 64 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard608 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard288 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)